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Term to Maturity


Term to Maturity refers to the amount of time left until the maturity date of a bond, loan, or other financial instrument. It is the period in which the issuer of the debt is obligated to pay back the principal to the holder. This date is often used to calculate yield, interest, and pricing.


The phonetic transcription of the keyword “Term to Maturity” is /tɜːm tuː məˈtjʊəriti/.

Key Takeaways

<ol><li>Term to Maturity refers to the fixed lifespan of an investment such as bond, loan, or other fixed income securities, at the end of which the principal amount invested is expected to be returned to the investor.</li><li>The term to maturity can affect the price and interest rates of securities. Generally, the longer the term to maturity, the higher the interest rate risk, causing a potential for rates to fluctuate or increase.</li><li>Term to Maturity is crucial in determining the yield to maturity or bond equivalent yield, which takes into account the total returns expected if the bond is held until maturity.</li></ol>


Term to Maturity is a crucial term in business and finance as it refers to the duration remaining until a financial instrument such as a bond, loan, or other fixed-income securities becomes due and ought to be paid off. It essentially determines the period within which the investor will get back the principal amount invested. This term influences the risk and return associated with the financial instrument. For instance, long-term securities typically have higher interest rates to compensate for the increased risk of market fluctuations over time. Conversely, short-term securities are often considered less risky due to their shorter timeframes. Therefore, understanding Term to Maturity is necessary for investors and financial professionals to strategize their investments, manage risks, and optimize returns.


The term to maturity is an essential consideration utilized in different aspects of finance such as equity, bonds, mortgage, loans, and more. It plays a crucial role in assessing risk and setting suitable interest rates. Specific to bonds, the term to maturity is central for investors, it helps determine the length they will have their capital invested, the number of interest payments they will receive, and when they can expect repayment of the face value. It also impacts the bond’s sensitivity to interest rate changes, which plays a significant role in investment strategy and risk management. Term to maturity is also invaluable when it comes to bank loans or mortgages. It designates the period a borrower has to pay off the loan or mortgage in full. Typically, a longer term to maturity would mean smaller regular repayments, but a greater total cost due to longer accumulation of interest. Thus, understanding the term to maturity aids borrowers in selecting a suitable loan plan that balances between repayment affordability and overall costs. On the lenders’ end, a longer term to maturity entails more significant risks, hence higher interest rates are usually set to compensate. Therefore, the term to maturity has a direct impact on the cost of borrowing and lending, risk management, and financial planning.


1. Bonds: The most common example of term to maturity is with bonds. When an investor purchases a bond, the institution issuing the bond agrees to pay the investor the initial amount back (known as the principal) at a specific date, known as the maturity date. For instance, if a company issues a 5-year bond worth $1,000, the term to maturity here is 5 years. After this period, the company will pay back the investor their initial $1,000 investment.2. Bank Certificates of Deposit (CDs): With a CD, a client deposits a specific amount of money with a bank for a fixed period (the maturity date), and in return, the bank pays an agreed interest. If one deposits $5,000 in a 2-year CD with an interest rate of 2%, the term to maturity here is 2 years. After two years, the bank will return the initial $5,000 plus the accrued interest.3. Car Loans: Say a person takes out a five-year car loan from a bank. The term to maturity in this situation is five years, which is the period the person will be making the payments on the loan. After five years, the person would have paid off the loan in full, thus reaching its maturity.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Term to Maturity?

Term to Maturity refers to the length of time remaining until a financial instrument, such as a bond or loan, becomes due and is to be paid off or forgiven. It is basically the time period by which an investor should expect to receive the repayment of the principal.

How is term to maturity calculated?

Term to Maturity is calculated from the time of issuance of the financial instrument. It subtracts the current date from the date when the bond or loan is due to be paid off.

How does term to maturity impact the price of bonds?

The term to maturity can significantly impact the price of a bond. Longer terms to maturity usually imply greater risks due to potential changes in interest rates, thus requiring higher yields to attract investors. This can ultimately lower the price of the bond.

Can a term to maturity be extended or shortened?

Generally, the term to maturity is fixed at the time of issuance. However, some bonds come with options that can either extend or shorten the maturity term, such as callable or puttable bonds.

What is the difference between short term and long term maturity?

Short term maturity refers to financial instruments that are due in a short time period, usually less than a year, while long term maturity refers to instruments due in more than a year. Longer-term instruments typically carry higher risks and thus have higher yields.

What happens at the end of the term to maturity?

At the end of the term to maturity, the issuer is obliged to pay back the principal amount to the bondholders or lenders. In the case of bonds, any unpaid interest is also paid out.

What does it mean if a bond is trading at a discount/premium to its term to maturity?

If a bond is trading at a discount to its term to maturity, it means the bond is being sold for less than its face value. If a bond is trading at a premium, it is being sold for more than its face value. This is often a result of changes in interest rates or the creditworthiness of the issuer.

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