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Real Property


Real property, often referred to as real estate, refers to a piece of land along with any permanent improvements and structures attached to it, such as buildings, houses, and natural resources. It includes both residential and commercial properties. The term is used to differentiate it from personal property or chattels, which are movable assets like cars, furniture, and jewelry.


The phonetic pronunciation of “Real Property” is: /ˈriːəl ˈprɒpərti/In the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), it would be represented as:real: [ˈriːəl]property: [ˈprɒpərti]

Key Takeaways

  1. Real Property refers to land and any permanent structures attached to it, including buildings, fences, and natural resources like water and minerals.
  2. Ownership of Real Property comes with certain rights, such as the right to use, sell, lease, and develop the land, as well as the responsibility to follow zoning and land use regulations.
  3. Real Property can be bought, sold, or transferred through various legal processes, such as deeds, inheritance, and foreclosure.


Real Property is an important business/finance term because it refers to land, buildings, and the rights associated with ownership, which often represents a significant portion of an individual’s or a company’s assets. Understanding the concept of real property is crucial for various aspects such as investment, taxation, borrowing, and legal matters. It helps investors to evaluate and diversify their portfolios, enables business owners to secure mortgages and loans using their properties as collateral, and plays a vital role in inheritance and estate planning. Additionally, knowledge of real property rights is essential in navigating complex real estate transactions, such as land acquisitions, leasing and property development, ultimately impacting the overall growth and stability of economies worldwide.


Real property serves as a crucial component in the world of finance and business, playing a pivotal role in the promotion of economic expansion and wealth generation. It encompasses all immovable assets, such as land and any permanent structures built on it, which means it can be utilized for various purposes such as residential, commercial, and industrial operations. As a long-term and tangible investment, real property’s purpose is to offer a stable and enduring store of value that can yield substantial financial returns over time. Additionally, it forms the basis for urban planning and infrastructure development, contributing significantly to the overall growth and sustainability of communities and regions. Beyond its function as an investment, real property also serves as collateral in financial transactions. In the mortgage industry, for example, a borrower uses the value of their real property to secure a loan for either purchasing or refinancing. Such credit arrangements enable individuals and businesses to access vital resources for property acquisition, development, and expansion, driving economic activity and job creation. Furthermore, real property is often at the center of wealth and asset management strategies, as it can appreciate in value and produce reliable income through rent or leasing arrangements. Overall, real property holds immense importance in the economies by fostering investment opportunities, promoting financial stability, and stimulating growth.


1. Commercial buildings: Commercial properties like office buildings, shopping malls, retail stores, or warehouses are examples of real property in the business or finance sectors. These properties are considered real property as they are tangible, immovable assets that can generate income for their owners through rent, lease, or appreciation in value. 2. Residential property: In the context of business or finance, residential properties such as single-family homes, apartments, or condominiums serve as further examples of real property. These assets can be bought, sold, rented, or used as collateral for loans, making them an important part of individual and institutional investment portfolios. 3. Farmland and agricultural land: Land used for agricultural purposes, such as farms, vineyards, or grazing land can also be considered real property. This type of real property can generate income through the production and sale of crops, livestock, or other agricultural products. Additionally, farmland may appreciate in value over time, presenting growth and investment opportunities for individuals or businesses involved in real estate.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Real Property?
Real Property refers to land and anything permanently attached to it such as buildings, structures, natural resources, and fixtures. It is a type of property that includes immovable assets that are not easily liquidated or transferred.
What is the difference between Real Property and Personal Property?
Real Property consists of land and any permanent fixtures on it, such as buildings and natural resources. Personal property, on the other hand, includes assets that are movable, such as vehicles, appliances, and personal items.
How does one determine the value of Real Property?
The value of Real Property can be determined by using various methods, including comparables (also known as comparative market analysis), cost approach, and income approach. A professional appraiser is typically responsible for determining a property’s accurate market value.
How are Real Property taxes calculated?
Real Property taxes are calculated based on the assessed value of the property and the local tax rate. The assessed value is determined by a local government tax assessor while the tax rate is set by the local government.
What are the different types of ownership interests in Real Property?
There are several types of ownership interests in Real Property, including fee simple, life estate, leasehold estate, and joint or co-ownership (tenants in common, joint tenants, and tenants by the entirety).
How can Real Property be transferred?
Real Property can be transferred through various means, including sale, gift, or inheritance. The transfer of ownership is typically completed by executing a legal document called a deed that is filed with the appropriate local government registry.
Is there a difference between Real Property and Real Estate?
Real Property refers to land and any permanent improvements made on it, while Real Estate is a broader term that encompasses Real Property and the rights associated with the ownership and use of the property. The two terms are often used interchangeably, but Real Estate generally includes more aspects when it comes to ownership and usage rights.

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