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Technocracy is a system of governance where decision-makers are chosen based on their expertise in a particular field, often scientific or technical knowledge. In a financial context, this term refers to the control of society or industry by an elite of technical experts. It emphasizes the application of technical knowledge, expertise, and decision making, rather than political or business leadership.


The phonetic spelling of “Technocracy” is: /tekˈnɑː.krə.si/

Key Takeaways

  1. Focuses on Technological Expertise: Technocracy advocates for decision-making and problem-solving based on the knowledge of experts in their respective scientific or technical fields, rather than politicians or business leaders.
  2. Metric-Based System: Technocracy proposes a socio-economic system where goods and services are produced and distributed based on scientific measurements of energy, resources, or capacity, instead of traditional economic systems based on supply and demand or price and profit.
  3. Merit-based Governance: Technocracy emphasizes merit-based governance. In a technocracy, the ones in charge and making decisions are chosen based on their expertise and proven skills, rather than their political or social connections.


Technocracy is an important term in business and finance because it refers to a form of organizational structure or system of governance where decision-makers are selected based on their technical knowledge and expertise in their areas of responsibility, particularly scientists, engineers, technologists, or experts in any intellectual field. In a business context, this means that positions of power are occupied by individuals who possess superior technical skills and knowledge. Therefore, decisions are based on rigorous, methodological, and evidence-focused analysis, which can lead to more efficient and effective management, promote innovation, and foster financial stability. However, it is also important to note that technocratic leadership may undervalue softer leadership skills like communication, empathy, and teamwork, hence it’s a concept to be implemented judiciously.


The primary purpose of a technocracy is to make decision-making more efficient and effective within a given system, be it a governmental, financial or other social system. Technocrats, experts in their respective fields, are entrusted with the task of decision-making on the grounds that they have the specialized skills, knowledge, and technical prowess to handle complex issues better than non-specialists or those influenced too heavily by political motivations. In the realm of finance and business, this could mean that the technocrats are economists, business analysts, financial experts, and the like who are best suited to make sound financial decisions and policy adjustments.The use of technocracy seeks to ensure that decisions and policies are based on sound logic, scientific evidence, and factual analysis rather than on personal affiliations, popularity, or political expedience. In the context of a business, a technocratic approach could lead to more effective strategies and decision-making processes, with financial executives and specialists using their expertise to guide the company. The hope is that by placing decisions in the hands of these specialists, the outcome will be more technically sound with less room for error.


1. Singapore: This city-state has often been considered as one of the most successful examples of a technocracy. The government of Singapore is largely populated by individuals with a deep understanding of technology, economics, and science. They have implemented efficient, technology-driven systems and policies that have resulted in a prosperous and stable economy. Singapore’s success in this realm is reflected in its high GDP and quality of life.2. China’s meritocracy: In recent years, China has been progressively leaning towards technocracy. Chinese leaders with backgrounds in engineering and the sciences have been preferred, evident from the fact that many high-ranking Chinese officials, including former President Hu Jintao and his Premier Wen Jiabao, were engineers. They’re leveraging technology and various skills to drive the country’s economic growth and development.3. Google: On the corporate front, Google showcases a form of technocracy. Even though it’s not a government, the company is known for hiring and promoting employees based on their technical skills and expertise, rather than their political maneuvering or seniority. This has contributed to Google’s innovation and success in the competitive technology industry.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Technocracy?

Technocracy is a system of governance where decision-makers are selected on the basis of their expertise in their areas of responsibility particularly technical knowledge. This system explicitly contrasts with the traditional democratic system which relies on elected representatives.

Is Technocracy a form of government?

Technocracy is more a theoretical form of governance based on the input of skilled and knowledgeable technicians rather than elected officials. It is not regarded as a practical form of government in and of itself but can be incorporated into existing governmental structures.

How is Technocracy related to business and finance?

In the business and finance world, a technocracy could involve the selection of leaders based on their expertise in a specific industry, field, or business area. This could mean finance experts being put in charge of financial decisions, for example.

Are there real-world examples of Technocratic governance?

The concept of technocracy is primarily theoretical, but elements can be seen in action when, for example, governments appoint technocrats – experts in their field – as ministers of state for areas such as finance or science.

What are the advantages of Technocracy in finance or business?

A key assumed advantage is that decisions would be made by individuals who are most knowledgeable and skilled about the subject matter, theoretically resulting in more efficient and effective decision-making.

What are the potential downsides of Technocracy?

Technocracy could lead to a lack of public control and accountability if experts are making decisions instead of elected representatives. Additionally, technical expertise does not necessarily ensure good decision-making, as other factors such as ethics and communication skills are also important.

How does Technocracy view economic models and theories?

Technocrats tend to favor more data-driven and objective approaches to decision making, and as such, they may lean towards empirical and quantitative economic models and theories as the basis for their policy decisions.

Can a company adapt Technocracy as a leadership model?

Yes, a company can choose to adopt technocracy as a leadership model by appointing leaders based on their technical expertise in a specific business area. However, this should be balanced with other leadership qualities such as the ability to motivate employees, business acumen, and strategic-thinking skills.

Related Finance Terms

  • Technological innovation
  • Economic efficiency
  • Decision-making expertise
  • Scientific management
  • Technical professionals

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