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Russell 3000 Index


The Russell 3000 Index is a market-cap weighted equity index that incorporates the 3,000 largest U.S. companies, representing approximately 98% of the investable U.S. stock market. It is used by investment managers and analysts as a gauge of the broad U.S equity market. It is reconstituted annually to ensure new and growing equities are included.


The phonetic pronunciation of “Russell 3000 Index” is “Ruh-suhl Three Thow-suhnd In-deks”.

Key Takeaways

Here are three primary details to comprehensively grasp the Russell 3000 Index:

  1. The Russell 3000 Index is a market-capitalization-weighted equity index that seeks to track 3,000 of the largest U.S.-traded stocks. It represents approximately 98% of the U.S. public equity market. As such, it serves as a benchmark for U.S. stocks.

  2. The index is maintained by FTSE Russell, a subsidiary of the London Stock Exchange Group. It is reconstituted annually to ensure species new and growing equities. Therefore, although it’s named the Russell 3000, the actual number of stocks may be somewhat more or less than 3,000.

  3. The Russell 3000 Index is subdivided into the large-cap Russell 1000 Index and the small-cap Russell 2000 index. These subdivisions provide a more detailed view of different sectors and are used by many fund managers to construct or benchmark their portfolios.


The Russell 3000 Index is an important benchmark in business and finance because it captures the performance of the largest 3,000 publicly traded companies in the U.S., representing approximately 98% of the investable U.S. stock market. This makes it a valuable tool for measuring the overall health and performance of the U.S. equity market, providing a broader and more inclusive view than other indices such as the S&P 500 and Dow Jones Industrial Average. Consequently, it is widely used by fund managers for portfolio construction and by analysts to understand market trends. Furthermore, changes in the index can have significant impact since index funds may need to adjust their holdings to reflect its composition.


The Russell 3000 Index’s primary purpose is to serve as a benchmark for the U.S stock market. Developed and maintained by FTSE Russell, it attempts to capture the complete picture of the market by tracking the performance of about 98% of publicly traded U.S. stocks. This inclusiveness makes the index a better representation of the overall market’s health and trends compared to narrower indices. It’s utilized by fund managers and other investment professionals to measure their performance and make investment decisions.Additionally, the Russell 3000 Index is extensively used for index funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs). These offerings aim to replicate the returns of the index, allowing investors a passive investment strategy as they can diversify their portfolio with a single investment. Since the index includes a wide range of companies from various sectors and sizes, it allows investors to gain exposure to the overall U.S. equity market, thereby spreading out their risk. The index is also a handy tool for academic researchers analyzing market behaviors and trends.


1. Vanguard Russell 3000 ETF (VTHR): Vanguard launched this ETF (exchange-traded fund) as an investment option for its customers looking to mirror the performance of Russell 3000 Index. The fund essentially covers 98% of the US stock market, offering investors a wide array of small, mid, and large-cap equities.2. iShares Russell 3000 ETF (IWV): Similar to the Vanguard fund, iShares also provides an ETF that targets the Russell 3000 Index. IWV invests in over 3000 stocks, reflecting the diverse nature of the Russell 3000 Index and providing a balanced, broad-based exposure to the total U.S. stock market.3. Tesla’s Inclusion: In July 2020, Tesla was added to the Russell 3000 Index after a period of considerable growth and profitability. This not only boosted Tesla’s reputation but also impacted the index’s overall performance due to its market cap size. Companies are often added or removed from the index based on their market cap and other financial health indicators.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is the Russell 3000 Index?

The Russell 3000 Index is a market-capitalization-weighted equity index that seeks to track the performance of the 3,000 largest U.S.-traded stocks. It represents approximately 98% of the investable U.S. equity market.

Who created the Russell 3000 Index?

It was created by the Frank Russell Company in 1984.

What is the purpose of the Russell 3000 Index?

The Russell 3000 Index is designed to be a comprehensive representation of the broader U.S. equity market. It serves as a benchmark for investors to track current and historical market performance and to evaluate portfolio performances.

How is the Russell 3000 Index calculated?

It is calculated using a capitalization-weighted methodology, which means companies with larger market capitalizations have greater influence on the index’s price.

Which companies are included in the Russell 3000 Index?

The index includes the largest 3000 U.S. companies that are publicly traded on U.S. stock exchanges. This makes it more representative of the U.S. market’s overall condition compared to indices that track fewer stocks.

How often is the Russell 3000 Index updated?

The index undergoes an annual reconstitution in June to update and rebalance its portfolio based on market capitalization changes over the past year.

How can I invest in the Russell 3000 Index?

While you cannot directly invest in the index, many financial institutions offer index funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that closely track the performance of the Russell 3000 Index.

How does the Russell 3000 Index differ from other indices like the S&P 500?

The major difference is the number of stocks each index tracks. The S&P 500 tracks 500 large-cap companies, while the Russell 3000 tracks 3,000 large and mid to small-cap companies. Thus, Russell 3000 provides a much broader view of the entire U.S. stock market.

What is the relationship between Russell 3000 Index and Russell 1000 Index or Russell 2000 Index?

The Russell 1000 Index comprises the largest 1000 companies in the Russell 3000 Index, representing the top companies by market capitalization. The Russell 2000 Index includes the smaller companies from the remaining 2,000 within the Russell 3000 Index. Therefore, the Russell 3000 is often thought of as a combination of the Russell 1000 and the Russell 2000.

: Are there risks associated with investing in funds that track the Russell 3000 Index?

Like any investment, there are risks involved. Market fluctuations can lead to changes in stock prices, which can impact the index’s value. Therefore, potential investors should always do their own research or consult with a financial advisor before investing.

Related Finance Terms

  • Capitalization-Weighted Index
  • Equity Index
  • Stock Market Indicator
  • FTSE Russell
  • Benchmark Index

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