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Yankee Certificate of Deposit


A Yankee Certificate of Deposit (CD) is a short-term financial instrument issued by foreign banks or financial institutions to U.S. investors. They are denominated in U.S. dollars and typically have a minimum face value of $100,000. The main advantage of these CDs is that they offer a higher interest rate than domestic CDs, making them an attractive investment alternative.


The phonetic representation of the keyword “Yankee Certificate of Deposit” is:Yankee: ˈyæŋkiCertificate: ˌsɝˈtɪfɪkətof: ʌvDeposit: dɪˈpɑzɪt

Key Takeaways

  1. Yankee Certificate of Deposit (CD) is a financial product issued by a foreign bank, typically in the United States, that allows investors to obtain a higher interest rate on their investments than is often available through domestic banks.
  2. These CDs are subject to the regulations of both the foreign bank’s home country and the United States, which can provide an additional layer of security for investors.
  3. However, there may be risks associated with Yankee CDs, such as currency exchange rate fluctuations and potential default by the issuing bank, so investors should carefully weigh the risks and rewards before investing.


The Yankee Certificate of Deposit is important because it allows foreign banks, particularly American banks, to expand their sources of funding and reach a more extensive customer base while offering investors a diverse set of investment options. By issuing these certificates of deposit in the US market, non-US banks can raise capital in US dollars, which is highly beneficial for financing international operations and capitalizing on favorable interest rate differences. Furthermore, Yankee CDs present a significant investment opportunity for US investors, as they often provide higher yields compared to domestic CDs, and promote globalization and increased cooperation between international financial institutions.


The Yankee Certificate of Deposit (YCD) serves as a valuable financial instrument for both foreign banks and investors looking to diversify their investment portfolios and access the U.S. market with ease. Institutions offering these CDs usually operate outside the United States and intend to expand their operations to the U.S. market. By issuing YCDs, these foreign banks can efficiently raise funds in U.S. dollars while offering attractive, federally insured fixed-income investment options to potential investors. Investors benefit from the relatively low-risk product, with the added advantage of asset diversification and potential returns driven by market and currency fluctuations.

Yankee Certificates of Deposit primarily benefit foreign investors and depositors who are keen to invest in a stable currency and gain exposure to the U.S. market. YCDs are usually issued with terms ranging from a few months to several years, enabling investors to align the investment with their financial planning objectives. Additionally, these instruments tend to offer higher interest rates when compared to domestic certificates of deposit, making them an appealing alternative for those pursuing higher returns. It is important to bear in mind the potential risks surrounding factors like foreign exchange rate fluctuations and changes in the economic conditions of the issuing institution’s home country.

Overall, though, Yankee Certificates of Deposit present a distinctive avenue for both financial institutions and investors to tap into the vast opportunities provided by the U.S. financial market.


Yankee Certificates of Deposit (CDs) are issued by foreign banks in the United States, allowing them to access the U.S. market and obtain dollar-denominated funds. Here are three real-world examples:

1. In 2016, Japan’s Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation (SMBC) issued a $2 billion Yankee CD. The bank utilized the funds raised to support its overseas business expansion and further strengthened its U.S. dollar funding base. The issuance of this Yankee CD allowed SMBC to diversify its sources of funding and maintain a strong presence in the U.S. market.

2. In February 2015, National Australia Bank (NAB) successfully sold a $2.5 billion Yankee Certificate of Deposit. This issue was part of NAB’s strategy to optimize its funding requirements and efficiently raise capital in foreign markets as well as secure competitive dollar-denominated funds.

3. During the 2008 financial crisis, Banco do Brasil, a state-controlled bank from Brazil, entered the U.S. market and issued a Yankee Certificate of Deposit to take advantage of lower funding costs. As the Brazilian currency weakened against the dollar, the bank turned to the U.S. market to secure dollar-denominated funding at a relatively lower cost than in the domestic market.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Yankee Certificate of Deposit?

A Yankee Certificate of Deposit (Yankee CD) is a type of certificate of deposit issued by a foreign financial institution, typically a bank, in the United States. It is denominated in U.S. dollars and subject to U.S. banking regulations.

Who issues Yankee Certificates of Deposit?

Yankee CDs are typically issued by foreign banks or financial institutions that have established themselves within the United States. They issue the CDs in U.S. dollars and must obtain approval from the Federal Reserve to operate within U.S. financial markets.

Why would investors be interested in Yankee CDs?

Investors may be interested in Yankee CDs for a variety of reasons, such as diversifying their portfolio by investing in foreign banks or seeking potentially higher yields than those offered by domestic banks. Additionally, Yankee CDs are denominated in U.S. dollars, which may provide a level of currency stability for investors.

How do Yankee Certificates of Deposit work?

Yankee CDs work similarly to domestic CDs: the investor deposits a specific amount of money with the issuing bank for a fixed term, and in return, the bank guarantees a pre-determined interest rate. Upon maturity, the investor receives the principal amount back along with any accrued interest. The main distinction from domestic CDs is that the issuing bank is a foreign entity.

Are Yankee CDs insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)?

Although Yankee CDs are issued by foreign banks in the United States, they may not be insured by the FDIC. It is essential for investors to thoroughly research and understand the specific risks associated with the foreign bank issuing the Yankee CD before investing.

What is the minimum investment for a Yankee CD?

The minimum investment for a Yankee CD can vary depending on the issuing bank. However, typically, the minimum investment is higher than that of domestic CDs and can range from $100,000 to $1,000,000 or more.

What are the maturity periods for Yankee CDs?

Yankee CDs can have various maturity periods, from short-term (30 days) to long-term (up to five years or more), depending on the issuing bank and investor preferences. The interest rate generally increases with the term length.

What are the risks associated with investing in Yankee CDs?

Risks associated with investing in Yankee CDs include credit risk (the potential for the foreign bank to default), currency risk (for investors not using U.S. dollars), and potential lack of FDIC insurance. Investors should carefully consider these factors and conduct appropriate due diligence before making a decision.

Related Finance Terms

  • Foreign currency-denominated deposit
  • U.S. banks issuing CDs
  • Fixed interest rate
  • Short-term investments
  • Financial Regulation (Regulation D)

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