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A warrant is a financial instrument issued by a company that grants the holder the right to buy a specific amount of the company’s stock at a predetermined price, called the exercise price, within a specified time frame. Warrants are generally issued in conjunction with debt securities or preferred stock to make these offerings more attractive to potential investors. Unlike options, warrants are issued by the company itself and the proceeds from exercising warrants benefit the company directly.


The phonetic pronunciation of the keyword “Warrant” is: /ˈwɔrənt/

Key Takeaways

  1. Definition: A warrant is an essential component of an argument that explains the connection between the evidence and the claim. It is an unspoken assumption that underlies logical reasoning, giving the evidence credibility and allowing the claim to be validated.
  2. Types of warrants: There are different types of warrants, including authoritative, substantive, and motivational warrants. Authoritative warrants rely on the reputation and credibility of an expert to support the claim, while substantive warrants are based on facts, statistics, or reasoning. Motivational warrants depend on the audience’s emotions or values to make the claim convincing.
  3. Importance in argumentation: Warrants play a crucial role in building strong, persuasive arguments. Understanding and effectively utilizing warrants can help create a compelling argument by establishing the connection between the evidence and claim, making it more likely for the audience to accept the conclusion.


Warrants are important in the realm of business and finance as they provide investors with a unique opportunity to profit from a company’s growth. These financial instruments grant the holder the right, but not the obligation, to purchase a company’s shares at a pre-determined price (known as the exercise price) before the warrant’s expiration date. By offering warrants, companies can attract investors seeking potential returns on their investments while also raising capital to finance their operations and growth. Additionally, because the exercising of warrants leads to an increase in the number of shares outstanding, the company can also benefit from a dilution of ownership. Warrants thus serve as a valuable financial tool for both investors and businesses, promoting growth, expanding capital, and fostering shareholder confidence.


Warrants serve a vital purpose for both issuers and investors in the finance and business world, as they provide an attractive component to entice potential investors. Essentially, a warrant gives the holder the right, but not the obligation, to purchase an underlying security, usually shares of the issuer’s common stock, at a predetermined price (exercise price) and before an expiration date. Issuers typically use warrants to sweeten the deal when raising capital through debt or equity offerings, as it provides investors with an opportunity to benefit from the potential growth of the company and effectively lower their risk exposure. Warrants can be attached to bonds, preferred stocks, or even issued as standalone instruments, and can be traded on secondary exchanges. It is worth highlighting that warrants act as a valuable tool for the issuer to raise additional capital when exercised, as the funds are directly infused into the workflow of the business. Investors who hold warrants can also benefit on multiple fronts. First, warrants allow them to leverage their position in the company, as the ability to purchase the shares at a predetermined price could lead to substantial gains if the stock price apprecends over time. Additionally, warrants offer a certain degree of downside protection because they are generally detachable from the original instrument and can be sold separately, which enhances the liquidity of the investment. Finally, in case the stock performs poorly, the investor can choose not to exercise the warrant and, as a result, they would only lose the cost of the warrant itself. Despite some similarities with call options, it’s important to note the differences in terms of longer expiration timeframes and that they result in new shares issued upon exercise, potentially leading to dilution of earnings for the existing shareholders. Overall, the purpose of warrants revolves around facilitating capital raising for issuers and providing investors with a means of participating in the potential upside of a company’s growth.


1. Tesla Warrants: In 2014, Tesla issued convertible senior notes worth $1.38 billion, which included an offering of warrants. These warrants provided a right, but not the obligation, for investors to purchase Tesla stock at a predetermined price ($560.64 per share) before they expire in 2019 and 2021 for different tranches. The warrants gained significant value as Tesla’s stock price rose, giving investors the opportunity for a profitable trade. 2. Bank of America Warrants: During the 2008 financial crisis, Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway provided Bank of America with a $5 billion investment in preferred shares. As part of this deal, Berkshire Hathaway also acquired warrants that allowed the company to buy 700 million shares of Bank of America stock at $7.14 per share. The stock price eventually rose, and Berkshire Hathaway successfully exercised its warrants in 2017 to become the largest shareholder in Bank of America. 3. London Mining Warrants: In 2013, London Mining, an iron ore mining company, issued $110 million convertible bonds to refinance its debt and fund its operations. The bonds came with attached warrants that allowed bondholders to acquire additional equity in London Mining at a set price of £0.71 per share. However, the company faced financial pressures due to a slump in iron ore prices and declared bankruptcy in 2014, resulting in the warrants becoming worthless.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a warrant in finance and business terms?
A warrant is a financial instrument issued by a company that gives the holder the right, but not the obligation, to buy a specific number of shares in the issuing company at a predetermined price, known as the exercise price, within a certain time frame.
How does a warrant differ from an option?
While both options and warrants give the holder the right to purchase shares at a predetermined price, options are typically issued by an exchange or other financial parties, whereas warrants are directly issued by the company. Additionally, warrants usually have longer expiration dates compared to options.
What is the exercise price?
The exercise price, also known as the strike price, is the fixed price at which the warrant holder can buy the underlying shares. The exercise price is predetermined at the time of issuance.
What is the expiration date for a warrant?
The expiration date is the date after which the warrant becomes worthless if not exercised. Expiration dates for warrants can vary depending on the terms set by the issuing company, but they typically range from 1 to 10 years.
How do warrant holders make a profit?
Warrant holders can make a profit when the current market price of the underlying shares rises above the exercise price before the expiration date. After exercising the warrant, the holder can either sell the shares for a higher price or hold them to realize potential further capital appreciation.
Can a warrant be traded in the stock market?
Yes, warrants are usually tradeable and can be bought or sold in the stock market like any other security. The trading price of a warrant depends on various factors such as the underlying share price, time remaining until expiration, and volatility of the underlying asset.
Are there any risks associated with warrants?
Warrants come with inherent risks, such as price fluctuations in the underlying asset, changes in the company’s financial position, or the possibility of the warrant expiring worthless. Investors should carefully consider these risks before investing in warrants.
What are the two main types of warrants?
There are two main types of warrants: call warrants and put warrants. A call warrant gives the holder the right to buy shares at the exercise price, whereas a put warrant gives the holder the right to sell shares at the exercise price. Call warrants are the most common type.
Why do companies issue warrants?
Companies issue warrants to raise capital, incentivize employees, or attract new investors. Warrants can be used to raise funds by attaching them to newly issued bonds or stocks, making the deal more attractive for investors.

Related Finance Terms

  • Stock options
  • Exercise price
  • Expiry date
  • Dilution
  • Convertible securities

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