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Voluntary Conveyance


Voluntary conveyance is a financial term that refers to the intentional transfer of property from one person to another without any compensation. It typically occurs through gifting or donation. This legal process does not involve any force or fraud and is completely based on the owner’s free will.


The phonetic pronunciation of “Voluntary Conveyance” is:”vɒləntri: kən’veɪəns”

Key Takeaways

  1. Voluntary conveyance refers to the legal process of willingly transferring property or assets from one party to another. This is typically done through deeds, gifts, or wills, and involves the owner’s conscious decision to give up their claim to a piece of property.
  2. One of the key aspects of voluntary conveyance is the benefit of choice. The transferor, or property owner, maintains control over whom they want to transfer their property to, and under what conditions. This allows for flexibility and personal choice in the real estate process.
  3. The legal documentation in voluntary conveyance is vital for the prevention of potential fraud or disputes. In many cases, the process involves a legal document known as a deed of conveyance, which includes specifics such as the name of the transferor and transferee, description of the property, and the date of transfer. This document serves as proof of property ownership transfer.


Voluntary Conveyance is a significant business/finance term because it denotes a deliberate act of transferring property or rights from one individual or entity to another. It plays an essential role in real estate and lending sectors, including secured transactions where it is often used to avoid a foreclosure procedure, thus potentially preserving the borrower’s credit score. It is a peaceful and consensual process that helps reduce conflicts and legal disputes over property ownership. Furthermore, for businesses, it provides a mechanism to manage their assets effectively, improve liquidity and financial stability, while also offering a means to reduce administrative workload and costs. All these factors make Voluntary Conveyance an important concept in business and finance.


Voluntary conveyance is a finance/business term that typically pertains to the realm of real estate and property ownership. It refers to the process where an owner willingly transfers their interest or rights in a property to another party without a forceful transaction, coercion, or a court order. This is in contrast to involuntary conveyance where property rights are transferred due to situations like foreclosures, eminent domain or bankruptcy cases.The purpose of voluntary conveyance is to allow property owners to control the transition or movement of their property ownership. This usually comes into play in situations such as gifting a property to a family member, selling a property, or even transferring ownership into a trust for estate planning. Not only does it help in getting rid of unwanted or unneeded property, but it also allows the previous owner to have control over who receives the property. This type of transaction is also typically quicker and easier as it bypasses most of the legal ramifications associated with involuntary conveyance.


1. Home Foreclosures: A person might use voluntary conveyance when they can no longer afford their home mortgage payments and wish to avoid having a foreclosure on their credit report. They might negotiate with their bank to allow a deed in lieu of foreclosure, which is a type of voluntary conveyance. In this instance, they voluntarily transfer the ownership of the property to the bank to satisfy the loan that’s in default and avoid foreclosure proceedings. 2. Liquidating Business Assets: In a struggling business scenario, the business owner may choose to voluntarily convey certain assets to creditors to satisfy outstanding debts. For instance, if a restaurant owner knows the business is failing, they might use voluntary conveyance to give the property to their major creditors. This process may prevent further legal action or bankruptcy.3. Divorce Settlements: In divorce settlements, one partner can use voluntary conveyance to transfer property or assets to the other partner. For example, if a house is primarily in one spouse’s name, and as part of the divorce settlement, the house is to become the property of the other spouse, the spouse whose name is on the house can voluntarily convey the property to the other spouse.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Voluntary Conveyance?

Voluntary Conveyance refers to the transfer of ownership of a property from one person to another individual, typically through a deed, where the property owner willingly agrees to the transfer.

Is voluntary conveyance considered a legal process?

Yes, voluntary conveyance is a legal process and often involves the drafting and signing of official paperwork, typically a deed, to indicate the transfer of ownership.

What kind of property can be transferred via Voluntary Conveyance?

Any kind of real property, such as residential homes, commercial properties, land, etc., can be transferred via Voluntary Conveyance.

Does Voluntary Conveyance alter the obligations of the original owner towards any mortgage or liens on the property?

Voluntary Conveyance does not automatically clear existing liens or mortgages. The new owner often assumes responsibility for existing obligations unless otherwise agreed upon in the terms of the conveyance.

How does Voluntary Conveyance differ from Involuntary Conveyance?

Voluntary Conveyance is when a property owner willingly decides to transfer ownership, usually via a deed. Involuntary conveyance is when property is transferred without the owner’s consent, such as in the cases of foreclosures, condemnations, or transfers upon death.

Do I need a lawyer for a Voluntary Conveyance?

While it’s not legally required, it is often advisable to have a lawyer oversee the process to ensure that all paperwork is completed correctly and the transfer is done in accordance with the local property laws.

What are potential problems or issues that could arise from Voluntary Conveyance?

Potential issues could include disagreements about the property’s value, disputes over existing liens or mortgages on the property, claims by third parties, and possible tax implications.

Related Finance Terms

  • Foreclosure
  • Deed in Lieu
  • Real Estate Ownership
  • Mortgage Lender
  • Property Title Transfer

Sources for More Information

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