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Unit Trust (UT)


A Unit Trust (UT) is a form of collective investment constituted under a trust deed. It lets investors pool their money into a single fund, which is then managed by a fund manager who buys shares, bonds, or other assets on behalf of the trust. The UT is split into units, each of which represents a portion of the trust’s portfolio, and investors acquire units whose price is proportional to the net value of the assets in the fund.


The phonetic pronunciation of “Unit Trust (UT)” is:/ˈjuːnɪt trʌst/ (yoo-nit truhst), /ˌjuːˈtiː/ (yoo-tee).

Key Takeaways

<ol> <li>Unit Trusts (UTs) Provide Diverse Investment Opportunities: One of the main advantages of investing in unit trusts is the diversity it offers. Funds are spread across various asset classes such as bonds, equities, real estate and commodities, reducing the risk of investing in one company or sector.</li> <li>Unit Trusts are Managed by Professionals: Unit trusts are managed by fund managers who have substantial experience and knowledge in financial markets. They closely monitor market trends and dynamics and make investment decisions on behalf of the investors, alleviating the need for investors to have in-depth financial knowledge themselves.</li> <li>Liquidity: Unit trusts offer a high level of liquidity. Investors can generally buy or sell their unit trusts on any business day, and the proceeds of the sale will typically be available within a few days. This provides investors with relatively easy access to their investments.</li></ol>


A Unit Trust (UT) is of significant importance in business and finance as it provides an avenue for smaller or individual investors to inject their capital into large-scale investments. It works by pooling together funds from various investors and using the aggregate to invest in a diversified portfolio of assets, managed by professional fund managers. This allows investors to benefit from diversified investment that can spread risk, which may not be achievable individually due to high costs or lack of financial acumen. Furthermore, a Unit Trust provides investors the flexibility to buy or sell units at any time based on the current net asset value. Hence, this investment structure plays a critical role in democratizing the investment landscape and enhancing the potential returns for all types of investors.


A Unit Trust (UT) serves a significant purpose in the finance industry by presenting individuals with the opportunity to invest in a wide selection of securities without the need to manage these securities directly. This type of investment vehicle allows small and large investors to participate in the financial markets, diversifying their portfolios while simultaneously spreading risks. It pools investment funds from multiple sources, including corporations and individuals, then uses these funds to purchase a diversified selection of bonds, equities, property, and other types of assets. The use of unit trusts extends beyond just investment diversity and risk management. Owing to their structure, they provide investors with immediate access to experienced fund managers. These professionals apply their expertise when choosing carefully selected investments that align with the trust’s strategy, thereby providing potential growth and income for the unit trust holders. Additionally, a unit trust offers liquidity since units can typically be bought or sold on any business day at a price based on the net asset value of the trust.


1. Vanguard 500 Index Fund: This is an example of Unit Trust that aims to track the performance of the S&P 500, a leading American stock market index. The unit trust allows investors to buy a proportional interest in the portfolios of companies listed in the S&P 500.2. Fidelity European Values PLC: This Unit Trust invests mainly in continental European equities. It seeks to achieve its investment objective by using a variety of techniques such as leveraging to enhance returns, investing in small companies and focusing on sectors with high growth potential such as tech and healthcare.3. Aberdeen Standard Asian Smaller Companies Fund: A unit trust focused on small-cap companies from the Asian region (excluding Japan), providing investors with indirect access to the growth potential of these markets. The trust’s portfolio is diversified across a wide range of industries and countries in Asia.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Unit Trust (UT)?

A Unit Trust (UT) is an investment product created under an arrangement to professionally manage funds pooled from various investors. The funds are then invested in a diversified portfolio of assets such as equities, bonds, securities, and other assets.

How does the Unit Trust work?

Unit Trusts work like a mutual fund. They pool money from numerous investors to create a large fund, which is then managed by professional fund managers who allocate the resource into different investments. The assets are held by a trustee to ensure the fund manager follows the rules of the trust deed.

Are Unit Trusts safe?

Like any investment, Unit Trusts do carry risks. The level of risk is dependent on the specific assets the fund is invested in. As diversified investment products, they spread the risk among various assets which can mitigate potential losses.

How does an investor make money from Unit Trusts?

Investors in a Unit Trust can earn money in two ways – through capital gains, which means the value of the units has increased over time, or through dividends, which are a share of the profits or interest returns from the investment.

Who manages a Unit Trust?

A Unit Trust is typically managed by professional fund managers or an investment company. Their job is to actively manage the fund, strategize on the allocation of funds, and achieve the best potential returns for the investors.

How can I invest in a Unit Trust?

You can buy units from the fund manager or through authorized unit trust distributors. Prior to investing, it is essential to understand the terms and conditions, risks involved, and seek advice if necessary.

Can I withdraw my investment in a Unit Trust at any time?

Yes, typically units can be sold back to the fund at any time. However, there may be charges associated with exiting the fund.

What are the fees associated with investing in a Unit Trust?

The fees can greatly vary. Common fees include initial service charge, annual management fee, trustee fee, and possibly performance-based fees. Always ensure you understand and ask about all fees prior to investing.

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