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Tax Table


A tax table is a chart that displays the amount of tax due based on income received and the filing status of the taxpayer. It’s typically published by tax authorities and simplifies the calculation of tax liability. The table provides specific amounts of tax owed for particular ranges of income, eliminating the need to manually perform complex tax calculations.


The phonetics of the keyword “Tax Table” are: tæks teɪbl

Key Takeaways

  1. Tax Tables are Guides: A tax table is a chart that displays the amount of tax due based on income received and filing status. Essentially, a tax table breaks down how much tax an individual should pay, relative to their income. It’s an essential tool for completing annual tax returns.
  2. They are Based on Tax Rates: The tax tables incorporate the various tax rates that might apply to an individual or a corporation. This encompasses the range of progressive income tax rates that form the tax structure in most countries, meaning that the tax rate increases as the taxable amount does.
  3. Varies Between Jurisdictions: The details and rates within a tax table vary in different jurisdictions, depending on the specific tax laws in each state, region, or country. Therefore, taxpayers need to reference the tax table that applies to the jurisdiction in which they reside or do business.


A tax table is essential in business/finance because it facilitates the accurate determination of tax liability. This standardized chart presents the various tax rates applicable to different income levels, aiding individuals, businesses, and tax professionals in calculating taxable income. The tax table, issued by internal revenue services, is the bedrock of progressive tax systems where tax rates increment as income rises. By referencing the tax table, taxpayers can better understand their financial obligations and strategically plan their affairs to manage, and possibly reduce, their tax burden. Therefore, the tax table plays an integral role in financial planning, compliance with tax laws, and overall economic stability.


The primary purpose of a tax table is to provide taxpayers with a simplified and transparent tool for determining their tax liabilities, based on specific income ranges and filing statuses. These tables, provided and updated annually by government taxation authorities like the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the United States, contain detailed information on various types of taxes and corresponding tax rates. By referring to the corresponding row and column within the tax table, taxpayers can precisely assess the amount they are obliged to pay the government for that fiscal year. This ultimately helps taxpayers to plan their income and expenditure accordingly, and ensure compliance with taxation laws. The actual use of a tax table extends beyond just individual taxpayers. Businesses and corporations utilize tax tables to process and manage their taxation obligations. They help entities accurately compute taxes owed based on reported earnings in their financial statements. In the context of payroll, employers use tax tables to determine the correct amount of payroll tax to withhold from employees’ wages. By eliminating the guesswork in tax computation, tax tables contribute significantly to the operations of enterprises by facilitating regulatory compliance, promoting financial planning, and reducing the risk of penalties associated with incorrect tax filing.


1. Individual Income Tax Rates: In the United States, the IRS (Internal Revenue Service) provides tax tables that determine the tax rate for individuals based on their income level and filing status (such as single, married filing jointly, or head of household). For example, in 2021, an individual earning between $9,950 and $40,525 is taxed at a rate of 12%, while those earning over $518,400 are taxed at a rate of 37%. 2. Sales Tax Rates by State: Different states in the U.S. have their own sales tax rates. For example, in New York State the sales tax rate is 4%, but with local taxes it can be as high as 8.875%. In comparison, Oregon has no sales tax. These rates are often displayed in a tax table for businesses and consumers to easily reference. 3. Corporate Tax Rates Per Country: Different countries around the world have their own corporate tax rates. For instance, as of 2021, the corporate tax rate in the U.S. is 21%, in the U.K. it’s 19%, and in Canada, it’s 15% for small businesses and 28% for large ones. International companies often refer to such tax tables to plan business strategies and investment decisions.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Tax Table?
A Tax Table is a chart presented by the IRS or the local tax authorities that displays the amount of tax due based on income received. The tax rates presented may vary depending on the individual’s filing status.
Where can I find the Tax Table?
You can find the Tax Table in the instructions provided with your tax return form or online on the IRS website or your local tax authority’s website.
How does a Tax Table work?
A Tax Table works by providing different ranges of income along with corresponding tax amounts due. Once an individual determines their taxable income for the year, they can refer to the Tax Table to ascertain how much tax they owe.
What are the different filing statuses in the Tax Table?
The typical filing statuses in the Tax Table are Single, Married Filing Jointly, Married Filing Separately, and Head of Household. Each status has different tax brackets consistent with income level.
How often does the Tax Table change?
Tax Tables are updated annually to account for inflation and changes in tax laws. It’s vital for taxpayers to check the most recent Tax Table when preparing their returns.
Can I use the Tax Table for computing business tax?
Yes, businesses can use Tax Tables to compute their tax liabilities. However, businesses also need to consider other factors, such as deductions and credits.
Why are there different Tax Tables?
The IRS and local tax authorities provide different Tax Tables to accommodate different forms of income and situations. These may include standard income, self-employment income, capital gains, and more. Each type of income has specific taxation rules, hence the need for different tables.

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