Close this search box.

Table of Contents

Zvi Griliches


Zvi Griliches (1930-1999) was a Lithuanian-born American economist, best known for his extensive work on the economics of research and development, productivity growth, and the relationship between technological innovation and economic growth. He was a faculty member at Harvard University and later became an associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research. Griliches’ research significantly contributed to the understanding of technological change and its impact on productivity and economic growth.


The phonetic pronunciation of the keyword “Zvi Griliches” is /zvi ɡrɪliʧəz/.

Key Takeaways

  1. Zvi Griliches was a prominent economist known for his research on economic productivity and innovation. He made significant contributions to the field of econometrics and the understanding of technological change, with a focus on the role of knowledge and human capital in economic growth.
  2. Griliches served as a professor at multiple prestigious institutions, including Harvard University and the University of Chicago. Throughout his career, he remained an active leader in the field and led many influential organizations, such as the National Bureau of Economic Research and the American Economic Association.
  3. One of Griliches’ most well-known contributions is the development of the “knowledge production function,” which is an innovative way to measure the impact of research and development (R&D) on productivity growth. His work has had a lasting impact on the study of productivity and the importance of human capital in the modern economy.


Zvi Griliches was an eminent economist who made significant contributions to the fields of business and finance, particularly in the areas of productivity growth, technological innovation, and econometrics. His pioneering work served as the foundation for understanding the roles of education, research and development (R&D), and technological change in fostering economic growth and development. He developed new ways to measure and analyze the impact of these factors, helping to shape modern econometric techniques and giving policymakers valuable insights to guide their decision-making. Thus, the term Zvi Griliches carries great importance in business and finance, as his work continues to inform and influence economic thinking and methodologies today.


Zvi Griliches was a renowned economist who made significant contributions to the field of finance and business, particularly in the areas of productivity, growth and technology. His work primarily centered on understanding the role of innovation and technological advancements in driving economic growth. Griliches sought to explain how investments in research and development (R&D), education, and other intangible assets impacted an economy and led to increased productivity. One of his key constructs was the idea of ‘technological progress,’ which he believed to be essential in identifying and evaluating how a country or company could gain a competitive advantage by investing in innovative technologies and human capital. Among his greatest accomplishments was the development of econometric methods that could effectively quantify the impact of these investments on a firm or country’s performance. Griliches’ research helped businesses and policymakers alike understand the importance of innovation in an ever-evolving global landscape, guiding their decisions to allocate resources effectively. By taking Griliches’ insights into account, decision-makers in the finance and business sectors can better predict and prepare for economic trends and challenges, ultimately enhancing efficiency and fostering greater competitiveness for their organizations. The principles and methods proposed by Griliches have become vital tools for firms and governments to strategize and assess the success of their technology and innovation investments.


Zvi Griliches (1930-1999) was an economist who made significant contributions to the field of economics, particularly in the areas of productivity, economic growth, and data systems. While the term “Zvi Griliches” refers to the economist himself, his work and contributions have wide-ranging implications for various sectors. Here are three real-world examples that demonstrate the relevance of Griliches’ work: 1. Technology Adoption and Productivity Growth: Griliches’ research on the relationship between technology adoption and productivity growth is of great significance for businesses in all sectors. Policymakers and business leaders apply his findings to understand the impact of new technologies on their organizations or industry sectors. For instance, Griliches’ work has been influential in understanding the impact of information technology on productivity growth in the 1990s’ United States economy. 2. R&D Investment and Technological Progress: One of Griliches’ major contributions to the field of economics lies in his empirical research on the relationship between research and development (R&D) investments and technological progress. Based on his findings, companies from various industries actively seek to allocate resources towards R&D to bring about innovation and increased productivity. Griliches’ work has been a key factor influencing the formation of innovation policies worldwide, such as tax credits or grants for R&D activities in the technology sector. 3. Education and Human Capital: Griliches also made significant contributions to understanding the role of education in economic growth. He demonstrated that investments in education and human capital development lead to increased productivity and, ultimately, economic growth. The principles derived from his work have been applied across several sectors, such as the education policies implemented by governments aiming to improve the quality and accessibility of education, which eventually leads to an overall increase in workforce productivity.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

Who was Zvi Griliches?
Zvi Griliches was an Israeli-American economist and professor, known for his significant research in the areas of productivity growth, technological change, and the economics of knowledge. Born in 1930 in Lithuania, he later moved to the United States and earned his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago. Griliches taught at several prestigious universities, including Harvard University, and held various positions within government and economic organizations.
What were Zvi Griliches’ main areas of research?
Griliches’ primary research focused on the measurement and analysis of productivity growth, the role of technological change, and the factors affecting the diffusion of innovations. He also studied the economics of knowledge and its impact on economic growth and development, as well as methodologies for evaluating research and development efforts.
What are some of his key contributions to the field of economics?
One of Griliches’ most influential contributions was his development of the “hedonic price” method, a technique designed to measure the price change of a good or service that incorporates characteristics like quality and technological change. He also made significant contributions to the applied analysis of production functions, human capital, and the role of education in productivity and economic growth.
Why is Zvi Griliches important in finance and business?
Griliches’ groundbreaking research has had a significant impact on how economists and businesses understand productivity and innovation. His methodologies and theories have been widely adopted and applied to various industries, including finance, technology, and education. Understanding Griliches’ work can help businesses make more informed decisions and improve their strategies related to research and development, technology adoption, and overall productivity.
How did his work influence government policy?
Griliches’ research has influenced government policy in several ways, including the formation of policies related to research and development funding, education investments, and technology diffusion. Governments worldwide have recognized the importance of promoting innovation and technological progress as a means of fostering economic growth, and Griliches’ work has been instrumental in supporting this objective.
Are there any awards or honors named after Zvi Griliches?
The Zvi Griliches Research Data Center (RDC) is named in his honor, and it is located within the Kiel Institute for the World Economy in Germany. The RDC serves as a resource for researchers worldwide to access and analyze data related to productivity, innovation, and technological change. The Zvi Griliches Excellence in Research Award is another accolade that is awarded by the Department of Economics at Harvard University for outstanding research achievements by doctoral students in the field of applied econometrics.

Related Finance Terms

Sources for More Information

About Due

Due makes it easier to retire on your terms. We give you a realistic view on exactly where you’re at financially so when you retire you know how much money you’ll get each month. Get started today.

Due Fact-Checking Standards and Processes

To ensure we’re putting out the highest content standards, we sought out the help of certified financial experts and accredited individuals to verify our advice. We also rely on them for the most up to date information and data to make sure our in-depth research has the facts right, for today… Not yesterday. Our financial expert review board allows our readers to not only trust the information they are reading but to act on it as well. Most of our authors are CFP (Certified Financial Planners) or CRPC (Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor) certified and all have college degrees. Learn more about annuities, retirement advice and take the correct steps towards financial freedom and knowing exactly where you stand today. Learn everything about our top-notch financial expert reviews below… Learn More