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Vice Fund


A Vice Fund is a mutual fund that primarily invests in sectors considered immoral or ethically controversial by some, such as alcohol, gambling, tobacco, and defense/weapons industries. The strategy is based on the belief that these industries tend to remain robust or even outperform during both economic booms and downturns. Also known as “sin stocks,” these funds can offer investors substantial returns but can be controversial due to the nature of the industries involved.


The phonetics of “Vice Fund” is: vahys fuhnd.

Key Takeaways


Targeted Investment: Vice Fund primarily focuses on investing in sectors often considered controversial. The fund targets industries like tobacco, alcohol, defence/weaponry, and gaming/casino industries, believing that these “sin sectors” are likely to offer sustainable revenues regardless of the economic climate.


Resistance to Economic Downfalls: As the primary industries targeted by the Vice Fund tend to be resilient to economic downturns, this fund could potentially offer stability in times of financial instability. People are presumed to continue consuming alcohol and tobacco, or indulge in gaming even during a recession, providing a consistent return on investments.


Moral Considerations: Potential investors should consider their own ethical stance before investing in the Vice Fund due to its primary investment categories. While the fund can provide strong returns, some may be uncomfortable profiting from industries associated with addiction, war, or other negative societal impacts.


A Vice Fund is an important concept in business/finance because it refers to a mutual fund that invests in industries often considered unethical or undesirable, such as tobacco, alcohol, gambling, or defense industries. The importance of a Vice Fund lies in its potential to provide strong returns on investments, as these industries tend to be resilient, remaining profitable even during market downturns or economic recession. Investors may be attracted to Vice Funds for their financial performance, however they must also consider the moral or ethical implications associated with investing in such sectors. Hence, the concept of Vice Fund underscores the potentially complex interplay between ethics and profitability within investment decisions.


The Vice Fund is a sector-specific mutual fund that is primarily used for investment in the stocks and securities of companies engaged in what is often referred to as ‘vice’ or ‘sin’ industries – such as tobacco, alcohol, gambling, defense/weapons, and adult entertainment. This type of fund pursues financial gains from businesses that, despite societal disapproval or controversies, continue to net considerable profits employing a strategy known as ‘recession-proof’ since consumption of these products or services tends not to decline during economic downturns. The purpose of the Vice Fund is to provide investors an opportunity to earn higher returns, by investing in these non-cyclical industries. Risks are often lower due to continual demand and profitability of these sectors. Contrary to socially responsible investing, Vice Fund invests in industries regardless of ethical considerations but purely based on their potential financial returns. Despite the moral and ethical debates surrounding vice funds, they remain an attractive and popular investment option owing to their robust and consistent performance over time.


A Vice Fund, in financial terms, refers to a mutual fund that invests in industries often regarded as immoral or unethical, including the alcohol, tobacco, gambling, and defense industries. The underlying principle is that these vice, or ‘sin’ , industries tend to thrive regardless of the overall economic climate. Here are three real-world examples of Vice Funds:1. USA Mutuals Vice Fund (VICEX): VICEX, currently renamed as the “Barrier Fund” , is one of the most notable Vice Funds in history. Initially launched in 2002, it was designed to invest in businesses involved in the aerospace and defense industries, alcoholic beverages, tobacco, and gaming sectors. 2. AdvisorShares Vice ETF (ACT): ACT is an exchange-traded fund that focuses on investments linked to alcohol, cannabis, and tobacco. By doing this, the fund aims to benefit from the cultural shift towards the legalization and acceptance of certain vices.3. CALVERT VICE FUND: This fund considers the Environmental, Social, and Corporate Governance (ESG) criteria but also invests in sin stocks such as alcohol, tobacco, and gambling. The fund primarily focuses on securities of companies deriving revenue from alcohol and gambling. Please remember that these funds have varying degrees of risk, and one should seek personalized advice from a finance professional before investing.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Vice Fund?

A Vice Fund is a mutual fund that primarily focuses on investing in companies that are in industries often considered unethical or immoral such as alcohol, tobacco, gambling, and defense/weapons-related sectors.

What industries do Vice Funds invest in?

A Vice Fund typically invests in sectors like tobacco, gambling, alcohol, and defense. These sectors are considered recession-proof which means they consistently generate revenue regardless of market conditions.

Does investing in a Vice Fund support unethical practices?

It depends on one’s perception. Investing in a Vice Fund means investing in industries that some view as unethical. However, it’s noteworthy to mention that these industries are legal and heavily regulated.

What is the primary reason someone would invest in a Vice Fund?

The primary reason one might invest in a Vice Fund is for its performance potential. Companies in these vice industries often have stable demand, robust profits and cash flow, and strong balance sheets, leading to attractive investment prospects.

How do Vice Funds perform during economic downturns?

Vice Funds are often considered recession-proof, as the industries they invest in (tobacco, alcohol, gambling, and defense) typically maintain demand regardless of economic conditions. Consequently, these funds may perform better than the broader market during economic downturns.

Can I invest in a Vice Fund if I don’t agree with the industries it is involved in?

Yes, you can invest in a Vice Fund just like any other mutual fund. However, if you have strong ethical or moral convictions against the industries the fund focuses on, you may want to consider other investment options that align with your beliefs.

Are there any risks involved in investing in a Vice Fund?

Like any investment, there are risks. For Vice Funds, these include regulatory risks (tougher laws or bans impacting these industries), reputational risks (negative public opinion impacting profits), and market risks (changes in economic conditions affecting investment returns).

What is the performance history of Vice Fund?

The performance of a Vice Fund can vary widely like any other fund, depending on various factors such as the financial health of the businesses it’s invested in, market conditions, and the fund’s managing strategies. Please consult with a financial advisor or brokerage site for specific performance details.

How can I invest in a Vice Fund?

You can invest in a Vice Fund through a brokerage account. If your brokerage offers this fund, you can buy shares directly. If not, you may need to transfer funds to a brokerage that does. Always consider consulting with a financial advisor before making any investment decisions.

Related Finance Terms

  • Investment Strategy
  • High Dividend Yield
  • Socially Responsible Investing (SRI)
  • Consumer Discretionary Sector
  • Portfolio Diversification

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