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Undivided Profit


Undivided profit, also known as retained earnings, is the portion of net income that is retained by a corporation instead of being distributed as dividends to its shareholders. These profits are reinvested back into the company for purposes like paying off debt, making acquisitions or buying new equipment. Essentially, it’s the profit that the company has decided to not divide among shareholders and instead keep for future use.


ʌn-daɪ-ˈvahɪd-ed prɒf-ɪt

Key Takeaways

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  1. Undivided Profit refers to the after-tax profit that a company has at its disposal. It represents the portion of profit that has not been distributed to shareholders as dividends and instead reserved for various purposes such as covering future losses or reinvesting into the business.
  2. Undivided Profits are essential for a company’s growth and stability because they act as an internal source of financing for business expansion, aiding in the development of new products, or undertaking new projects without relying on external funding or incurring additional debt.
  3. A company’s undivided profit is usually visible on its balance sheet under shareholders’ equity. It is usually advisable for companies to retain a portion of their profits to ensure they have a sufficient financial buffer in periods of economic downturn.



Undivided Profit is an important term in business/finance because it represents the residual earnings or profit that a company has after it pays out dividends to its shareholders. This profit is usually reinvested back into the business for expansion, paying off debt or saved as retained earnings. It reflects the company’s financial health and signals its ability for future growth and potential return on investment. The presence of a substantial amount of undivided profits indicates a company’s underlying profitability, financial stability, and provisioning power to declare dividends in the future, making it an attractive prospect for investors and shareholders.


In the realm of finance and business, undivided profit refers to the portion of net earnings that a corporation retains for reinvestment back into the business, rather than distributing it to shareholders as dividends. It is a crucial component of a company’s growth trajectory because it is essentially the profit that the organization decides to keep ‘undivided’ or untouched to serve as a cushion for potential future losses and/or to fund expansion, innovation, or other strategic objectives.Undivided profit serves several purposes. One of the primary purposes it servers is to provide financial stability to the company by offering a safety net in case of unexpected financial setbacks or downturns. It also enables a company to support and finance its own growth without relying on external financing, thereby reducing borrowing costs and potential dilution of ownership. Thus, undivided profit is often carefully monitored by investors and analysts as an indicator of a company’s financial health and its ability to generate shareholder value.


1. Credit Union: Credit unions are cooperative financial institutions that are owned by their members. All profits earned by credit unions are typically returned to their members in the form of lower fees, better interest rates, and improved services. These earnings are often referred to as ‘undivided profits’ because they are shared among all members equally, regardless of the size of their individual deposits or accounts.2. Real Estate Joint Ventures: Real estate joint ventures often operate on the principle of undivided profit. When two or more parties collaborate to purchase, develop, or manage a property, they agree to share the profits in specific proportions. This collective profit is undivided, meaning each party retains a direct, proportionate share of the total returns.3. Partnerships and LLPs: In a partnership firm or a Limited Liability Partnership (LLP), all profits that are not designated to be reinvested into the firm or set as reserves are undivided profits. These profits are distributed among all partners according to their agreed-upon profit-sharing ratio. For example, suppose an investment firm established as an LLP generates a profit of $1 Million in a year after paying all expenses. If there are no reinvestment or reserve considerations, this entire amount is considered undivided profit, distributed among partners.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is an Undivided Profit?

An Undivided Profit refers to the accumulated earnings of a company that haven’t been distributed as dividends among shareholders and instead have been reinvested back into the company.

How is Undivided Profit used in a business?

Businesses usually utilize Undivided Profit for business expansions, product development, research and development, or for reducing outstanding debt.

Is an Undivided Profit the same as a Retained Earnings?

Essentially yes, Undivided Profit is often used interchangeably with the term Retained Earnings. These are profits which the company holds onto, instead of distributing to shareholders as dividends.

Is an Undivided Profit listed on the company’s financial statements?

Yes. An undivided profit usually appears on the company’s balance sheet under shareholders’ equity and is a key component of a company’s financial health.

How does an Undivided Profit influence shareholder value?

Undivided Profits can increase shareholder value as it represents earnings that a company has reinvested in its business or used to pay down debt, both of which can lead to increased company growth and subsequently, increased share price.

How can I calculate Undivided Profit?

Undivided Profit can be calculated by subtracting the total dividends paid from the company’s total earnings, if the company has positive earnings. If the company has a loss, the loss is subtracted from the retained earnings from previous periods.

Can a company with an Undivided Profit be considered more stable?

Not necessarily. While generally undivided profit could be seen as a positive sign of business growth, it is crucial to understand why the company has chosen not to distribute these earnings. In some cases, it could be a sign of cash flow problems or that the company is not generating enough profit to pay dividends.

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