Table of Contents

Uncovered Interest Arbitrage


Uncovered interest arbitrage is a financial strategy where investors take advantage of the difference in interest rates between two countries. They borrow money in the currency with a lower interest rate and invest in the currency with a higher interest rate, without using a forward contract to hedge exchange rate risk. This practice aims to profit from the interest rate differential, while being exposed to potential losses due to exchange rate fluctuations.


The phonetics for the keyword “Uncovered Interest Arbitrage” would be:ʌnˈkʌvərd ˈɪntrəst ˈɑrbɪtrɑʒ

Key Takeaways

  1. Profiting from Differences in Interest Rates: Uncovered interest arbitrage is the practice of taking advantage of differences in interest rates between two countries. Investors often use this strategy to profit from currency movements by borrowing money in a currency with a lower interest rate, investing it in a currency with a higher interest rate, and profiting from the exchange rate fluctuations.
  2. No Hedging Involved: Unlike covered interest arbitrage, which uses forward contracts or other derivatives to hedge against exchange rate risk, uncovered interest arbitrage doesn’t involve hedging. Since the exchange rate risk isn’t hedged, uncovered interest arbitrage is considered riskier than covered interest arbitrage. However, the potential returns can be higher due to the absence of the hedging cost.
  3. Dependent on Expectations and Market Forces: Uncovered interest arbitrage can be affected by changes in exchange rate expectations, central bank policies, and other economic factors. Market participants must continuously evaluate and adjust their positions for the changing Globalmarket conditions and be aware of the risk-reward dynamics within their investments.


Uncovered Interest Arbitrage is an important concept in business and finance as it highlights the potential profit opportunities arising from differences in interest rates between two countries. Investors and financial institutions can take advantage of these discrepancies by borrowing money in a low-interest-rate country and investing it in a high-interest-rate country, without the use of a futures contract to hedge the foreign exchange risk. It plays a crucial role in maintaining equilibrium in the foreign exchange market, as market participants acting on arbitrage opportunities help equalize interest rates across countries. Additionally, Uncovered Interest Arbitrage serves as an indicator of market efficiency, as the presence of persistent arbitrage opportunities may suggest inefficiencies or market barriers. Overall, it is an essential concept for understanding global financial markets, risk management, and investment decision-making.


Uncovered Interest Arbitrage is a financial strategy used by investors and traders to exploit the differences in interest rates between two countries. The purpose of this strategy is to capitalize on the potential for higher returns in one country by investing in debt instruments or deposits denominated in a foreign currency, without the use of a forward contract to hedge against exchange rate risk. This type of arbitrage allows investors to make a profit by borrowing in a currency with low interest rates, converting the funds to a different currency, and then investing in assets with higher interest rates. The potential profit is a result of the difference in interest rates between the two countries, assuming the exchange rate movement remains favorable. However, Uncovered Interest Arbitrage does come with some inherent risks that need to be considered. Chiefly, the major risk associated with this strategy is the fluctuation of exchange rates, as any adverse movement can counteract the gains made on the interest rate differential. This risk arises from the lack of a forward currency contract, which would help to lock in a predetermined exchange rate for the future. As a result, investors who engage in uncovered interest arbitrage must carefully monitor exchange rate trends and market forecasts to navigate through the uncertainties of the global financial markets. Despite the risk, Uncovered Interest Arbitrage remains an attractive strategy for sophisticated investors seeking to take advantage of short-term interest rate disparities and generate returns that could potentially outperform traditional investment avenues.


