Close this search box.

Table of Contents

Equity Market


An equity market, also known as the stock market, is a public entity where shares of publicly traded companies are issued and traded either over the counter or through centralized exchanges. It provides companies with access to capital in exchange for giving investors a slice of ownership in the company. The price of each share is influenced by supply and demand in the market.


The phonetic pronunciation of “Equity Market” is:Equity: /ˈɛkwɪti/Market: /ˈmɑːrkɪt/

Key Takeaways


  1. Function as the primary marketplace: The Equity Market, also known as the stock market, serves as the main platform for buying and selling equity shares. It functions as a primary marketplace where companies can raise capital by issuing shares to the public and a secondary market where investors can trade these securities among themselves.
  2. Represents ownership in a company: When a person purchases shares in the Equity Market, they basically acquire ownership in the company proportional to the number of shares they have bought. This ownership comes with voting rights and a claim on part of the company’s residual earnings and assets.
  3. Risk and Returns: The Equity Market is characterized by its potential for high returns and high risk. This market is subject to various factors such as economic conditions, company performances, and political stability that may cause prices to fluctuate. Investors may gain significant profits if they make wise investment decisions, although they also run the risk of losing their investment due to these unpredictable market conditions.



The Equity Market, often known as the stock market, is crucial in business and finance because it serves as the central hub for buyers and sellers to negotiate prices and make trades of stocks, shares, or equities. This attention to supply and demand constantly impacts the prices of these equities. Therefore, the market becomes a significant part of the global economy and companies’ operations because it allows them to raise capital through the sale of shares. Furthermore, it provides an opportunity for investors to own part of the company and potentially profit from its growth and success. Moreover, the status of the equity market serves as an indicator of a country’s economic health and stability. Consequently, understanding the equity market is essential for decision-making in business, investing, and even government economic policies.


The Equity Market, sometimes known as the stock market, serves as a key platform where investors and companies can interact. Its primary purpose is to facilitate the buying and selling of company shares, providing a way for businesses to raise capital. Essentially, it provides companies, both private and public, a platform to sell parts of their business ownership, traded in the form of stocks, to investors and shareholders. This remains one of the main sources of raising funds, especially for companies looking to expand their operations, invest in new projects, or pay off existing debts.From the perspective of investors and shareholders, the equity market provides an excellent opportunity to earn returns on their investments. The dynamic nature of the equity market often results in fluctuating stock prices, thereby offering substantial profit potential. By investing in a company’s equity, investors essentially become part-owners of the company, and stand to benefit if the company performs well. Moreover, they’re provided the right to vote on certain company matters. The equity market therefore is a crucial component in the overall economic development, enabling capital allocation and wealth generation.


1. New York Stock Exchange (NYSE): The NYSE is a prime example of an equity market as it represents a centralized location where buyers and sellers come together to trade shares of public companies. These can include well-established corporations like Apple, Microsoft, or Coca-Cola. This financial marketplace is integral for companies to raise funds, thereby influencing the overall economy.2. NASDAQ Exchange: This is another globally recognized equity market mainly focused on technology-based companies. For instance, massive companies such as Amazon, Alphabet, and Facebook trade on the NASDAQ Exchange. It is also known for its electronic trading model as opposed to the floor trading model of the NYSE.3. London Stock Exchange (LSE): This is a central equity market in the UK, serving a similar purpose as the NYSE or NASDAQ but catering to British and European companies. It is one of the oldest stock exchanges in the world and lists companies such as British Petroleum (BP) and Barclays PLC – making it a hub for international finance.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Equity Market?

The Equity Market, also known as the stock market, is a platform where buyers and sellers trade in equity-based financial instruments, mainly shares and stocks of companies.

How does the Equity Market work?

In the Equity Market, shares of public companies are issued and traded. This can be through exchanges or over-the-counter markets. The price of these equities is determined by supply and demand.

What are the types of Equity Markets?

There are two main types of Equity Markets: primary and secondary. In the primary market, new securities are issued and sold to investors, typically by a group of banks. A secondary market is where investors buy and sell securities they already own.

What is the role of the Equity Market in an economy?

The Equity Market serves as a source of capital for companies and a potential investment avenue for individuals and institutions. It helps in capital formation and economic growth.

Is investing in the Equity Market risky?

All types of investments carry some level of risk, including the Equity Market. The value of equities can fluctuate depending on a variety of factors. Therefore, it is crucial to thoroughly research and perhaps seek professional advice before investing.

How can I start investing in the Equity Market?

To start investing, you will need to open a trading account with a licensed broker or firm, then deposit an initial sum of money. Before you start, it is advisable to learn about the basics of the Equity Market and individual stocks.

What are dividends in the context of the Equity Market?

Dividends are a portion of a company’s earnings that is distributed to shareholders, often in the form of cash or additional shares. Not all companies pay dividends, particularly those in the growth phase.

What is Equity Market Capitalization?

Market capitalization refers to the total dollar market value of a company’s outstanding shares of stock. It is calculated by multiplying the company’s outstanding shares by the current market price of one share.

Related Finance Terms

  • Stock Exchange
  • Initial Public Offering (IPO)
  • Securities
  • Capital Gains
  • Blue-Chip Stocks

Sources for More Information

About Our Editorial Process

At Due, we are dedicated to providing simple money and retirement advice that can make a big impact in your life. Our team closely follows market shifts and deeply understands how to build REAL wealth. All of our articles undergo thorough editing and review by financial experts, ensuring you get reliable and credible money advice.

We partner with leading publications, such as Nasdaq, The Globe and Mail, Entrepreneur, and more, to provide insights on retirement, current markets, and more.

We also host a financial glossary of over 7000 money/investing terms to help you learn more about how to take control of your finances.

View our editorial process

About Our Journalists

Our journalists are not just trusted, certified financial advisers. They are experienced and leading influencers in the financial realm, trusted by millions to provide advice about money. We handpick the best of the best, so you get advice from real experts. Our goal is to educate and inform, NOT to be a ‘stock-picker’ or ‘market-caller.’ 

Why listen to what we have to say?

While Due does not know how to predict the market in the short-term, our team of experts DOES know how you can make smart financial decisions to plan for retirement in the long-term.

View our expert review board

About Due

Due makes it easier to retire on your terms. We give you a realistic view on exactly where you’re at financially so when you retire you know how much money you’ll get each month. Get started today.

Due Fact-Checking Standards and Processes

To ensure we’re putting out the highest content standards, we sought out the help of certified financial experts and accredited individuals to verify our advice. We also rely on them for the most up to date information and data to make sure our in-depth research has the facts right, for today… Not yesterday. Our financial expert review board allows our readers to not only trust the information they are reading but to act on it as well. Most of our authors are CFP (Certified Financial Planners) or CRPC (Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor) certified and all have college degrees. Learn more about annuities, retirement advice and take the correct steps towards financial freedom and knowing exactly where you stand today. Learn everything about our top-notch financial expert reviews below… Learn More