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Revenue per Available Room (RevPAR)


Revenue Per Available Room (RevPAR) is a key performance metric in the hospitality industry that measures the average revenue generated per available room over a certain time period. It is calculated by multiplying a hotel’s average daily room rate (ADR) by its occupancy rate, or by dividing the total room revenue by the total number of available rooms. RevPAR helps in assessing a hotel’s ability to fill its available rooms at an average rate.


RevPAR: /ˈrɛv pɑːr/

Key Takeaways


  1. Key Performance Indicator: RevPAR is a key performance indicator (KPI) in the hotel industry that measures the average revenue generated by each room available, regardless if it is occupied or not. It is used to evaluate a hotel’s ability to fill its available rooms at an average rate.
  2. Formula: The calculation for RevPAR is the total room revenue divided by the total number of available rooms. It can also be calculated by multiplying a hotel’s average daily room rate (ADR) by its occupancy rate.
  3. Importance: RevPAR is crucial as it helps hotels understand their overall business performance. It reflects both the room rates and the ability to fill rooms, thus providing a comprehensive view of the hotel’s revenue-generating capabilities. Lower RevPAR can indicate problems with pricing, marketing, or property management.



Revenue per Available Room (RevPAR) is a crucial performance metric in the hospitality industry as it measures the overall financial health and profitability of a hotel or similar establishment. This metric efficiently combines occupancy rate and average daily rate into a single statistic, giving hotel operators insights into how well they are utilizing their rooms and pricing strategies to generate maximum revenue. RevPAR allows managers to understand their property’s efficiency at selling inventory, identify opportunity areas, and make strategic decisions about pricing and operations. Without RevPAR, a hotel may improperly value its rooms, leading to lost revenue, or may fail to generate sufficient income to cover operational costs. Therefore, RevPAR’s importance lies in its ability to boost the profitability and success of a business in the hospitality sector.


Revenue per Available Room, commonly known as RevPAR, serves as one of the most essential metrics in the hospitality industry because it captures both room revenue and occupancy rate into a single figure, providing a snapshot of the property’s performance. RevPAR is primarily used to assess the operational efficiency of a hotel or a similar establishment, determining their ability to fill their available rooms at an optimal price. By deriving insights from RevPAR, businesses within the hospitality industry can develop pricing strategies and prioritize improvements that can potentially increase their profitability.Apart from the usage in internal performance assessment, RevPAR also enables meaningful comparison across the industry. As the calculation standardizes revenue against the number of available rooms, RevPAR allows a fair comparison between properties of different sizes and capacities. Investors and stakeholders find this a vital tool when making strategic decisions or comparing potential investments. Industry analysts also often use RevPAR to track trends and forecasts in the hospitality market. It is important to note, however, that while RevPAR provides valuable insight into revenue management and performance efficiency, it should not be used in isolation but in conjunction with other performance metrics.


Example 1: Hilton HotelsLet’s assume that Hilton Hotels has 1,000 rooms available across its various properties. In a given month, each room is rented for an average of $100 per night, and the average occupancy rate is 75%. To calculate RevPAR, we multiply the average daily rate by the occupancy rate: $100 x 0.75 = $75. Hence, the revPAR for Hilton Hotels in that month is $75.Example 2: Marriott HotelsConsider that Marriott Hotels has 500 rooms, each being rented out for an average of $150 per night, with an average occupancy rate of 80%. When we multiply the average daily rate by the occupancy rate: $150 x 0.8 = $120, we find that the revPAR for Marriott Hotels is $120.Example 3: Mandarin OrientalFor this luxury hotel, we’ll say they have 200 rooms available, each of which is rented for an average of $300 per night. However, their average occupancy rate is lower, at 60%. By multiplying the average daily rate by the occupancy rate: $300 x 0.6 = $180, we calculate the revPAR for Mandarin Oriental to be $180.In each of these examples, you can see how RevPAR provides a snapshot of how well a hotel is monetizing its rooms, taking into account both the price at which it rents rooms and how often those rooms are occupied.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Revenue per Available Room (RevPAR)?

RevPAR is a performance metric in the hotel industry which is calculated by dividing a hotel’s total guestroom revenue by the room count and the number of days in the period being measured.

Why is RevPAR important in the hotel industry?

RevPAR is crucial as it helps in measuring the ability of a hotel to fill its rooms at an average rate. It essentially highlights the average revenue generated from each room and thus is a significant gauge of a hotel’s overall performance.

How is RevPAR calculated?

RevPar is calculated by multiplying the average daily room rate (ADR) by the occupancy rate. Alternatively, it can be calculated by dividing total room revenue by the total number of available rooms.

Can RevPAR be used to compare the performance of different hotels?

Yes, RevPAR can be used as a comparative tool across hotels, regardless of size. It helps investors and management teams to understand how effectively a hotel fills its rooms and at what average rate.

Could a hotel have a high RevPAR but still be unsuccessful financially?

Yes, RevPAR only accounts for room revenue and does not account for other revenues like food and beverage, spa, etc. A hotel could have a high RevPAR but if its costs are also high or if it doesn’t efficiently generate other revenues, it may still face financial challenges.

What are some ways a hotel could increase its RevPAR?

A hotel can improve its RevPAR by either increasing occupancy, raising room rates, or a combination of both. Using effective marketing strategies that attract the right type of customer willing to pay a higher rate can also help.

What does a decrease in RevPAR indicate?

A decrease in RevPAR could indicate various issues, like lower room rates, lower occupancy, or both. This could be due to factors such as increased competition, decreased demand, or ineffective pricing strategies.

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