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United States Natural Gas Fund (UNG)


The United States Natural Gas Fund (UNG) is an exchange-traded fund (ETF) that offers investors exposure to natural gas. The fund tracks the price movements of natural gas delivered at the Henry Hub, Louisiana, through futures contracts traded on the New York Mercantile Exchange. It’s designed to provide an easy way for investors to capitalize on short-term rises or falls in natural gas prices.


The phonetics for the keyword “United States Natural Gas Fund (UNG)” would be:”You-nigh-ted States Nat-your-al Gas Fund (Yoo-En-Jee)”

Key Takeaways

  1. Type of Fund: UNG is an exchange-traded fund (ETF) traded in the United States. It is designed to track the performance of natural gas markets by investing in natural gas futures contracts.
  2. Risk and Volatility: UNG is generally considered a high-risk investment due to the volatility of natural gas prices. A variety of factors such as weather conditions, production levels, storage data, and broader economic conditions can cause price fluctuations.
  3. Investment Objective: UNG aims to provide investors a cost-effective and convenient way to invest in natural gas. Its primary investment objective is to reflect the daily changes in percentage terms of the price of natural gas delivered at the Henry Hub, Louisiana, as measured by the daily changes in the Benchmark Futures Contract.


The United States Natural Gas Fund (UNG) is a crucial tool in the business/finance world because it provides investors and market participants with a simple and effective way to bet on the price movements of natural gas, without trading futures contracts directly. UNG accomplishes this by holding near-month natural gas futures contracts on the New York Mercantile Exchange. The fund aims to reflect the performance, less expenses, of natural gas. Therefore, UNG plays a significant role in hedging against price risks and allowing investment in the natural gas market, which becomes key in periods of volatility in energy prices or changes in climate policies. Thus, due to its significant function in investment portfolios, understanding UNG is crucial for those involved in energy commodities trading or investment.


The United States Natural Gas Fund (UNG) is an exchange-traded fund (ETF) that is designed to provide investors exposure to natural gas prices. The fund accomplishes this by investing in near month natural gas futures contracts that are traded on the NYMEX. Essentially, the purpose of UNG is to enable individuals and institutional investors to gain direct exposure to variations in the price of natural gas, without requiring them to trade futures contracts or directly own the physical commodity. The UNG’s usefulness is widely recognized by investors who aim to hedge their portfolios against inflation, or wish to speculate on or take advantage of price fluctuations in natural gas. For instance, an investor might consider including UNG in their portfolio when they believe that natural gas prices will rise, or if they seek to insulate their investments against potential increases in energy costs. UNG is essentially used as a tool for diversifying investment portfolios, hedging against inflation risks, and speculating on natural gas price movements.


1. Trading and Investment Example: An investor, interested in speculating on the price of natural gas or using it as a hedge against related positions, may buy shares in the United States Natural Gas Fund (UNG). The performance of these shares directly reflects the performance of the natural gas market, offering the investor the opportunity to benefit from potential increases in natural gas prices without needing to physically own or store natural gas.2. Portfolio Diversification Example: A financial advisory firm advising clients on portfolio diversification might mention the UNG as an option. For a client whose portfolio is heavily invested in stocks or bonds, the advisor may recommend investing a portion into the U.S. Natural Gas Fund. This fund represents a commodity (natural gas), providing a different type of exposure that may help spread the risk and potentially enhance returns if energy prices go up.3. Hedging Example: A company whose operations are heavily dependent on the price of natural gas (like a utility company or a chemical plant) might invest in the UNG to hedge against potential losses if natural gas prices were to skyrocket. By investing in this fund, they could offset the increase in operational costs with the financial gains from their investment.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is the United States Natural Gas Fund (UNG)?

UNG is an exchange-traded security that is designed to track in percentage terms the movements of natural gas prices. It allows investors to gain exposure to the price of natural gas without owning physical gas or futures contracts.

How does UNG work?

UNG works by investing in futures contracts on natural gas traded on the NYMEX that is the near month contract to expire.

How can I buy UNG?

UNG is usually purchased through brokerage accounts like any other publicly traded security.

Who manages UNG?

UNG is managed by United States Commodity Funds LLC.

Is UNG a good investment?

Whether UNG is a good investment or not depends on various factors such as the current and forecasted state of the natural gas market, the investor’s risk tolerance, and the investor’s overall investment strategy.

What are the risks associated with investing in UNG?

The risks associated with investing in UNG include market risk, liquidity risk, regulatory risk, and the risk of investing in futures contracts.

Can I use UNG as a hedge against natural gas price movements?

Yes, UNG can be used as a hedge against natural gas price movements. It provides investors with exposure to daily changes in the price of natural gas futures.

What are the fees associated with UNG?

UNG charges an annual expense ratio for managing the fund. The total annual fund operating expenses is 1.28% as of 2021.

How does UNG handle the roll-over of futures contracts?

UNG typically rolls over its futures contracts over a four-day period, beginning on the sixth business day of the month and ending on the ninth business day of the month.

Can I redeem my UNG shares for natural gas?

No, UNG does not offer the opportunity to redeem shares in exchange for physical natural gas. It is strictly a financial instrument.

How can I track the performance of UNG?

The performance of UNG can be tracked through financial news websites, brokerage accounts, and the fund’s own website. It is also listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol UNG.

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