The 401(k) plan has become an effective way to save for retirement. It allows employees to put money aside for their future on a tax-deferred basis without feeling the money leaving their bank account. It also encourages them to make additional savings to win those matching contributions. And by adding vesting times, it allows companies to invest in employees knowing that they’re likely to see a return on that investment.
But because the plan depends on the employer, it does have a disadvantage: what happens to your retirement fund if you change your job?
The answer is that a couple of things can happen.