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A put is a type of financial contract in options trading that gives the owner the right, but not the obligation, to sell a certain amount of an underlying asset at a specified price within a specific time frame. The buyer of a put option believes that the underlying asset will drop in value before the expiration date. In contrast, the seller of the put option has the obligation to buy the asset if the put option is exercised.


The phonetic spelling of the word “Put” is /pʊt/.

Key Takeaways

I’m sorry, but can you clarify what you mean by “Put”? Are you referring to a put option in investing, or something else?


In the realm of business and finance, a “put” is an essential term referring to an option contract that gives the owner the right, but not the obligation, to sell a certain amount of an underlying security at a specified price before the option’s expiration date. The importance of put options lies in their ability to provide investors with the opportunity to gain profits or hedge against potential losses in bearish markets or declining prices. They allow investors to lock in a selling price for a security, thereby offering protection against price drops. Additionally, they can also be used for speculation, offering a way for investors to wager on the decline of a security’s price. Thus, understanding and utilizing put options can be a significant tool in risk management and speculation strategies, making “put” an important term in the business and finance industry.


A put is a crucial financial instrument which serves a pivotal role in trading and risk management within financial markets. Its purpose lies in providing the holder, which may be an investor or trader, a right, but not the obligation, to sell a specified amount of an underlying asset at a set price within a specified time. In substantial essence, puts are contractual agreements used for hedging against potential declines in the value of an underlying asset, thus they offer a form of insurance. This could range from stocks, commodities, securities to bonds, among others. By buying a put, the holder is essentially protecting their investment portfolio from adverse market movements.In the business world, puts are typically used as an effective risk management tool. If a trader anticipates that the price of a given asset might decline, he can purchase a put option to profit from this potential decrease. This manifests because, in case the asset’s price falls, the holder may exercise their put option and sell that asset at a higher price than its current market value, leading to a gain. On the other hand, if the asset’s price rises, the investor would only lose the premium paid for the put, limiting their risk exposure. Hence, put options provide an efficient way for investors and traders to profit in bearish markets and at the same time limit their downside risk.


Put option is a financial instrument that is used in stock markets, commodities markets, and futures trading. Here are three real-world examples:1. Stock Market Trading: An investor expects that the shares of Company A, which are currently trading at $50, will experience a substantial decline in value. So, the investor decides to buy a put option for 100 shares with a strike price of $45 which is effective for the next 3 months. If the shares indeed fall below $45, the investor could exercise their put option, sell the shares at $45, and thus protect themselves from the fall in price.2. Commodities Market: An agricultural farmer expects a bumper corn crop this year which could lead to an decline in the price of corn. To protect his earnings, he decides to buy a put option against the expected excess production. If the selling price falls below the strike price before the option matures, he can exercise the put option and hedge against the potential loss.3. Real Estate Market: In a volatile real estate market, a real estate developer may buy a put option to sell a piece of property at a certain strike price. This acts as a form of insurance, ensuring that if property prices do fall, the developer can still sell their property at the agreed-upon price, thus minimizing losses.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Put in finance?

A Put, or Put Option, is a financial contract that gives the holder/owner the right, but not the obligation, to sell a specified quantity of a security at a pre-defined price within a certain time frame. The pre-defined price is often referred to as the strike price.

What factors influence the price of a Put Option?

There are several factors, called the Greeks, that influence the price of a Put Option. These include the current price of the underlying asset, the strike price, the time to expiration, the asset’s volatility, and the risk-free interest rate.

What could be possible reasons to buy a Put?

Individuals might buy a Put if they believe that the price of the underlying asset will decrease. A Put provides a way to profit from a downturn in the asset’s price. Put options can also be used to hedge existing long positions against downside risk.

Who are the parties involved in a Put Option Contract?

The two primary parties in a Put Option Contract are the buyer and the seller (also known as the writer). The buyer has the right to sell the underlying asset, while the seller has the obligation to buy it if the buyer chooses to exercise the option.

What does it mean to ‘exercise a Put’?

To ‘exercise a Put’ means to invoke the rights under the terms of the Put Option – in other words, to sell the underlying asset at the strike price, before the option’s expiration date.

What are the risks associated with trading Put Options?

While Put Options can offer significant profits if the price of the underlying asset falls, buyers can lose all of their investment if the price of the underlying asset is above the strike price at expiration. Sellers, on the other hand, have the risk of a potential large loss if the price of the underlying asset falls substantially.

How are Put Options different from Call Options?

A Put Option gives the right to sell an asset, while a Call Option gives the right to buy an asset. Primarily, traders buy Put Options when they anticipate a decrease in the price of the underlying asset and buy Call Options when they anticipate an increase in price.

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