Uncovered Interest Arbitrage is a strategy used by investors who attempt to profit from differences in interest rates between two countries by borrowing in a currency with a lower interest rate and investing in a currency with a higher interest rate, without using a forward contract to protect against potential fluctuations in exchange rates.Here are three real-world examples: 1. Japan and the United States (in the early 2000s)During the early 2000s, the interest rate on Japanese yen was close to zero, while the interest rate on the US dollar was relatively higher. Investors would borrow Japanese yen at the low-interest rate and convert it to US dollars to invest in the high-interest US Treasury bonds. The investors would then earn the spread between the two interest rates, assuming the exchange rate remained stable. 2. Australia and Switzerland (in the 2010s)In the 2010s, the Swiss franc had a low interest rate due to the Swiss National Bank’s efforts to maintain a cap on the currency. On the other hand, the Australian dollar offered higher interest rates due to a robust economy and demand for its commodities. Investors would borrow Swiss francs at low-interest rates and invest in high-yield Australian dollar bonds. The uncovered interest arbitrage took place as they did not use a forward contract for protection against exchange rate fluctuations. 3. Turkey and Eurozone (in the late 2010s)Towards the end of the 2010s, the Turkish lira had relatively high-interest rates due to factors such as inflation and political issues. On the other hand, The Eurozone’s interest rates were near-zero or even negative in some countries, such as Germany. Investors would borrow in euros at low or negative interest rates, convert them to Turkish lira, and then invest in high-interest rate Turkish government bonds. This is an example of uncovered interest arbitrage where the investors take on the exchange rate risk in the hope of earning a higher return.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Uncovered Interest Arbitrage?
Uncovered Interest Arbitrage is a financial strategy in which an investor takes advantage of interest rate differentials between two countries by borrowing in a country with a lower interest rate and investing in a country with a higher interest rate, without hedging the exchange rate risk. This strategy relies on the assumption that exchange rate movements will offset the returns from the interest rate differential.
What is the main risk associated with Uncovered Interest Arbitrage?
The main risk involved with Uncovered Interest Arbitrage is exchange rate risk. Since the investor does not hedge their foreign exchange exposure, any significant or unfavorable fluctuations in the exchange rate can lead to losses that may offset the gains from the interest rate differential.
How is Uncovered Interest Arbitrage different from Covered Interest Arbitrage?
While both strategies involve profiting from interest rate differentials between countries, the main difference lies in how they manage exchange rate risk. In Covered Interest Arbitrage, the investor hedges their foreign exchange exposure using forward contracts, thereby eliminating exchange rate risk. In Uncovered Interest Arbitrage, however, no such hedge is used, leaving the investor exposed to exchange rate fluctuations.
What is the Uncovered Interest Rate Parity (UIP) theory?
The Uncovered Interest Rate Parity (UIP) theory is an economic concept that states that the expected change in the exchange rate between two countries is equal to the difference in their nominal interest rates. This implies that investors engaging in Uncovered Interest Arbitrage should expect no gains or losses on average, as exchange rate adjustments will offset any potential profits from interest rate differentials.
Can Uncovered Interest Arbitrage be profitable?
While Uncovered Interest Arbitrage has the potential to be profitable if exchange rate movements are favorable, it carries significant risks due to the uncertainty involved in predicting exchange rate fluctuations. As a result, relying on this strategy for long-term profitability may not be advisable for most investors.
Is Uncovered Interest Arbitrage suitable for all investors?
Uncovered Interest Arbitrage may be more suitable for investors with a high-risk tolerance, as it involves taking on exchange rate risk. Those with a lower risk tolerance may prefer strategies like Covered Interest Arbitrage, which hedges exchange rate risk and provides more stable returns.

Related Finance Terms

Sources for More Information

About Due

Due makes it easier to retire on your terms. We give you a realistic view on exactly where you’re at financially so when you retire you know how much money you’ll get each month. Get started today.

Due Fact-Checking Standards and Processes

To ensure we’re putting out the highest content standards, we sought out the help of certified financial experts and accredited individuals to verify our advice. We also rely on them for the most up to date information and data to make sure our in-depth research has the facts right, for today… Not yesterday. Our financial expert review board allows our readers to not only trust the information they are reading but to act on it as well. Most of our authors are CFP (Certified Financial Planners) or CRPC (Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor) certified and all have college degrees. Learn more about annuities, retirement advice and take the correct steps towards financial freedom and knowing exactly where you stand today. Learn everything about our top-notch financial expert reviews below… Learn More