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Working Tax Credit (WTC)


Working Tax Credit (WTC) is a government-funded financial support system designed for people with low income, either employed or self-employed. The amount you receive is calculated based on your income and circumstances, such as the number of hours you work and whether you have dependent children. It is part of the system of tax credits in the United Kingdom, intended to provide incentives for people to work.


The phonetics of “Working Tax Credit (WTC)” are:Working: /ˈwɜːrkɪŋ/Tax: /tæks/Credit: /ˈkrɛdɪt/WTC: /ˈdʌbl̩ ju ti ˈsi/

Key Takeaways

<ol> <li>Working Tax Credit (WTC) is a government financial support system intended for individuals and families on low incomes. It is designed to provide an incentive for people to either remain in work or take up employment. This is an important scheme to fight against in-work poverty.</li> <li>Eligibility for Working Tax Credit varies based on factors like the claimant’s age, work hours, income, and whether they have children or any disability. It’s not automatic, therefore individuals who think they may be entitled to WTC must proactively apply.</li> <li>The amount of Working Tax Credit a person can get is subject to their exact circumstances. The payment is made directly to the claimant’s bank account and can be received either weekly or monthly. The tax credit payments will likely reduce any other benefits you receive.</li> </ol>


Working Tax Credit (WTC) is an important term in business/finance because it is a government-provided financial support for individuals and families with low income, particularly those who are either employed or self-employed. The importance of WTC lies in its role in easing the economic burden on these people, aiming to encourage and incentivize more people to work, even if the income from their jobs would otherwise not be sufficient to support their standard of living. Its significance extends not only to the individuals who receive the credit, but also to the broader economy, as it helps to maintain workforce participation and purchasing power among all social strata, thus promoting economic stability and prosperity.


The working tax credit (WTC) is a provision introduced to facilitate lower-income earners and to motivate them to stay in employment or seek work. The purpose of WTC is to seamlessly transition individuals and families from a state of unemployment and welfare dependence to gainful employment. The tax credit essentially reduces the amount of income tax that needs to be paid and, in some instances, someone might be entitled to more credits than they owe in taxes, which results in the extra being refunded. WTC supports those who may be handicapped by low income but are engaged in paid work. WTC plays a vital role as a fiscal policy tool, used by governments to ensure income equality and stimulate economic growth. It acts as a safety net for those on low income, creating a more conducive environment for them to work, without the fear of not meeting the basic needs. Also, it is used for encouraging parents to return to work post-childhood by offering extra allowances like help with childcare costs. The tax credit enhances the welfare system by offering means-tested benefits to the working poor who adjust their working hours to accommodate low wages.


1. Small Business Owners: A baker running their own small business of baking and selling cookies may be eligible for Working Tax Credit. Although they work full-time on their business, their income might not be very high. With the assistance of WTC, they can receive financial support, reducing their tax liability and helping them to sustain their enterprise.2. Freelance Workers: A freelance graphic designer who’s not employed by any company but works on individual projects may be eligible for Working Tax Credit. The irregular nature of their employment and income could often make it challenging for the freelancer to make ends meet. Applying for WTC can provide financial relief in the form of a credit that could either reduce the amount of taxes they owe or perhaps even result in a refund.3. Part-Time Employees: A single mother working part-time at a local supermarket might be eligible for Working Tax Credit. Her income might not be sufficient to raise her child due to her part-time hours, making her a suitable candidate for WTC. This supplement to her income can help ensure she’s able to afford the costs of childcare and essential household expenses.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Working Tax Credit (WTC)?

Working Tax Credit (WTC) is a form of state financial support for people who are on a low income, whether they are employed or self-employed. It’s designed to encourage work and help boost the income of individuals and families.

Who is eligible for the Working Tax Credit?

To be eligible for WTC, you must work a certain number of hours a week, you must get paid for the work you do, and your income must be below a certain level.

How can I apply for a Working Tax Credit?

You can apply for Working Tax Credit via your local tax office or department. It often requires filling out an application form where you provide specific details related to your working hours, income, and personal information.

How is the Working Tax Credit paid?

Working Tax Credit is typically paid directly into the claimant’s bank or building society account. It can be paid weekly or every four weeks, depending on your preference.

Can a self-employed person qualify for Working Tax Credit?

Yes, self-employed people could be eligible for Working Tax Credit. However, they must meet the qualifying remunerative work criteria, which means their work must be expected to pay at least the national minimum wage.

Can I receive Working Tax Credit while receiving other benefits?

Yes, you can receive WTC while receiving other benefits; it doesn’t necessarily affect the other benefits you may be eligible to receive.

What happens to my Working Tax Credit if my circumstances change?

If your circumstances change – for example, your income increases or decreases, you start or stop working, or your family situation changes – you need to inform your tax office right away. Your tax credit entitlement may be adjusted accordingly.

Can pensioners apply for Working Tax Credit?

Yes, but only those who are aged 60 or over and work at least 16 hours per week.

I’m a student, can I claim Working Tax Credit?

Some students can get Working Tax Credit, usually if they are doing a recognised course, are over 16 years old, and either have a disability or have a child.*Please check the rules in your particular country as they may vary.*

Related Finance Terms

  • Income Threshold
  • Eligibility Criteria
  • Benefit Cap
  • Child Tax Credit (CTC)
  • Universal Credit

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