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Volume Price Trend Indicator (VPT)


The Volume Price Trend Indicator (VPT) is a technical analysis tool used to measure the cumulative increase or decrease in trade volume based upon the significant price movements of a security. It involves the combination of price trend and volume to ascertain the flow of money. When VPT moves upwards, it suggests a price uptick supported by volume, while a downward shift implies a price decrease paired with volume.


“Volume Price Trend Indicator (VPT)” in phonetics would be: “Vawl-yuhm Prahys Trend Ihn-di-key-tuhr (Vee-Pee-Tee)”

Key Takeaways

  1. Measurement of Price Changes: VPT Indicator is a form of technical analysis that uses volume data in conjunction with price data to measure the strength of price changes. It is a cumulative indicator, meaning it adds or subtracts a multiple of the percentage change in share price trend and current volume, depending upon their upward or downward movements.
  2. Signal for Buy or Sell: The VPT indicator can provide signals to buy or sell. When the VPT indicator rises higher than the prior level, but prices are comparatively lower, it may suggest to buy. Conversely, if the VPT indicator falls lower than its preceding figure and prices are higher, it may indicate a sell-off.
  3. Divergence Identification: VPT Indicator can help identify divergence. Divergence is a situation when the indicator and price are moving in opposite directions. This may potentially indicate an upcoming price change or reversal. For instance, if the price of an asset is increasing but the VPT is decreasing, it is a divergence that may signal a future price drop.


The Volume Price Trend Indicator (VPT) is an important tool in business/finance as it combines price and volume to assess the force or strength behind market movements. The indicator’s primary function is to identify and confirm price trends, providing valuable insights to investors and traders. By considering both price changes and the total trading volume, the VPT helps to reveal the intensity of buying or selling pressure. A rise in the VPT could indicate strong buyer demand and a potential bullish trend, while a decrease could suggest strong seller pressure and a potential bearish trend. In this way, using the VPT can facilitate more informed decisions and investment strategies.


The Volume Price Trend Indicator (VPT) is a technical analysis tool that combines price and volume to assess the strength of price movements. The main purpose of the VPT is to help analysts and traders identify the trend of a security by examining its supply and demand dynamics. This indicator essentially uses the principle that changes in volume often precede shifts in price, making it a valuable tool for detecting possible trend reversals in advance. VPT is commonly used in market analysis to provide a cumulative volume that adds or subtracts a multiple of the percentage change in share price trend and current volume, depending on the movement of the security. This helps traders to identify buying or selling pressure, thus giving them indications of potential reversals or continuations of trends. Essentially, it provides traders and investors with a deeper understanding of market activity, which in turn allows for informed decision making in terms of buying, selling, or holding a particular security.


1. Stock Market Trading: One place the Volume Price Trend Indicator (VPT) is used daily is in the stock market. For instance, a stock trader would use the VPT to decide when to buy or sell shares by evaluating the direction of the trend. If the VPT indicates a positive trend for a certain stock, the trader would consider buying the shares, hoping to sell them later once the price increases. If the indicator shows a negative trend, they would avoid purchasing more shares or consider selling the ones they currently hold.2. Commodities Trading: In commodities trading, like crude oil, gold, or agricultural products, traders often use the VPT to help them understand market demand and valuation. For example, when the VPT in crude oil trading indicates a rising volume with increasing prices, this could suggest strong demand, offering traders a buying opportunity. 3. Forex Trading: Forex (foreign exchange) traders also use VPT to guide their currency trading decisions. For instance, if the VPT of the USD/EURO pair is increasing, it would mean that there’s an uptrend, and traders may decide to buy the USD and sell the EURO. Conversely, when it is decreasing, they may decide to sell the USD and buy the EURO. Fear and greed often drive forex markets, and the VPT can help traders cut through the noise and strategize better.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is the Volume Price Trend Indicator (VPT)?

The Volume Price Trend Indicator (VPT) is a technical analysis tool used by traders to determine the balance between supply and demand. It combines price and volume in an attempt to show the direction of price trends.

How does the VPT work?

VPT multiplies the change in price by the volume that occurred during that price change. This gives weight to the volume during a certain period: if the trend is increasing, the VPT would also increase; if the trend is decreasing, then so is VPT.

What kind of information can VPT provide?

VPT can detect emerging trends or warn of extreme conditions. It helps traders understand the force behind a market movement, highlighting the possible sign of a trend reversal.

How do I calculate the Volume Price Trend Indicator?

VPT is calculated by first finding the daily price change percentage, then multiplying this by the volume for that day. The result is then added to the previous day’s VPT.

How do you interpret the VPT?

When the VPT is moving in the same direction as prices, it confirms the current trend. If the VPT begins to move in a direction that diverges from the price trend, it can suggest a potential price trend change.

Can VPT be used as a standalone indicator?

While VPT can give useful insights into a security’s price and volume, like any technical analysis tool, it’s most effective when used in combination with other indicators.

Can VPT be used for all types of financial markets?

Yes, VPT can be applied to any market where price and volume data is available, including cryptocurrency markets, stock markets, futures, etc.

What are the limitations of the Volume Price Trend Indicator?

Like all indicators, VPT isn’t foolproof. It can sometimes give false signals, suggesting a trend change when the price continues in its previous direction. Technical analysis involves interpreting complex signals and often requires subjective judgement.

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