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Nikkei is a stock market index for the Tokyo Stock Exchange in Japan. It is also referred to as Nikkei 225, and it represents the 225 largest and most actively traded companies in the Japanese market. This index is one of the primary indicators for the health and performance of the Japanese economy.


The phonetics of the keyword ‘Nikkei’ is /nɪˈkeɪ/.

Key Takeaways

  1. Nikkei stock average: One of the key things to know about Nikkei is that it refers to the Nikkei Stock Average, often also known as the Nikkei 225, which is a stock market index for the Tokyo Stock Exchange. It includes the top 225 companies listed on the exchange and is often used as a barometer of the Japanese economy.
  2. Nikkei Inc.: Nikkei is also the name of one of the largest media corporations in Japan, Nikkei Inc. This company provides a range of media services, including broadcasting and publishing of financial, business and industry news.
  3. Global influence: Even though it’s primarily focused on Japan, Nikkei has a considerable global influence. Not only do investors around the world follow the Nikkei 225 to gauge the health of the Asian markets, but Nikkei Inc.’s news services are also consumed across the globe.


The Nikkei, short for Nikkei 225 Stock Average, is one of the most prominent business/finance terms as it represents Japan’s premier stock index. It is a price-weighted index that tracks the top 225 blue-chip companies listed in the Tokyo Stock Exchange, serving as a barometer for Japan’s overall economic health. Global investors closely monitor the Nikkei Index because Japan is one of the world’s largest economies, and changes in its market can impact international finance significantly. Therefore, the Nikkei index is essential as it provides vital insights into the performance of the Asian financial markets and potentially influences global investment strategies.


The Nikkei is a widely recognized stock market index in Japan, which encapsulates and reflects the overall performance of the Japanese financial market. One of its primary purposes is to serve as a benchmark for investors, allowing them to gauge the Japanese stock market’s overall health and fluctuations, thereby influencing their investment decisions. It comprises 225 prominent companies listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange from various sectors, including technology, healthcare, and financial services, thus giving a comprehensive representation of the Japanese equity market. In addition to aiding investors, the Nikkei is an essential tool for financial institutions for portfolio management and risk assessment. Its performance is used by fund managers to compare the return on their own investments and to ensure that their portfolio outperforms the index. It also aids in creating index-based financial products like exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and derivative contracts like futures and options. In essence, the Nikkei is pivotal to understanding the trends of the Japanese economy, making informed investment decisions, and financial product development.


1. Nikkei 225 Stock Market Index: The best real-world example of the term Nikkei is the Nikkei 225 Stock Market Index. This market index for the Tokyo Stock Exchange represents the 225 largest and most liquid Japanese companies across 36 different industries. For example, as of 2021, companies such as Toyota, Sony, and SoftBank Group are part of the Nikkei 225.2. Nikkei Asia: This is the company’s English-language business journal that covers market trends, economic developments, and corporate news from the Asia-Pacific region. It’s a key source of direct information for analysts and investors interested in Asian markets.3. Nikkei Inc.: The company itself, Nikkei Inc., is a major player in the media industry of Japan that provides news and business information worldwide. Its offerings include broadcasting, publishing, and online media. The company is also the owner of the Financial Times newspaper, which they acquired in 2015 to significantly diversify their media holdings and reach a global audience.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Nikkei?

The Nikkei is a stock market index for the Tokyo Stock Exchange in Japan. It measures the performance of 225 top-rated companies in the first section of the Exchange.

How is the Nikkei calculated?

The Nikkei is a price-weighted index, which means it’s based on the price of the constituent stocks rather than their total market capitalization.

What does the Nikkei Index represent?

Nikkei Index represents the performance of Japan’s economy by measuring the performance of the country’s top 225 companies listed in the Tokyo Stock Exchange.

What companies are included in the Nikkei Index?

The Nikkei includes a diverse group of companies from different industries including technology, financial services, consumer goods, and others. Some famous companies are Sony Corporation, Toyota Motor Corporation, and Softbank Group among others.

How can I invest in the Nikkei Index?

Outside of Japan, individuals can’t directly invest in the Nikkei index, but they can invest through Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) or American Depository Receipts (ADRs) of Japanese companies that are listed on the Nikkei.

How does the performance of the Nikkei influence the global market?

Since the Nikkei Index showcases the performance of Japan’s economy, a significant movement in the Nikkei can reflect the health of the world’s third-largest economy and therefore potentially influence global markets.

Can the Nikkei Index predict the overall state of the market?

While the Nikkei Index can provide a snapshot of Japanese market conditions, it should not be used as a sole indicator for predicting global market movements. It’s always important to consider a variety of economic indicators.

Related Finance Terms

  • Tokyo Stock Exchange
  • Japanese Yen
  • Equity Market
  • Index Trading
  • Japanese Equity

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