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A Doji is a term used in technical analysis to refer to a pattern on a candlestick chart, signifying that the opening and closing price of an asset, such as a stock or commodity, was virtually equal, thus appearing as a cross or plus sign. It typically indicates a state of market indecision, where the buying and selling pressures are equal, causing the price to end unchanged. This pattern is often interpreted by traders as a possible reversal point in the market.


The phonetics for the keyword “Doji” is: /ˈdɒdʒi/.

Key Takeaways

  1. A Doji is a significant candlestick pattern in technical analysis of trading charts, suggesting indecision and possible trend reversal.
  2. It is represented by a candlestick with a close price near or equal to its open price, thus reflecting the equilibrium between buyers and sellers.
  3. The various types of Doji – standard, long-legged, dragonfly, and gravestone – each provide different market signals. Standard indicates indecision, long-legged shows significant indecision, dragonfly suggests a bullish reversal, and gravestone implies a bearish reversal.


Doji is a critical term in business and finance, specifically within the context of candlestick charting in technical analysis, which traders use to study and predict price movements in financial markets. It signifies a point of indecision between buyers and sellers, symbolizing a balance of force. A Doji candlestick forms when a security’s open and close are virtually equal, presenting as a cross, inverted cross, or plus sign. It typically indicates market indecisiveness and signals potential reversal points in the price trend, hence its importance. Being aware of the Doji can help traders potentially profit or avoid losses, making it a valuable tool in investment decision-making.


The Doji is one of the most significant tools in the field of technical analysis of market trends, specifically in the game of candlestick charting primarily used in the realm of stock, foreign exchange, and commodity trading. Rather than being an investment or trading strategy, think of a Doji as an indicator or a warning sign, cluing investors and traders into possible future market behavior. The purpose of a Doji is to demonstrate points in the trading timeline where the market sentiment could potentially be shifting. It is essentially the communication tool of the market, providing traders a visually clear, at-a-glance cue that the bull/bear pattern may revert. Typically, a Doji candlestick formation is used to predict reversals in the market trend. Advanced traders, keen on finding optimal entry and exit points, use it to enhance their decision making. A Doji pattern occurs when security’s open and close prices are virtually the same, reflecting an indecisive market condition where the buying pressure equals the selling pressure. Recognizing and correctly interpreting this pattern can help traders capitalize on market reversals, manage their risk adequately, and potentially optimize their profit outcomes. But, like all technical tools, it is never foolproof and is best used in conjunction with other indicators to confirm the trend reversal.


A Doji is a trading pattern in candlestick charting that indicates an indecisive state in the market, where the open and closing prices for the day are almost the same. Here are three real-world examples of a Doji: 1. Apple Inc. (AAPL) in April 2016 – The candlestick chart for the Apple Inc. on April 27, 2016, showed a Doji, where the opening price was $96.00 and the closing price for the day was also $96.00. This indicated that despite quite some trading during the day, the buyers and sellers reached a tough stand-off, resulting in the stock ending near the opening price. 2. Amazon (AMZN) in May 2017 – On this day, there was a Doji star pattern formed on its stock chart. It opened at $957.00, saw highs and lows during the day, but eventually closed back near the opening price at $956.92. Post this indecision period, the stock price dropped in the subsequent days. 3. United Technologies Corporation (UTX) in April 2019 – There was a long-legged Doji formed on its chart, where the open and closing prices were nearly identical but the high and low of the day had a considerably wide range. The stock opened the day at $132.48 and closed at $132.36. This was a clear sign of market indecision indicating potential reversal from the previous trend.Remember, Doji are primarily used as a signal of potential reversal in the market, but traders often seek confirmation with the next candle or another indicator because Doji can also occur in periods of rest during a strong trend.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Doji in finance?
A Doji is a candlestick pattern used in technical analysis, which represents equality or uncertainty between buyers and sellers. This pattern is identified when the opening and closing prices are virtually the same. It often signifies a potential reversal in the market trend.
What are the types of Doji?
There are four primary types of Doji: Neutral Doji, Long-Legged Doji, Dragonfly Doji, and Gravestone Doji. Each type indicates different market sentiments and potential price reversals.
How does a Doji form?
A Doji forms when a security’s open and close are virtually equal. It is represented by a horizontal line with a vertical line passing through its middle. The lengths of the lines above and below represent the highest and lowest prices during that period.
What does a Doji pattern signify in a market trend?
A Doji pattern signifies a potential reversal in the market trend. It shows market indecision where the forces of supply and demand are equally balanced. Traders often use it to predict potential market reversals.
How do you trade a Doji candlestick pattern?
Traders usually combine the Doji pattern with other technical indicators or chart patterns before making trading decisions. For example, if a Doji forms after an uptrend, it could signal the trend’s end. However, it’s not advisable to base trading decisions solely on a Doji.
Is the Doji pattern reliable?
Like any other technical indicator, the Doji pattern is not 100% reliable. It should always be used in conjunction with other technical indicators and market information. Moreover, its implications can also vary depending on the market context and the preceding price action.
What is the difference between a Dragonfly Doji and a Gravestone Doji?
A Dragonfly Doji forms when the open, close, and high prices are the same and significantly higher than the low price. This pattern often indicates a potential bullish reversal. On the other hand, a Gravestone Doji forms when the open, close, and low prices are the same and significantly lower than the high price, often indicating a potential bearish reversal.

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