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Revaluation Reserve


A revaluation reserve is a reserve created in a company’s financial statements when its assets’ value is increased due to changes in market values. This type of reserve is used in accounting to prepare for situations where the revalued asset is sold in the future, often at a different price from the revalued amount. It’s essentially an account used to record increases in the fair value of a business’s assets.


The phonetic pronunciation of “Revaluation Reserve” is: /ˌriːˌvæljuˈeɪʃən rɪˈzɜːrv/

Key Takeaways

Sure! Here are your three main takeaways about Revaluation Reserve:

  1. Revaluation Reserve is an accounting term used when a company creates a provision for the increase in the value of an asset. This is not a typical practice in normal business operations, but it is done to reflect the fair market value of an asset rather than the cost at which it was purchased or manufactured.
  2. It is part of the equity of a company under the shareholders’ equity on a balance sheet. Unlike retained earnings and capital reserves, it is not a realization of profit from the business operation, but an increase in the value of particular assets in the company which then increases the total equity of the company.
  3. Changes in the revaluation reserve are considered part of other comprehensive income. Unlike profit and loss which immediately impacts a business’s financial statements, changes in the revaluation reserve are typically excluded from net income in profit and loss statements. This is because the increases or decreases in value do not result in immediate cash inflows or outflows.


Revaluation reserve is an important term in business and finance because it reflects adjustments made to the book value of a company’s assets to accurately depict their current market value. This has significant implications for the financial health and standing of a business. An increased revaluation reserve can augment the company’s net asset value, potentially attracting more investors, improving the company’s borrowing capacity, and enabling it to realize higher sale proceeds if the assets are sold. Conversely, a decrease in revaluation reserve due to a decline in an asset’s market value can signal issues that could affect the company’s overall value and profitability. Therefore, the management of revaluation reserve is a crucial aspect of a company’s asset and financial management strategies.


Revaluation Reserve serves an essential purpose in the finance and business world, acting as an essential tool that forms a safeguard against any unexpected fluctuations in the market. Its purpose lies in maintaining an additional capital reserve that can accommodate upswings in the market value of an asset which goes unrecognized in financial statements due to historical cost accounting. Therefore, this reserve is commonly used to balance the difference and account for increases in the value of an asset, not reflected via the depreciation process.The use of a revaluation reserve is principally significant in showcasing a more accurate picture of a company’s economic stability. Businesses use it to ensure that the book value of their assets reflects their current fair market values, thus providing analysts, investors, and stakeholders with a more accurate, comprehensive view of the company’s worth. Additionally, it can be used to retain earnings within the company and protect the company from losses. Hence, it plays a vital role in enhancing financial stability, reducing risk and ensuring a more prosperous survival strategy in the socioeconomic atmosphere of business and finance.


1. Property Revaluation: A real estate company invested in a piece of property decades ago, which over the years has significantly appreciated in its market value. Instead of carrying this property at its original cost on its balance sheet, the company decides to revalue the property to reflect its current market value. The increase in value is then recorded in a revaluation reserve account, allowing the company to show a healthier picture of its financial position to its stakeholders.2. Plant and Equipment Revaluation: A manufacturing company might have heavy machinery and equipments that have appreciated due to scarcity or market demands. If the company revalues its equipments to their fair market value from their original cost, the increase would be recorded in revaluation reserve. For instance, a company that owns rare or highly sought-after vintage manufacturing equipment could see its machinery appreciate over time.3. Intellectual Property Revaluation: A technology firm recognized for its unique software or patent might revalue its intellectual property due to increased demand and potential. This would lead to an appreciation of its assets’ value. The excess amount after revaluation is represented in the form of revaluation reserve. This boosts the company’s net asset value and showcases its strong financial condition.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Revaluation Reserve?

A Revaluation Reserve is a reserve created when a company revalues its assets and there is an increase in their value. The excess amount of the increase in value is transferred to this account, helping to enhance the company’s total asset value or net worth.

How is a Revaluation Reserve utilized?

This reserve is usually used to balance out any potential loss or decrease in asset value in the future. It plays a significant role when selling the asset, helping to balance the profit or loss from the sale.

Why do companies create a Revaluation Reserve?

Companies create a Revaluation Reserve to reflect the company’s fair market value, reduce the risk of impairment loss and increase their borrowing power by displaying a higher net worth.

Does the Revaluation Reserve impact a company’s profits?

No. The Revaluation Reserve is a special category within equity and does not affect the Profit and Loss account. However, the increased value of the assets can indirectly impact a company’s profitability.

When is a Revaluation Reserve formed?

A Revaluation Reserve is formed when a company decides to update the value of its fixed assets such as land, buildings, equipment etc., to their current market values, and there is an increase in their value.

What happens to the Revaluation Reserve when an asset is sold?

When an asset associated with a Revaluation Reserve is sold, the portion of the reserve that is related to that asset is transferred to general reserves.

Is Revaluation Reserve a part of shareholder’s equity?

Yes, the Revaluation Reserve is considered a part of shareholder’s equity and forms part of the Reserves and Surplus line item on a company’s balance sheet.

Can Revaluation Reserve be distributed as dividends?

No. It is generally not allowed to distribute Revaluation Reserve as dividends because it is a type of capital reserve not generated from business operations or profits.

Related Finance Terms

  • Capital Surplus: This term refers to the excess amount that a company raises by issuing shares above its par value. It is linked to revaluation reserve as both contribute to the overall equity of a company.
  • Equity: Equity represents the ownership of shareholders in a corporation. Revaluation reserve is a part of the company’s equity.
  • Balance Sheet: A financial statement showing a company’s assets, liabilities, and equity at a specific point in time. Revaluation reserve is reflected under equity in the balance sheet.
  • Asset Revaluation: This is the process of increasing or decreasing the carrying value of a company’s asset to reflect its fair market value. The difference is taken to the revaluation reserve.
  • Depreciation: It’s the decrease in an asset’s value due to use, wear and tear, or obsolescence. This concept is related to revaluation reserve as the reserve might increase or decrease based on the depreciation value.

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