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Voidable Contract


A voidable contract is a legal agreement that can be invalidated by one party without facing any penalties. It’s valid and enforceable until one party chooses to void or cancel it due to certain issues or circumstances. Issues might include instances of misrepresentation, fraud, undue influence, duress, breach of trust or incapacity.


The phonetics for the keyword “Voidable Contract” is: Voidable – /voi-duh-buhl/Contract – /kən-trakt/

Key Takeaways

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  1. Voidable contracts are legally enforceable agreements, but they may be voided by one party. The contract is binding unless the party entitled to reject it chooses to do so.
  2. In order to qualify as voidable, the contract must contain a defect related to the manner in which it was formed or to the nature of one party’s assent. These defects could include misrepresentation, duress, undue influence, or a party’s legal incapacity to enter the contract.
  3. If a voidable contract is rejected by the aggrieved party, both parties must be restored to their original position prior to the contract, as far as possible. However, if the contract is affirmed, either expressly or by implication, it becomes binding and can no longer be voided.

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A Voidable Contract is a critical term in business and finance as it refers to an agreement that can be legally rejected by one party, even though it may seem valid on the surface. This aspect is significant in business because it provides a safeguard to parties who enter into contracts under coercion, misrepresentation, misunderstanding, incapacity, or any inappropriate conditions. Voidable contracts ensure that all parties involved in an agreement are treated fairly and can help prevent legal disputes or conflicts. It also preserves the integrity of commercial transactions by ensuring that agreements are made under ethical circumstances and align with legal requirements. It’s therefore crucial for businesses to understand this concept to protect their interests and avoid entering into potentially disadvantageous contracts.


A voidable contract is a formal agreement between two parties that may be rendered unenforceable for a number of legal reasons. The purpose of this type of contract is not for it to be void, but it provides a legal way out for a party, especially if they lack capacity or if elements of legitimate consent are lacking. For example, contracts entered into by a person with a mental disorder or contracts signed under duress or undue influence can be declared voidable. It is also a significant tool in protecting those incapable of making fully informed decisions such as minors.Additionally, voidable contracts are used to maintain fairness and equity in business transactions. If a contract is identified as voidable, it may be rescinded by the aggrieved party. This means that the aggrieved party can cancel the contract, which can potentially terminate further legal liabilities. This aspect of voidable contracts ensures that all parties involved in a trade are offered a certain level of protection from exploitation, fraud, or misrepresentation. It essentially helps to uphold ethical standards in business operations.


1. Underage Contract: A real-world example of a voidable contract can be seen when a person under the age of majority (usually 18 years old) signs a contract. Since minors are considered not capable of fully understanding the implications of a contract, they have the right to void the contract if they choose to do so. For instance, a 16-year-old who signs a contract for an automobile loan can decide to void the contract as they are considered underage.2. Contract Signed Under Duress: If a person is forced or threatened into signing a contract, it can be deemed voidable. For example, if an individual is threatened with physical harm unless they sign a rental agreement, they could later invalidate this contract because it was signed under duress.3. Misrepresentation or Fraud: If one party signs a contract based on misleading information or deception from the other party, the deceived party has the right to void the contract. For instance, if a real estate investor is led to buy property based on falsified information about the property’s value presented by the seller, the investor can void the contract after discovering the fraud.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Voidable Contract?

A Voidable Contract is a formal agreement between two parties that may be legally rejected by one or both parties.

How does a Voidable Contract differ from a Void Contract?

Unlike a Void Contract, which is null and void from the very beginning and cannot be executed, a Voidable Contract starts as a valid contract and can be executed if all parties are in agreement.

What makes a contract voidable?

A contract can be rendered voidable due to several reasons, such as misrepresentation, undue influence, or duress, lack of capacity to contract, the contract’s terms being illegal or one party withholding important information.

Can a voidable contract be enforced?

Yes, a voidable contract can be enforced in court unless it has been rejected by the party to whom the option to reject is given. Once it’s rejected, it cannot be enforced.

Who can reject a voidable contract?

Typically, the harmed party or the party that did not cause the contract to be voidable has the right to reject the contract. They can do so at any time before the other party fulfills the contract terms.

What happens when a voidable contract is not rejected?

If a voidable contract is not rejected, it remains valid and can be executed just like any other contract.

How does a Voidable Contract impact a business?

Voidable Contracts can create potential legal challenges or financial liabilities for a business if they’re not carefully handled. They may also affect the overall trust between parties involved in a business transaction.

Can a Voidable Contract be rectified?

Yes, often a voidable contract can be rectified if the party at fault corrects the issue that led to the contract being voidable in the first place. For example, if there was misrepresentation, correcting that misrepresentation could rectify the contract.

How can a business avoid entering into Voidable Contracts?

Businesses should ensure they have a clear understanding of the legal principles of contract law, and seek legal counsel where necessary. Other preventive measures include thorough due diligence, transparent communication, and full disclosure of all pertinent information during contract negotiation and signing.

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