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Voluntary Trust


A voluntary trust, in the financial context, refers to a legal agreement where a person, known as a ‘trustor’ , willfully transfers assets to a trust managed by a ‘trustee’ for the benefit of third-party ‘beneficiaries.’ The trustor initiates this transfer completely out of their own free will, hence the term ‘voluntary.’ The trustor specifies the terms and conditions under which the beneficiaries will receive benefits from the trust.


The phonetic pronunciation of the phrase “Voluntary Trust” would be: voh-luhn-ter-ee truhst.

Key Takeaways

  1. Voluntary Trust Encourages Cooperation: At its core, voluntary trust is about developing relationships that are based on respect and honesty. These relationships are built on the mutual understanding that all parties will act in the best interests of one another. This level of cooperation is essential in many social, personal, and professional contexts.
  2. Voluntary Trust fosters a Positive Environment: Environments that are built on voluntary trust tend to be more positive and productive. This is because when people feel that they can trust others, they are more likely to take risks, innovate, and share ideas. Therefore, voluntary trust can lead to a more dynamic and creative environment.
  3. Voluntary Trust enhances Reputation: Organizations or individuals that are known for their trustworthiness tend to have a better reputation. Voluntary trust can thus enhance one’s standing among peers, customers, and stakeholders. Achieving a status of being trusted also leads to higher loyalty and better long-term relationships.


The business/finance term “Voluntary Trust” is important because it represents a legal arrangement where a trust is established on a voluntary basis by a person (the trustor) who transfers assets to a trustee to manage for the benefit of specified beneficiaries. Voluntary trusts allow for better financial planning and asset protection. It gives the trustor the ability to control how and when their assets are distributed, which can be advantageous for estate tax purposes, avoiding probate, preserving confidentiality, and providing financial support for dependants or charities. This aspect of financial management can significantly impact wealth preservation and strategic succession planning, thereby enhancing stability and security. Hence, understanding and efficiently utilizing voluntary trusts can be critically significant in both personal and business finance contexts.


The primary purpose of a voluntary trust, often used in the realms of business and finance, is to protect and manage assets. Individuals or entities set up these types of trusts to ensure a smooth transition of assets, whether real estate, investments, or money, to beneficiaries. This structure provides a degree of control over how and when assets are distributed, which can be advantageous if the beneficiaries are minor or not equipped to handle a large amount of money or assets immediately. Additionally, through a trust, creators can dictate specific conditions for asset distribution, making sure these properties are used as per their wishes.In the context of businesses, voluntary trusts can serve multiple purposes, including tax planning, maintaining privacy, and safeguarding assets from potential creditors. By avoiding the public process of probate, a voluntary trust ensures that the financial matters of the entity or individual remain confidential. Moreover, a well-structured voluntary trust can minimize the tax burden by preventing the lump sum inheritance from being taxed heavily. Hence, voluntary trusts are not only useful tools to carry on one’s legacy but also strategic financial planning instruments providing significant benefits.


1. Real Estate Trust: A voluntary trust is often formed when a property owner transfers their property into a trust to manage it more efficiently or for estate planning reasons. This can be seen in the form of a real estate trust, where the trust’s assets are primarily real estate. The owner voluntarily chooses to place the property in trust and appoints a trustee to manage it according to the stipulated instructions.2. Education Trust: Parents or grandparents often set up voluntary educational trusts for their children or grandchildren. They transfer funds or assets into the trust, which the trustee then uses for the beneficiaries’ educational expenses. This is a common way to ensure that the money will be used specifically for education.3. Revocable Living Trust: This is an example where an individual, often for the purpose of estate planning, voluntarily creates a trust and transfers their assets into it. They retain the right to alter or cancel the trust at any time during their lifetime, hence the name ‘revocable’. This kind of trust helps avoid probate and provides potential tax benefits.Remember, these trusts are considered voluntary because the person creating the trust (grantor) is willingly transferring their assets into the trust, without any legal compulsion to do so.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Voluntary Trust?

A Voluntary Trust is a legal entity that’s created voluntarily by an individual or an organization. The creator, also known as settlor, transfers assets to the trust which is managed by a trustee for the benefit of the trust’s beneficiaries.

Who is involved in a Voluntary Trust?

A Voluntary Trust typically involves three parties: the Settlor (the person who creates the trust), the Trustee (the person, group or entity responsible for managing the trust) and the Beneficiary or Beneficiaries (the person/s or organization/s for whose benefit the trust is managed).

What is the benefit of creating a Voluntary Trust?

Voluntary Trusts are used as a way to protect assets, save on taxes or control the distribution of assets after death. They can help ensure that your wealth is disbursed according to your wishes, potentially avoid probate, and shield your assets from creditors or lawsuits.

Are there different types of Voluntary Trusts?

Yes, there are several types of Voluntary Trusts, including revocable and irrevocable trusts, living trusts, testamentary trusts, and more. The type of trust chosen depends on the creator’s specific intentions and financial situation.

What kind of assets can be held in a Voluntary Trust?

Nearly any type of asset can be held in a Voluntary Trust. This includes physical assets like real estate and personal property, as well as financial assets like cash, stocks, bonds, and business interests.

How to create a Voluntary Trust?

In order to create a Voluntary Trust, it is usually advised to work with a legal professional who specializes in trust law, as well as a financial advisor who understands the tax implications. The process generally involves drafting a trust document, choosing a trustee, and transferring assets into the trust.

Can a Voluntary Trust be altered or revoked?

This depends on the type of trust; a revocable trust can be altered or revoked by the settlor at any time, while an irrevocable one typically cannot be changed once it’s been created.

What happens to a Voluntary Trust upon the death of the settlor?

The assets in the trust will be distributed to the selected beneficiaries based on the conditions set forth by the settlor. This typically bypasses the probate process.

What is the role of the Trustee?

The Trustee is responsible for managing the assets within the trust according to the terms laid out by the settlor. This can include distributing assets to beneficiaries, paying any expenses related to the trust, and maintaining records of the trust’s activities.

Related Finance Terms

  • Trustee: The individual or organization that manages and distributes the assets of a voluntary trust.
  • Beneficiary: The person or organization who receives the assets or profits from a voluntary trust.
  • Trust Agreement: The written legal document that establishes the voluntary trust and its terms and conditions.
  • Trust Fund: The collection of assets (cash, stocks, bonds, property, etc.) that form part of a voluntary trust.
  • Fiduciary Duty: The legal obligation of a trustee to act in the best interests of the beneficiary/beneficiaries in a voluntary trust.

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