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Working Capital Turnover


Working Capital Turnover is a financial ratio that measures a company’s effectiveness in using its working capital to generate revenue. It’s calculated by dividing the company’s annual sales by its average working capital during the same period. A higher ratio indicates better short-term financial performance and efficiency in managing its current assets and liabilities.


The phonetics of “Working Capital Turnover” are: Working: WUR-kingCapital: KAP-i-tuhlTurnover: TUR-noh-vur

Key Takeaways

Sure, here are three main takeaways:

  1. Measure of efficiency: Working Capital Turnover is a financial efficiency ratio that illustrates the effectiveness of a company in using its working capital. It shows how well a company is utilizing its short-term assets to generate revenue. The higher the ratio, the more effectively a company is using its working capital.
  2. Helps assess liquidity and solvency: This ratio helps investors and creditors understand the company’s liquidity and solvency status. A high turnover ratio could mean the company is being very efficient with its working capital, but it could also suggest that the company is overtrading and may face liquidity problems. On the other hand, a lower turnover ratio may indicate that the company is not efficiently using its working capital, implying excess inventory or poor collection practices.
  3. Industry comparison is important: Finally, it’s important to compare the working capital turnover ratio among companies within the same industry to gain meaningful insight. Different industries have different business models and capital requirements, hence comparing the ratio across industries may not provide accurate conclusions.


The Working Capital Turnover ratio is crucial in business finance as it is a measure of a company’s operational efficiency and short-term financial health. This ratio shows how effectively a company is generating revenue from its working capital (the difference between current assets and current liabilities). A high working capital turnover ratio indicates that the company is managing its short-term assets and liabilities efficiently and generating lots of revenue relative to its working capital, which could lead to improved profitability. Low working capital turnover, on the other hand, may suggest poor financial management or lower business performance, pointing out potential issues that might need immediate management attention. Thus, it’s an important analytical tool for investors, creditors, and internal management.


The purpose of the Working Capital Turnover ratio is to gauge the effectiveness of a firm in using its working capital. This is a financial metric that measures how well a company uses its working capital to support sales. Generally, a higher working capital turnover ratio indicates that a company is more efficient in using its working capital. It reflects a firm’s operational efficiency and short-term financial health.Working Capital Turnover ratio is used by investors and analysts as it delivers insights into the company’s operational efficiency and the management of its short-term assets and liabilities. It not only indicates the company’s liquidity and solvency but also its underlying operational efficiency. By employing this ratio, investors can gain a better understanding of the company’s efficiency in generating sales with its working capital, thus helping them make informed investment decisions.


Working capital turnover is a financial efficiency ratio that indicates how effectively a company is using its working capital to support a given level of sales. Here are three real-world examples:1. Apple Inc.: Tech giant Apple is well-known for its efficient utilization of working capital. The company has a high working capital turnover ratio, meaning it uses its working capital effectively and generates high sales relative to its working capital. This is largely due to its effective inventory management– it’s able to quickly turn over its products, reducing the amount of money tied up in inventory.2. Walmart Inc.: Walmart, being one of the largest retail chains worldwide, has a high working capital turnover due to its efficient operations and high sales volume. Walmart uses its working capital to stock a huge variety of products, which are sold quickly due to Walmart’s high foot traffic, thus turning over its working capital efficiently.3. Boeing Co.: On the contrary, a company like Boeing, which manufactures large, expensive machinery (like aircraft) which have long production cycles, would have a lower working capital turnover ratio. This is because their sales, relative to their working capital (including inventories, accounts receivable, etc.), occur at a slower pace, tying up their working capital for long periods. These examples illustrate how different business models and industries can lead to varied working capital turnover ratios. It’s also important to note that a higher ratio isn’t always better— companies also need adequate working capital to handle unexpected costs or opportunities.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Working Capital Turnover?

It is a financial efficiency ratio that measures how effectively a company uses its working capital to support sales. It demonstrates the relationship between the funds used to finance a company’s operations and the revenues a company generates as a result.

How is Working Capital Turnover calculated?

The ratio is usually calculated by dividing net sales (revenue minus returns, discounts, and allowances) by average working capital for the same period (current assets minus current liabilities).

Why is Working Capital Turnover important?

This ratio provides an understanding of a company’s operational efficiency. High working capital turnover indicates that a company operates efficiently with less working capital while a low ratio can indicate the opposite.

How often should working capital turnover be calculated?

It is generally recommended to calculate this ratio on an annual basis, but businesses might consider more frequent calculations, like quarterly, to keep a closer eye on their operational efficiency.

What is considered a good Working Capital Turnover ratio?

This may vary depending on the industry. However, a higher ratio could indicate better performance because it means the company generates a high level of sales per dollar of working capital invested. Conversely, a lower ratio could be a sign of inefficiency.

Can a high Working Capital Turnover ratio ever be unfavorable?

Yes, a high Working Capital Turnover ratio isn’t always favorable. If the ratio is too high it may indicate that the business is not investing enough in its operations, which could lead to the inability to sustain further growth or fulfill its obligations.

Does the Working Capital Turnover ratio work for every industry?

No, this ratio might not be useful in comparing companies from different industries as the amount of working capital a business requires can vary significantly between different industries.

What should be done if a company’s Working Capital Turnover is consistently low?

Strategies to increase Working Capital Turnover could include increasing sales revenue, reducing current liabilities, or efficient management of current assets. It may also be worth conducting a thorough analysis to identify areas of inefficiency.

Related Finance Terms

  • Current Assets: These are the assets that a company expects to convert into cash within one fiscal year.
  • Current Liabilities: These represent the obligations of the firm that are due within a single operating cycle or within one year, whichever is longer.
  • Net Sales: The total revenue of a business generated by regular operations, minus any returns or refunds. This relates to working capital turnover as it’s used in its calculation.
  • Inventory Turnover: A ratio showing how many times a business’s inventory is sold and replaced over a period. This is relevant as it can impact the working capital required in a business.
  • Liquidity Ratios: A class of financial metrics that are used to determine a company’s ability to pay off its short-terms debts obligations. Working capital turnover is one of these ratios.

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