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Real Estate Operating Company (REOC)


A Real Estate Operating Company (REOC) is a business entity that acquires, develops, manages, and leases real estate properties with the primary objective of generating income and increasing property value. Unlike Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs), REOCs retain their rental income and reinvest it in property development and acquisitions. Consequently, REOCs do not have to distribute a significant portion of their profits to investors as dividends, allowing them greater financial flexibility for growth and expansion.


The phonetics of the keyword “Real Estate Operating Company (REOC)” are: Real: /riːl/Estate: /ɪˈsteɪt/Operating: /ˈɑː.pəˌreɪ.tɪŋ/Company: /ˈkʌm.pə.ni/REOC: /ˈriː.ɒk/

Key Takeaways

  1. A Real Estate Operating Company (REOC) is a type of company that invests, owns, and manages income-generating real estate properties. They are distinct from Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) as they have more operational flexibility and do not necessarily distribute their income as dividends to shareholders.
  2. REOCs often engage in development and renovation of properties in addition to managing and leasing their portfolio, which can lead to higher potential capital gains and increased property values over time. This is in contrast to REITs, which mostly focus on income derived from rent and lease payments.
  3. Investing in REOCs can be beneficial for investors seeking exposure to the real estate market while maintaining some control over their investments. However, they may offer less liquidity than investing in publicly traded REITs, and their complex tax structure may require additional due diligence for investors to understand the potential risks and returns.


The term Real Estate Operating Company (REOC) is important in the business and finance world because it represents a unique structure of property-focused businesses that generate revenue mainly through active management, possession, and development of real estate properties. Unlike Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs), REOCs can reinvest their earnings and do not have to distribute the majority of their incomes to shareholders as dividends. By eliminating this mandatory payout requirement, REOCs benefit from improved flexibility, allowing them to capitalize on emerging growth opportunities and invest in the development or acquisition of new properties. Hence, it offers investors diversified exposure to the real estate market, often leading to long-term capital appreciation as the company adapts to changing market environments.


Real estate operating companies (REOCs) serve a fundamental purpose in the business world, as they specialize in the acquisition, development, and management of diverse properties. These companies often encompass diverse property types, including residential, commercial, and industrial real estate. A key objective for REOCs is to generate profits through both operating income derived from renting or leasing their properties, as well as appreciation of property values over time. They typically focus on long-term growth and strategic management of their assets, ensuring that each property reaches its full potential and yields a substantial return on investment. By doing so, REOCs contribute significantly to the expansion of the real estate market and, in turn, help fuel economic growth.Through their expert understanding of local markets and in-depth analysis of development opportunities, REOCs play an essential role in increasing the value of a community’s real estate market. They often collaborate with local authorities, architects, and contractors to ensure that every development project is executed proficiently while meeting the needs of the community. REOCs are an attractive investment option for individuals and institutional investors alike, as they offer the opportunity to participate in the real estate market in an indirect manner without assuming the responsibilities and challenges associated with direct property ownership. These companies provide investors with exposure to diverse real estate portfolios while benefiting from professional management expertise, thereby enabling better decision-making and risk management in a notoriously complex industry.


1. Brookfield Property Partners: Brookfield Property Partners is a leading global real estate operating company that owns, operates, and invests in high-quality commercial properties. The company’s portfolio includes office buildings, retail locations, multifamily housing, student housing, logistics centers, and more. Brookfield Property Partners is a well-known REOC, as it derives its income from the ownership and management of these properties by leasing spaces and collecting rent from tenants.2. Vornado Realty Trust: Vornado Realty Trust is a prominent REOC specializing in the ownership, management, and development of office and retail properties. With a significant presence in major markets such as New York City and Washington DC, Vornado focuses on creating value by strategically managing its properties to attract high-quality tenants and keep occupancy rates high. The company generates revenue through running these properties – collecting rent from tenants, providing management services, and developing new real estate projects.3. Boston Properties: Boston Properties is a large, well-established REOC that manages a portfolio of Class-A office space throughout the United States. The company’s portfolio includes properties in key urban centers like Boston, New York City, San Francisco, and Washington, D.C. As an REOC, Boston Properties utilizes its extensive property management expertise to maintain high occupancy rates, secure long-term leases with attractive rent escalations, and maintain strong relationships with its tenants, ultimately generating consistent cash flows from its property operations.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Real Estate Operating Company (REOC)?

A Real Estate Operating Company (REOC) is a type of business organization that invests in, develops, and manages real estate properties, generating income through renting, leasing, or selling the properties. Unlike Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs), REOCs have more flexibility in property management and reinvestment, as they are not required to distribute 90% of their taxable income to shareholders in the form of dividends.

How does a REOC differ from a Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT)?

The main difference between a REOC and a REIT lies in their structure, taxation, and investment requirements. REITs are required to distribute 90% of their taxable income to shareholders, while REOCs do not have this requirement. This allows REOCs to reinvest profits into their business, whereas REITs must allocate profits towards dividends. Additionally, REITs must primarily focus on income-producing real estate, while REOCs can invest in various types of properties, including those under development.

What are the advantages of investing in a REOC?

Some advantages of investing in a REOC include:1. Growth potential: Due to their ability to reinvest profits, REOCs have higher growth potential compared to REITs.2. Diversification: REOCs can invest in a variety of property types and development stages, adding diversification to a portfolio.3. Flexibility: REOCs have more flexibility in property management and reinvestment decisions.4. Capital appreciation: As REOCs can sell properties for a profit, investors can benefit from capital appreciation in the long-run.

Are there any potential risks involved in investing in a REOC?

Yes, there are risks involved in investing in a REOC. Some potential risks include:1. Market risk: Changes in the real estate market may impact property values and rental income.2. Management risk: The success of a REOC depends on the skill of its management team in property selection, development, and management.3. Leverage: REOCs may use leverage to finance property acquisitions, which can magnify gains and losses.4. Liquidity risk: If a REOC’s properties cannot be easily sold or rented, the company may struggle to generate cash flow.

How can I invest in a REOC?

Investors can invest in a Real Estate Operating Company by purchasing shares of the company in the public stock market (if the company is publicly traded). Some REOCs may also be available for investment through real estate funds or private equity placements.

Is a REOC suitable for all types of investors?

Like any investment, a REOC is not suitable for all investors. A REOC may be more suited for investors seeking growth opportunities combined with income from real estate assets. Before investing in a REOC, one should consider their individual risk tolerance, investment objectives, and overall portfolio diversification. It is always a good idea to consult with a financial advisor before making investment decisions.

Related Finance Terms

Sources for More Information

  • Investopedia –
  • Corporate Finance Institute –
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  • Wall Street Oasis –

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