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Qualified Domestic Institutional Investor (QDII)


Qualified Domestic Institutional Investor (QDII) is a financial term referring to an investment scheme that allows domestic financial institutions in a country to invest in offshore financial products and markets. This program aims to diversify investment options for domestic investors and help in capital outflows management. QDII financial institutions usually include banks, insurance companies, and securities companies that meet specific regulatory requirements.


“Qualified Domestic Institutional Investor” in phonetics can be transcribed as:/kwəˈlʌɪ.fʌɪd/ /dəˈmɛs.tɪk/ /ˌɪn.stɪˈtuː.ʃən.əl/ /ɪnˈvɛs.tɝ/ and “QDII” can be pronounced as: /ˈkjuːˌdiːˈaɪːˈaɪː/

Key Takeaways

  1. Qualified Domestic Institutional Investor (QDII) is a program that allows domestic institutional investors in a country to invest in foreign capital markets, providing them the opportunity to diversify their investment portfolios and participate in the global financial markets.
  2. QDII was initially introduced in China to help Chinese investors access foreign markets, alleviate pressure on the domestic currency, and promote the country’s financial market liberalization. Following China’s lead, other countries have also adopted similar programs.
  3. Some potential benefits of QDII for domestic investors include: diversification across different asset classes and economies, access to potentially higher returns in foreign markets, and the possibility of managing foreign exchange risk through global investments. However, QDII investments also carry additional risks such as currency risks, changes in regulatory environments, and foreign market fluctuations.


The term Qualified Domestic Institutional Investor (QDII) is important in the realms of business and finance as it refers to institutions that have the authorization to invest in foreign financial markets on behalf of domestic investors. This concept facilitates capital outflows and investment diversification, thus enabling investors residing in countries with restrictions on international investments to gain exposure to global financial products and services. By providing access to foreign markets, QDIIs not only promote global financial integration but also help domestic investors mitigate risks associated with the concentration of investments in local markets. Furthermore, QDII schemes contribute to the development of domestic financial institutions by enhancing their proficiency in global investment strategies and improving their competitive edge in the international arena.


The Qualified Domestic Institutional Investor (QDII) scheme, introduced by multiple countries, serves a vital purpose in providing domestic institutional investors with a structured and regulated channel to invest in overseas markets. This mechanism aims to address the limited international investment opportunities within domestic markets and facilitate the diversification of investment portfolios. It enables domestic investors to seek better returns and reduce market risks by granting them access to a broader range of financial products and instruments available in foreign markets. Consequently, this scheme promotes global financial market integration and encourages cross-border investment flows. Furthermore, the QDII scheme is significant as it helps domestic investors in mitigating exchange rate risks and allows them to benefit from fluctuations in foreign currency. It also indirectly boosts the country’s foreign exchange reserves, assisting policymakers in managing the balance of payments. Local economies implementing the QDII system strongly regulate the activities of participating institutions, ensuring adherence to strict risk management and compliance procedures to safeguard investor interests. Overall, the QDII mechanism serves as a strategic tool in fostering global investment cooperation and contributes to the development of a more stable and balanced global financial landscape.


1. China’s QDII Scheme (2006): China introduced the Qualified Domestic Institutional Investor (QDII) scheme in 2006 to allow selected financial institutions to invest in foreign financial markets, primarily investment products such as stocks, bonds, and mutual funds. The program aimed to aid Chinese investors in diversifying their investments and reducing the pressure on the domestic capital market. The first QDII license was issued to China Asset Management Co., which allowed the company to launch foreign investment funds and provide Chinese investors access to overseas markets. 2. South Korea’s QDII Program (2007): Similar to China, South Korea introduced its version of the QDII in 2007, allowing domestic institutions such as asset management firms, insurance companies, and banks to invest in international markets. The program started with a quota of $10 billion and aimed to encourage outbound investments in securities or other financial products available in foreign markets. One example is Mirae Asset Global Investments, a South Korea-based asset management company that, through the QDII program, has expanded its operations globally and provided Korean investors access to a diverse range of international financial products. 3. Taiwan’s QDII Scheme (2017): In 2017, Taiwan’s Financial Supervisory Commission authorized the QDII scheme to allow insurance and asset management companies to invest in international markets. This move aimed to provide more investment avenues for Taiwanese investors and help the domestic financial sector expand its operations overseas. Cathay Life Insurance, one of Taiwan’s largest life insurance companies, is an example of a company that has since invested heavily in global markets via the QDII program.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Qualified Domestic Institutional Investor (QDII)?
A Qualified Domestic Institutional Investor (QDII) is a financial institution that has the regulatory approval to invest in foreign markets on behalf of its clients. This program allows domestic investors in a country (e.g. China) to access and invest in international financial products, such as stocks, bonds, and other securities.
Which countries have implemented the QDII program?
The QDII program was first introduced in China in 2006 and is now also used in countries like South Korea and Taiwan, among others. Each country has its specific regulatory framework and requirements for QDII.
What are the benefits of the QDII program?
The QDII program offers several benefits, including: 1. Diversification: Domestic investors can diversify their portfolios by investing in global markets and asset classes.2. Access to foreign investment opportunities: Investors can access investment opportunities that may not be available in their domestic markets.3. Risk management: By investing in different markets, investors can mitigate country-specific risks and global market fluctuations.
How do domestic investors participate in the QDII program?
Domestic investors can participate in the QDII program by investing in financial products offered by QDII institutions, such as mutual funds, insurance products, or wealth management products, that target overseas investments.
Are there any restrictions on the type of investments a QDII can make?
Yes, there can be restrictions on the types of investments a QDII can make, depending on the regulations in their respective countries. For example, in China, QDIIs can invest in global shares, bonds, and other products permitted by the regulators, but they must follow specific guidelines and requirements, such as investment quotas and risk management regulations.
How is the QDII program related to capital controls?
The QDII program is a way for countries with capital controls to cautiously open up their financial markets and allow domestic investors to access global investment opportunities. By regulating domestic institutions investing overseas, the country can maintain control over the flow of investment capital and exchange rate fluctuations.
Are there any risks associated with investing through a QDII?
Yes, there are risks associated with investing through a QDII, including currency risk, political risk, and regulatory risk. Additionally, investors may face higher transaction costs and limited investment choices compared to directly investing in foreign markets. It is essential for investors to research and understand these risks before participating in a QDII program.

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