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In finance, a wedge refers to a pattern observed in trend lines of a financial chart. It develops when the price range narrows over time due to decreasing volatility and may indicate a price reversal if defined by a pair of upward or downward sloping lines. This technical analysis tool is often used by traders to predict future market movements.


The phonetic spelling of “Wedge” is /wɛdʒ/.

Key Takeaways

I’m assuming that you’re asking about a wedge in general terms, a tool that is used to split objects or hold them in place. Here are three primary points:“`html

  1. A wedge is a type of simple machine that transforms the direction and magnitude of a force. It’s meant to amplify the force applied to an object, making tasks like splitting objects or lifting heavy items easier.
  2. Common examples of wedges include knives, axes, teeth, and doorstops. All these objects follow the basic principle of a wedge, where a small input force can be transformed into a larger output force.
  3. Wedges are most effective when they’re made from durable materials with a sharp edge. The effectiveness of a wedge is mainly determined by its inclination, or slope. A steeper slope results in a larger output force.

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The term “Wedge” in business or finance is significant as it refers to a price pattern used by technical analysts and traders for predicting future market movements. Wedges are formed when the price of a security moves between two converging trend lines over time, generally indicating that a breakout is about to occur where price movement will make a sharp move either up or down. Hence, recognizing a wedge pattern can be instrumental in making strategic investment decisions. It helps investors or traders to understand market trends and directions, enabling them to respond proactively to potential profit opportunities or avoid potential losses, making it an essential component of technical analysis in financial trading.


The “wedge” in the realm of business and finance is a term that refers to the area depicted in between the trending support and resistance lines over an asset’s price chart. This technical analysis instrument is particularly imperative because it assists traders in predicting potential price swings in the future. The chart pattern that forms a wedge signifies either an upward or downward price movement, providing investors with clues about buying or selling opportunities.Typically, a falling wedge indicates a bullish scenario, signaling that the asset’s price is expected to surge after the drop. Traders would then observe this as an opportune moment to buy. On the contrary, a rising wedge outlines a bearish forecast, suggesting that following the rise, the price will likely drop, hence signifying a prospect to sell. Therefore, a thorough understanding and careful interpretation of the wedge can be a beneficial tool for investors making strategic trading decisions.


1. Income Tax Wedge: In the world of economics, government policies can inadvertently create a wedge between the gross pay and the net pay of employees, impacting the overall market dynamics. For example, federal and state income tax are considered a wedge as they link people’s earnings to government spending – the higher the taxation, the bigger the difference (or ‘wedge’) between what employers pay and what employees receive.2. Real Estate Pricing Wedges: A real estate listing could be considered a wedge. For instance, if a house is priced at $500,000 but the seller is willing to accept $450,000, a $50,000 pricing wedge is created. This is the difference between the asking price and the price a buyer is willing to pay.3. Trade Wedges: In global trade environments, tariffs and trade barriers can act as a wedge, creating a difference between the price a foreign producer receives and the price the domestic consumer pays. This can potentially disincentivize trade, as the wedge eats into profits for the producer and increases costs for the consumer. For example, if the US imposes tariffs on imported goods from China, it creates a trade wedge that can discourage foreign exports and promote domestic production.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a wedge in finance and business terms?

A wedge in finance and business refers to a technical analysis pattern which displays the contraction of volatility, characterized by converging trend lines over the course of a specific timeframe. It’s often used to predict a breakout, suggesting that the asset’s price will head in the opposite direction after breaking the trend lines.

How many types of wedges are there in technical analysis?

Two types of wedges are commonly recognized in technical analysis – rising wedges and falling wedges. Rising wedges are usually seen in downtrends, whereas falling wedges are found in uptrends.

How does a rising wedge work?

A rising wedge is formed when the market becomes narrower while moving upwards. This trend indicates that the asset’s price volatility is declining. After the wedge has been drawn, technical analysts observe if the price breaks downward out of the pattern, indicating a likely reversal.

What’s a falling wedge?

The falling wedge pattern is observed when prices are in a downward slope but the trend becomes narrower over time. This suggests that the downward movement is losing steam and a bullish reversal may be in offing.

How reliable are wedge patterns in predicting market movements?

Like all technical analysis tools, wedge patterns aren’t perfect and do not always accurately predict future price movements. They should be used in conjunction with other technical analysis tools, market knowledge, and an understanding of the current context of the market.

What’s the timeframe for wedge formation?

Wedges can form over many different timeframes. A wedge may form over a few days in a short-term trend, or it could take a few months to form in a long-term trend. The longer the timeframe, the more reliable the breakout will usually be.

How do I trade using the wedge pattern?

After identifying a wedge, you can prepare a trading strategy based on it. If it is a rising wedge in a downtrend, wait for the price to break downward out of the wedge before selling. For a falling wedge in an uptrend, wait for the price to break upwards out of the pattern before buying.

Related Finance Terms

  • Support and Resistance
  • Bearish Wedge
  • Bullish Wedge
  • Trend Reversal
  • Breakout Trading

Sources for More Information

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