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Qualified Institutional Placement (QIP)


Qualified Institutional Placement (QIP) is a fundraising mechanism utilized by publicly-traded companies to issue securities, such as shares, debentures, or warrants, to a select group of qualified institutional buyers. This method allows companies to raise capital efficiently without undergoing the lengthy public offering process. These qualified institutions typically include banks, mutual funds, insurance companies, and pension funds, which invest on behalf of their clients or stakeholders.


The phonetics of the keyword “Qualified Institutional Placement (QIP)” can be represented as:/ˈkwɒlɪˌfaɪd ˌɪnstɪˈtjuːʃənəl ˈpleɪsmənt (kju ˈaɪ ˈpi)/

Key Takeaways

  1. Qualified Institutional Placement (QIP) is a capital-raising tool used by listed companies in India to issue securities, such as shares, convertible securities, and debt securities, to qualified institutional buyers (QIBs).
  2. QIP allows companies to raise funds quickly without the need for regulatory approvals. It is a faster and more cost-effective method compared to public or rights issues.
  3. Investors in QIP include mutual funds, insurance companies, banks, and foreign institutional investors. QIPs are seen as a safe investment option, as only qualified and informed investors can participate, ensuring the company’s financial health and credibility.


Qualified Institutional Placement (QIP) is an important business/finance term as it enables companies, especially listed entities, to raise capital quickly and efficiently from a select group of sophisticated investors. By targeting qualified institutional buyers (QIBs) such as banks, mutual funds, and insurance companies, QIP reduces the time and cost involved in the fund-raising process, compared to other methods like public issues or rights issues. This provides companies with better access to financial resources for expansion, investments, acquisitions, and other strategic initiatives. In addition, the regulatory framework surrounding QIPs ensures that the process remains transparent, safeguarding the interests of both the investors and the company. Overall, QIP serves as a vital tool for companies in achieving their financial goals and contributes to the growth and sustainability of the business ecosystem.


Qualified Institutional Placement (QIP) serves as an essential tool for raising capital, specifically designed for listed companies to secure funds directly from qualified institutional buyers. Its primary purpose is to enable businesses to seek financial support without having to go through the lengthy and expensive process of public issuance. Furthermore, this type of placement does not impose extensive regulatory requirements, offering companies a more efficient and quicker alternative for generating funds. This fund infusion helps businesses strengthen their financial position, enabling them to allocate resources to strategic objectives, such as expansion, debt reduction, or other business opportunities. Consequently, QIP appeals to both companies seeking cost-effective capital raising and institutional investors eager to capitalize on exclusive investment opportunities. QIPs prove advantageous not only for competitiveness within the business domain but also for the overall financial market. This form of fundraising elevates investors’ confidence, as qualified institutional buyers have keen analytical skills and a comprehensive understanding of the company’s financial standing, making them more risk-averse. By attracting established institutional investors, QIPs lend credibility to the issuing company, potentially leading to a surge in stock prices and improved market sentiment. Furthermore, this scenario provides for a more robust capital market, driving economic growth and fostering a healthy business environment. Therefore, the Qualified Institutional Placement offers dual benefits, fostering growth and stability for both individual businesses and entire industries.


1. State Bank of India (SBI) – In September 2020, India’s largest public sector bank, State Bank of India, successfully raised INR 15,000 crores (approximately $2 billion) through Qualified Institutional Placement (QIP). This was one of the largest QIPs in the Indian banking sector, which aimed to boost the bank’s capital adequacy ratio and support its growth plans. 2. HDFC Limited – In August 2020, Housing Development Finance Corporation Limited (HDFC Ltd.), one of India’s leading housing finance companies, successfully raised around INR 14,000 crores ($1.9 billion) through QIP. The purpose behind the QIP issuance was to strengthen the company’s balance sheet, maintain adequate liquidity levels, and support growth opportunities in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. 3. Bajaj Finance – In July 2021, Bajaj Finance Limited, a leading non-banking financial company in India, raised INR 4,430 crores (approximately $600 million) through Qualified Institutional Placement (QIP). The company priced its shares at a premium and gathered strong demand due to its robust financial performance. The funds raised through the QIP were intended to enhance Bajaj Finance’s capital adequacy, maintain liquidity buffer, and support the company’s growth plans in various financing segments.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Qualified Institutional Placement (QIP)?
A Qualified Institutional Placement (QIP) is a fundraising method employed by publicly listed companies to issue shares, convertible securities, or bonds to a specific group of qualified institutional buyers. It is a fast-track approach to raising capital without the need for regulatory approvals or extensive paperwork, as is generally required in other public offerings.
What types of securities can be issued through a QIP?
A QIP allows companies to issue equity shares, fully or partly convertible debentures, non-convertible debt securities, warrants, or a combination of these securities to qualified institutional buyers.
Who are considered qualified institutional buyers?
Qualified institutional buyers (QIBs) include mutual funds, insurance companies, banks, financial institutions, venture capital funds, pension funds, foreign institutional investors, and other entities that are registered and regulated under their respective jurisdictions.
What are the advantages of Qualified Institutional Placement?
Some advantages of QIP include: 1. Faster approval process compared to other public offerings2. Lower costs due to minimal advertising and regulatory requirements 3. Enhanced credibility due to fundraising from reputable institutions4. Easier access to funds for growth and expansion
Are there any limitations or restrictions for issuing securities through QIP?
Yes, some restrictions apply, such as:1. QIP is only available to companies that are listed on a recognized stock exchange in India.2. A company cannot raise more than five times its net worth through QIP in a financial year.3. Pricing must adhere to the guidelines set by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).4. A resolution must be passed by the board of directors or shareholders to authorize the issuance of securities through QIP.
What is the difference between a QIP and an Initial Public Offering (IPO)?
An Initial Public Offering (IPO) is the first time a company offers its shares to the general public, while a Qualified Institutional Placement (QIP) is a fundraising method that allows already listed companies to issue securities to specific, qualified institutional buyers.
Can retail investors participate in a QIP?
No, retail investors cannot participate in a QIP as it is exclusively available to qualified institutional buyers. Retail investors can invest in IPOs, Follow-on Public Offerings (FPOs), and other security offerings available to the general public.

Related Finance Terms

    • Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)
    • Equity Shares
    • Private Placement
    • Qualified Institutional Buyers (QIBs)
    • Pricing of Shares

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