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Tenkan-Sen (Conversion Line)


The Tenkan-Sen, also known as the Conversion Line, is a component of the Ichimoku Kinko Hyo indicator often used in technical analysis of financial markets. It is calculated as the average of the highest high and the lowest low over a specified period, typically the past nine periods. This line helps to identify potential areas of support and resistance and can signify potential trend shifts.


The phonetics for “Tenkan-Sen (Conversion Line)” would be “Ten-kahn-Sen (Kuhn-ver-zhun Line)”.

Key Takeaways

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  1. Tenkan-Sen, often known as the Conversion Line, is a fundamental component of the Ichimoku Kinko Hyo indicator. It is used to measure the market’s short-term momentum, and it’s seen as a trigger line for purchase and sell signals.
  2. The Tenkan-Sen is calculated by taking the average of the highest high and the lowest low over the past 9 periods. The line gets plotted on the chart alongside price action, signaling potential changes in the trend when it is crossed by other components of the Ichimoku system.
  3. Generally, when the price is above the Tenkan-Sen, it indicates bullish potential, and when it is below, bearish potential. Moreover, if the Tenkan-Sen crosses above the Kijun-Sen (Base Line), it produces a bullish signal, and if it crosses below, it can act as a bearish signal.



The Tenkan-Sen or Conversion Line is a crucial component of the Ichimoku Kinko Hyo indicator, often used in technical analysis in the field of finance and trading. It’s essentially important because it provides an immediate overview of the market’s equilibrium in terms of price, thus alerting traders to short-term price momentum shifts. The line’s movements can generate buy or sell signals when it crosses the Kijun-Sen or Base Line, offering valuable data to make trading decisions. Furthermore, the Tenkan-Sen acts as a dynamic support or resistance level, giving traders further insights into market trends. Thus, it’s a significant tool for pinpointing potential trading opportunities and risk management.


The Tenkan-Sen or Conversion Line is an essential tool in the Japanese Ichimoku Kinko Hyo trading system, prominently used by traders and analysts to predict market trends and price movements. Its primary purpose is to serve as a momentum indicator, providing insights into the short-term market sentiment. It is calculated using the average of the highest high and the lowest low over a specific period, traditionally nine periods. This strategic calculation allows traders to identify potential buying or selling opportunities based on price behavior.In practice, the Tenkan-Sen serves as a key reference point for traders due to its sensitivity to price fluctuations. Traders often monitor the relation between the Tenkan-Sen line and the price, as well as its interaction with the slower moving Kijun-Sen (Base Line). When the Conversion Line crosses above the Base Line, it is viewed as a bullish signal, suggesting it might be an optimal time to buy. On the other hand, when it crosses below, it indicates a bearish signal, hinting at a possible selling opportunity. Thus, by providing valuable insights into market momentum and potential trend reversals, the Tenkan-Sen plays a critical role in establishing effective trading strategies.


The Tenkan-Sen, or Conversion Line, is a critical component of the Ichimoku Kinko Hyo trading system commonly used in technical analysis of financial markets such as stock, forex, and cryptocurrencies. Tenkan-Sen measures the average of the highest high and the lowest low over the last 9 periods. Here are three real world examples:1. Bitcoin Trading: An investor may use the Conversion Line (Tenkan-Sen) in the Bitcoin market to determine short-term trends or momentum. If the Conversion Line crosses the Base Line (another part of the Ichimoku system) from below, it may signal a bullish (upward) development, and the trader may consider buying Bitcoin. Conversely, if it crosses from above, it could be a bearish (downward) signal, and the trader may consider selling.2. Stock Market Trend Analysis: In stocks, the Tenkan-Sen can be used for trend analysis. For instance, a company’s stock that consistently stays above its Conversion Line on a chart might be considered in an upward (bullish) trend. For instance, if Apple’s stock price consistently stayed above its Tenkan-Sen for a period, this might be seen as a positive trend for the company.3. Forex Trading: In the Forex market, the euro to dollar (EUR/USD) exchange rate might be studied using the Tenkan-Sen. If the Conversion Line crosses the Base Line (Kijun-Sen) upwards in EUR/USD graph, a trader may see this as an opportunity to buy euros and sell dollars (bullish situation). If the Conversion Line crosses downward, it could signify a selling opportunity (bearish situation).

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Tenkan-Sen (Conversion Line)?

Tenkan-Sen, also known as the Conversion Line, refers to a line used in the Ichimoku Kinko Hyo or Ichimoku cloud method of technical analysis. It’s calculated using the average of the highest high and the lowest low over a period, typically nine periods.

How is the Tenkan-Sen (Conversion Line) used in finance?

In finance, Tenkan-Sen is often used as a signal line and triggers trading signals when it crosses over the Kijun-Sen or Base Line.

What does the Tenkan-Sen tell about the market’s condition?

When the Tenkan-Sen line goes above the Kijun-Sen, it may signal a bullish trend and may be a good time to buy. Conversely, if Tenkan-Sen falls below the Kijun-Sen, it indicates a bearish market and might be a signal to sell.

How is the Tenkan-Sen calculated?

The Tenkan-Sen (Conversion Line) is calculated as the average of the highest high price and the lowest low price for the last nine periods, divided by two.

How is the Tenkan-Sen different than other moving averages in technical analysis?

Unlike simple or exponential moving averages that consider only close prices, the Tenkan-Sen considers the highest high and lowest low. This makes it more sensitive to price changes, allowing it to react quicker than other moving averages.

Is the Tenkan-Sen line (Conversion Line) used alone?

No, the Tenkan-Sen line is generally used in combination with other lines in the Ichimoku trading system like the Kijun-Sen (Base Line) and the Senkou Span to confirm trading signals.

What role does the Tenkan-Sen play in the Ichimoku trading system?

Within the Ichimoku system, the Tenkan-Sen is an essential factor for generating trading signals and identifying support and resistance levels. The slope of the line can also provide insight into the market’s overall trend.

Related Finance Terms

  • Ichimoku Kinko Hyo
  • Kijun-Sen (Base Line)
  • Senkou Span A (Leading Span A)
  • Senkou Span B (Leading Span B)
  • Chikou Span (Lagging Span)

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