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Quotation



Definition

A quotation, in financial terms, refers to the highest bid to buy and the lowest ask to sell a security in the marketplace. It provides information on the price level a certain trade can be made. The quotation will usually display both the buying price (bid) and selling price (ask) for a particular security.

Phonetic

The phonetics of the keyword “Quotation” is: /kwoʊˈteɪʃən/

Key Takeaways

  1. Definition: Quotation, or a quote, is an exact phrase or sentence taken from a larger work such as a book, song, or speech. It is often used in writing to further illustrate a point, provide evidence, or enhance the credibility of the argument by citing expert opinions.
  2. Usage: Quotations are commonly used in writing across various mediums, from academic papers and journalistic articles to novels and speeches. They can also be used to summarize, paraphrase, or report content. When quoting someone or something, it’s essential to attribute the quote correctly to maintain the integrity of the work and avoid plagiarism.
  3. Formatting: The formatting of quotations can differ based on the style guide followed (e.g., APA, MLA, Chicago). Typically, shorter quotations are incorporated directly into the text with quotation marks, while longer ones are indented and formatted as a block quote without quotation marks.

Importance

A quotation in business or finance is crucial as it essentially provides an estimated cost for a product or service. It establishes a formal document that involves a commitment on the part of a seller to sell goods or services at a specified price and under specific conditions. This procedure helps buyers in making informed decisions and in planning their budget efficiently. More importantly, it facilitates transparency and clarity in business transactions by outlining the costs associated with particular goods or services, enabling both parties to mitigate misunderstandings and facilitating smoother operations by allowing businesses to compare prices and choose the best deal. It further allows for competitive pricing, ensuring fair practices in the market.

Explanation

The purpose of a quotation in the finance or business realm primarily revolves around providing a specified price for a particular goods or services. It is essentially a fixed price that a seller offers to a customer for a defined element of work or a product. Quotations serve as an important tool for budgeting, allowing businesses to estimate the cost of a project or transaction. This way, they can anticipate expenditures and avoid unexpected costs. Moreover, they provide a benchmark for comparing prices from different suppliers, thereby enabling businesses to make informed purchasing decisions.On a broader scale, quotations also play an integral role in the financial markets. In stock trading, for instance, a quotation represents the latest price at which a share of stock, bond, or any other security is being traded. These quotations facilitate the buying and selling decisions of investors by providing up-to-date information about market prices. It is through these quotations that investors are able to know what they will pay to buy a security or the price they will receive if they decide to sell it. Consequently, these quotations contribute towards maintaining transparency and fairness in the open market system.

Examples

1. Stock Market Quotations: Stock prices or equity instruments are all listed on a stock market exchange. For example, a quotation for Apple Inc. (AAPL) might be $150. This means, if you wish to purchase a single share of Apple, you need to spend $150.00.2. Forex Trading Quotations: In the foreign exchange market, a currency pair quote represents the worth of one currency in relation to another. For instance, the quotation for USD/EUR might be 0.85, meaning $1 is equivalent to 0.85 Euros.3. Commodities Quotations: The values of commodities like gold, oil, grains, etc. are also quoted on exchanges. For example, a quotation for crude oil might be $65 per barrel. This represents the cost to buy a single barrel of oil.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Quotation in financial terms?

A Quotation, often referred to as a quote , is the most recent price at which a security like a stock or bond was traded. It can also be the price at which a buyer is willing to purchase a security (bid) or the price at which a seller is willing to sell it (ask).

Is a quote the actual price I will pay for a stock?

Not necessarily. A quotation is just an indication of the most recent trading price for a security. The actual price you pay for a stock may be more or less than the quoted price based on various factors such as market fluctuations and brokerage fees.

What is the difference between bid and ask in a Quotation?

The bid price in a quotation is the highest price a buyer is willing to pay for a security. On the other hand, the ask or offer price is the lowest price a seller is willing to accept for the security.

Why does the quotation not always match the closing price of the stock?

The closing price of a stock is its price at the end of the trading day. But a quotation can change constantly throughout the trading day due to supply and demand in the market. So, it may not always match the closing price.

How can I use a Quotation to inform my trading decisions?

Quotations can give investors a sense of the market mood and potential price direction. For example, if the ask price is significantly higher than the bid price, it might suggest that the price could rise due to increased demand.

Are Quotations accessible to everyone?

Yes, most financial news websites and brokerage firms provide real-time quotes for publicly traded stocks free of charge. However, for certain securities like foreign exchange or over-the-counter stocks, real-time quotes may not be readily available to the public.

What is a delay in Quotation?

A delay in quotation is when the displayed quote does not reflect the live market price. This typically happens when quotes are provided for free. Real-time quotes, which have no delay, are often available through paid services.

Related Finance Terms

Sources for More Information


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