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Qualified Appraisal


A Qualified Appraisal is a formal, documented evaluation of an item’s fair market value, usually conducted by an unbiased professional appraiser. It is often required for tax-related purposes, especially when donating or claiming large-value items for tax deductions. The appraisal must meet specific IRS criteria, including information about the appraiser and item, and a detailed description of the item’s condition, to be considered a Qualified Appraisal.


The phonetic pronunciation of the keyword “Qualified Appraisal” is: kwɒlɪˌfaɪd əˈpreɪzl

Key Takeaways

  1. Qualified Appraisal is a detailed, professional evaluation of an item’s worth: A qualified appraisal is conducted by a qualified appraiser who has the knowledge and expertise to accurately determine the value of property such as real estate, collectibles, or other assets. The appraiser follows standardized methods, guidelines, and ethical considerations to ensure that the appraisal is objective and reliable.
  2. It is often required for tax and legal purposes: When individuals or businesses need to document the value of an asset for tax deductions, charitable contributions, estate planning, insurance claims, or other legal matters, a qualified appraisal is often required. This ensures that the reported value is accurate, substantiated, and legally accepted.
  3. It provides important documentation for buyers and sellers: In addition to fulfilling legal and tax requirements, qualified appraisals can provide buyers and sellers with crucial information about the value of an asset. This can help to inform decisions about buying, selling, or investing in the property, and it provides necessary documentation in case of disputes or challenges to the property’s value.


The term “Qualified Appraisal” is important in the realm of business and finance because it represents a comprehensive, unbiased, and well-documented evaluation of an asset’s worth, performed by a qualified appraiser. This is often required by governmental agencies and financial institutions for compliance and legitimacy when dealing with securities, real estate, business ownership, or personal property transactions. The presence of a qualified appraisal ensures that the value of an asset is accurate and fair for all parties involved – such as buyers, sellers, investors, or donors – ultimately reducing disputes, legal complications, and potential financial losses. It also provides essential data for taxation, financial planning, and investment decision-making processes.


A qualified appraisal serves a key purpose in the realm of finance, particularly when it comes to valuing assets or property. It is an important tool that ensures investments, transactions, and financial decision-making are well-informed and based on accurate data. One primary use of a qualified appraisal is to establish the fair market value of an asset or property as part of a transaction, such as a sale, merger, or acquisition. By providing an objective, expert standpoint on the worth of an asset, the appraisal offers a neutral foundation upon which negotiations and agreements can be built. A qualified appraisal is also utilized in estate and gift tax planning, as it helps to verify the value of assets, reducing the likelihood of disputes or tax reporting inaccuracies.

In addition to facilitating transactions, a qualified appraisal is instrumental in strategic decision-making and compliance with financial regulations. For example, business owners and investors rely on these appraisals to guide their investment decisions, determining whether to purchase or sell assets based on their assessed value. Further, in cases where a tax deduction is sought for a charitable donation, a qualified appraisal can substantiate the value of assets being donated, meeting the requirements of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the United States. Ensuring that a qualified appraisal is acquired from a professional appraiser following the guidelines set by relevant regulatory bodies helps protect businesses and individuals from the potential risks associated with inaccurate valuations and non-compliance.


A qualified appraisal is an official evaluation of the value of a property, asset, or personal item, usually conducted by an accredited or certified professional. This appraisal is often required for tax or legal purposes, particularly when claiming tax deductions for non-cash charitable donations, settling estates, or engaging in certain business transactions. Here are three real-world examples of a qualified appraisal:

1. Charitable Donation of Artwork: An art collector donates a valuable painting to a non-profit art museum and plans to claim a tax deduction for the donation. To ensure that both the donor and the museum are aware of the painting’s fair market value, and to comply with the IRS requirements, the art collector hires a certified art appraiser. The appraiser conducts a thorough assessment of the painting and provides a qualified appraisal including all necessary documentation before the collector can submit their tax return with the deduction.

2. Estate Settlement: Upon the passing of a wealthy individual, their estate must be settled and the assets distributed among heirs according to a will or state laws. The estate includes a sizable real estate portfolio with multiple properties. An accredited real estate appraiser conducts a qualified appraisal of each property to determine its fair market value at the time of the owner’s passing. These appraisals are necessary for calculating estate tax liabilities and ensuring a fair distribution of assets among the beneficiaries.

3. Acquisition of a New Business: A company wants to acquire a smaller business as part of its expansion strategy. To assess the targeted business’ true value and determine an appropriate offer price, the acquiring company hires a certified business appraiser. The appraiser conducts a thorough evaluation of the target company’s financials, assets, and market position, ultimately providing a qualified appraisal to inform the negotiation process of the acquisition.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Qualified Appraisal?

A qualified appraisal is a formal, documented evaluation of an asset’s value, conducted by an authorized professional appraiser. It is often required for tax and legal purposes, usually during transactions such as the sale of a business, estate planning, charitable donations, or determining the value of a gift.

Who can perform a Qualified Appraisal?

Qualified appraisals must be conducted by a licensed or accredited appraiser with experience and demonstrated knowledge in the industry or asset type being evaluated. The appraiser must also be impartial and have no financial interest in the asset.

When do I need a Qualified Appraisal?

You may need a qualified appraisal:1. For tax purposes – when claiming a charitable deduction over a certain threshold.2. For estate planning – to establish the value of assets.3. For legal purposes – during divorce or partnership disputes to determine value division.4. During sale or purchase of a business – to assure the buyer and lender of the asset’s value.5. For insurance claims and coverage – to assess the value of assets needed for coverage or in the event of loss and damage claims.

How is a Qualified Appraisal performed?

The appraiser uses a comprehensive process that includes analyzing factors such as the market, the income generated by the asset, and the cost of replacing the asset. Additionally, they may reference recent sales or transactions involving similar assets, conduct an on-site examination, or consult with industry experts.

How much does a Qualified Appraisal cost?

The cost of a qualified appraisal varies, depending on factors such as the type and complexity of the asset, the appraiser’s experience, and the geographical location. It’s essential to obtain quotes from multiple appraisers to determine the average cost for your specific needs.

Can a qualified appraisal be challenged or disputed?

Yes, a qualified appraisal can be challenged or disputed if there are questions about the appraiser’s qualifications, methodology, or impartiality. In such cases, it may be necessary to seek a second opinion from another qualified appraiser or additional supporting documentation to resolve the dispute.

How long is a Qualified Appraisal valid?

The validity of a qualified appraisal depends on the nature of the specific asset and market conditions. Typically, appraisals are valid for a limited time, such as six months to a year, as market conditions and asset values can change.

Related Finance Terms

  • Appraisal Report
  • IRS-Defined Qualified Appraiser
  • Fair Market Value
  • Non-Cash Charitable Contributions
  • Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (USPAP)

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