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QQQQ, also known as “Nasdaq-100 Index Tracking Stock,” was an exchange-traded fund (ETF) that tracked the performance of the Nasdaq-100 Index. This ETF allowed investors to gain exposure to the 100 largest non-financial companies listed on the Nasdaq stock exchange. In 2011, QQQQ was renamed to QQQ and is now commonly known as “PowerShares QQQ ETF” or “Invesco QQQ.”


The phonetics of the keyword “QQQQ” would be: Quebec Quebec Quebec Quebec (using the NATO phonetic alphabet).

Key Takeaways

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The term “QQQQ” is important in business and finance as it was the previous ticker symbol for the Invesco QQQ Trust, an Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) that tracks the performance of the NASDAQ-100 Index. The NASDAQ-100 comprises the 100 largest non-financial companies listed on the NASDAQ stock market, which predominantly includes high-performing technology and innovative firms. As an investment vehicle, the Invesco QQQ Trust provides investors with exposure to these influential companies, allowing them to diversify their investment portfolios while potentially gaining from strong market performance. Although the ticker symbol changed from “QQQQ” to “QQQ” in 2011, it remains a popular and widely recognized reference in the finance world.


The QQQQ, commonly referred to as “the Q’s” or “NASDAQ-100 Index,” is a popular Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) that tracks the performance of the top 100 non-financial companies listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange. The primary purpose of the QQQQ is to allow investors to gain diversified exposure to large-cap technological and innovative stocks while minimizing the potential risks associated with individual stock ownership. As an ETF, the QQQQ provides a cost-effective and efficient way for investors to participate in the growth of these leading-edge companies, such as Amazon, Apple, and Microsoft, which are known for their strong performance and revenue generation.

The QQQQ is widely used by both professional and retail investors for various investment strategies, including portfolio diversification, sector allocation, and hedging tactics. Many investors opt for investing in the QQQQ as a long-term growth component within their portfolios, benefiting from the technology sector’s historical outperformance compared to the broader market. Moreover, the QQQQ is also popular among active traders, given its high liquidity and strong correlation with the technology sector’s overall sentiment and market trends. As a result, the QQQQ serves as a flexible investment tool, allowing investors to align their market exposure with their specific risk tolerance, financial goals, and investment time horizons.


The QQQQ (formerly referred to as the Nasdaq-100 Index Tracking Stock) is an exchange-traded fund (ETF) that tracks the performance of the Nasdaq-100 Index. The ETF is now known as the Invesco QQQ ETF and is traded under the ticker symbol QQQ. Three real-world examples of QQQ include:

1. Investment Portfolio Diversification: An investor who wants to diversify their portfolio and gain exposure to technology and non-financial sector companies listed on the NASDAQ exchange may invest in QQQ. This ETF enables the investor to track the performance of the largest 100 non-financial companies listed on the NASDAQ stock market index.

2. Passive Investing: For investors who prefer a passive investing strategy, QQQ offers a low-expense way to invest in the high-growth technology sector without trying to pick individual stocks. By investing in QQQ, the investor will effectively replicate the performance of the Nasdaq-100 index, which includes companies like Apple, Amazon, Facebook, and Google parent company Alphabet.

3. Trading Strategies: Active traders use the QQQ ETF as a tool to implement various trading strategies, such as an index arbitrage or a pairs trading strategy. For example, a trader might buy QQQ while shorting the S&P 500 if they believe technology stocks will outperform the broader market. Conversely, a trader who thinks the tech sector is overvalued might short the QQQ ETF while maintaining long positions in other sectors or indices for a relative value trade.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is QQQQ?

QQQQ was the previous ticker symbol for the Invesco QQQ Trust, a popular exchange-traded fund (ETF) designed to track the performance of the NASDAQ-100 Index. QQQQ has now been updated to the new ticker symbol, QQQ.

What does the Invesco QQQ Trust represent?

Invesco QQQ Trust represents a large-cap growth index that includes 100 of the largest non-financial stocks listed on the NASDAQ Stock Market. It provides broad exposure to the technology, consumer discretionary, healthcare, and communication services sectors.

How can I invest in QQQ?

You can invest in QQQ by purchasing shares through a brokerage account like any other listed stock. Most online and full-service brokerages offer access to QQQ. You can buy or sell QQQ shares during the trading hours of the stock market.

What is the expense ratio for QQQ?

The expense ratio for Invesco QQQ Trust is 0.20%, which means that for every $10,000 invested, the annual cost would be $20. This expense ratio is relatively low compared to actively managed funds but may be higher than some other passively managed index funds.

How has the performance of QQQ been historically?

Historically, QQQ has had strong performance, driven by the growth of technology and other innovative companies. However, past performance does not guarantee future results, and you should carefully consider your risk tolerance, investment goals, and research before making any investment.

Are dividends paid by QQQ?

Yes, QQQ pays dividends. The fund’s dividend yield varies over time, based on the performance of its holdings and their dividend payouts. Dividends are usually paid quarterly, and the dividend yield can be found on financial websites or directly through the Invesco website.

Is QQQ suitable for all investors?

QQQ is suitable for investors seeking exposure to an index that focuses on the technology sector and other growth-oriented industries. However, it may not be suitable for all investors due to its concentration in certain sectors. Investors should consider their risk tolerance, investment goals, and diversification needs before investing in QQQ or any other investment instruments.

Related Finance Terms

  • ETF (Exchange-Traded Fund)
  • NASDAQ-100 Index
  • Large-Cap Companies
  • Passive Investment Strategy
  • Portfolio Diversification

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