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Net Income (NI)


Net Income (NI) is a key profitability metric for a company, referring to the total earnings or profit remaining after deducting all business expenses, taxes, and costs. It’s often referred to as ‘net earnings’ or ‘bottom line’. Essentially, NI is the amount of revenue that exceeds all costs associated with maintaining the business.


Net Income (NI) is pronounced as /nɛt ˈɪnkəm/

Key Takeaways

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  1. Net Income (NI) is the total earnings or profit of a company, calculated by subtracting the total expenses from the company’s total revenue. It’s the company’s bottom line and reflects how much the company has earned after all costs, taxes, interest, and dividends have been deducted.
  2. Net Income serves as a key indicator of a company’s financial health and profitability. It’s an important tool for investors, creditors, and other stakeholders to assess the company’s performance, financial stability, and efficiency of operations. Negative net income indicates a loss, while positive net income shows profit.
  3. Because Net Income is subject to accounting practices and policies, it may not always represent the true cash generated by a company. Therefore, it’s crucial to also consider other financial measures (like cash flow) along with Net Income to get a more comprehensive picture of a company’s financial condition.



Net Income (NI) is a crucial business/finance term as it indicates a company’s total earnings or profit – the amount of money a company has made after all expenses, taxes, and costs associated with its operations have been deducted from its revenue. It essentially communicates the financial health and profitability of a company. It’s important for both internal and external stakeholders. Internally, management might use net income as a performance measure to make strategic decisions about operations, reinvestment, or dividend issuance. Externally, investors and creditors use net income to assess the company’s profitability and to predict future growth, determining the company’s attractiveness as an investment or credit risk. Therefore, the net income value holds significant importance in financial analysis and business evaluation.


Net income (NI) serves a key purpose in financial analysis, business evaluation and strategic planning as it quantifies a company’s profitability. Often referred to as the ‘bottom line’ , net income provides a clear picture of financial health by subtracting all expenses from revenue, including operational costs, interest, tax expenses, and cost of goods sold. It’s the definitive metric for a business’s profit after all costs and deductions are taken into account. Companies use net income calculations to understand whether or not they are operating efficiently and generating enough revenue to cover all operational costs and other financial obligations. Net income is also extensively used by external stakeholders such as investors and creditors for various assessments. Investors look at a company’s net income closely because it’s a useful indicator of how profitable the company is and whether it can provide a return on investment. Creditors, similarly, use net income figures to assess whether an enterprise is making enough profit to meet its debt obligations. Also, the trends in net income are studied over time to identify patterns, outliers, or variables which could be affecting the company’s profitability. These insights then provide the basis for informed financial decision making.


1. **Amazon Inc.:** Amazon’s 2020 annual report stated that they had a net income of $21.33 billion, up from $11.59 billion in 2019. This net income was calculated after deducting all operating expenses, interest charges, and taxes from the company’s total revenue.2. **Walmart Inc.:** As a real-world example of a company with high net income, consider Walmart. According to its 2020 financial reports, Walmart generated a net income of $13.5 billion for the fiscal year, after accounting for all operating expenses, debt payments, taxes, and other costs.3. **Uber Technologies Inc.:** On the other side, Uber reported a net loss (negative net income) in 2020, amounting to $6.77 billion. This figure was influenced by a decline in the number of rides because of the Covid-19 pandemic, leading to lower gross revenues, and once operational costs and taxes were taken into account, the company ended up with a negative net income. These examples illustrate that net income can vary greatly between companies and industries, and even from year to year within the same company.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Net Income (NI)?

Net Income (NI) is the total earnings or profit a company makes after subtracting all its expenses, including operational costs, interest payments, taxes, and depreciation.

How is Net Income calculated?

Net Income is calculated by subtracting total expenses from total revenue. The formula is: Net Income = Total Revenue – Total Expenses.

What is the significance of Net Income in financial analysis?

Net Income serves as a key indicator of a company’s profitability and financial health. A consistent increase in Net Income usually indicates a profitable and financially stable company, attracting more investors.

What happens if a company has a negative Net Income?

A negative Net Income, often referred to as a Net Loss, signifies that a company’s expenses have exceeded its revenues, indicating financial trouble.

Is Net Income the same as Net Profit?

Yes, Net Income is also known as Net Profit, bottom line, or net earnings. All of these terms refer to what’s left over from a company’s revenue once all expenses have been subtracted.

Where can I find the Net Income of a company?

The Net Income of a company can be often found at the end of its income statement, a financial document that outlines a company’s revenues, costs, and expenses over a specific period.

Does Net Income include dividends?

No, dividends are distributed from the Net Income. They are not included in the calculation of Net Income, but are part of the distribution of the profit.

Does a higher Net Income always mean a company is doing well?

Not always. While a higher Net Income generally indicates increased profitability, it’s important to also consider other financial metrics and the company’s overall financial health, including its cash flow, debt levels, and revenue growth.

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