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A pip, which stands for “percentage in point,” is a unit of measure used in foreign exchange trading to represent the smallest price move a currency pair can make. Generally, it is equivalent to 0.0001 of a change in value. For pairs that involve the Japanese yen, a pip is 0.01 due to the currency’s low value relative to others.


The phonetics of the keyword “Pip” is /pɪp/.

Key Takeaways

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  1. Pip, in Charles Dickens’ “Great Expectations” , is a character that embodies the psychological complexity that Dickens brings to his characters. He is at once a character with dreams and aspirations, as well as drawbacks and failings.
  2. Pip’s story is a journey of self-discovery and personal growth. Despite his initial naive and selfish desires for wealth and social status, he gradually gains humbleness and empathy, realizing that moral and intrinsic values are far more important.
  3. His relationship with the different characters, like Estella, Joe, and Miss Havisham, plays a significant part in his development. They shape his aspirations, character, and understanding of the world, leading to his ultimate transformation.



A “pip” is a significant term in financial and business contexts, primarily in forex trading, as it’s a standard unit to measure the change in a currency pair’s exchange rate. The term stands for “percentage in point” or “price interest point” and represents the smallest increment that an exchange rate can move. It is typically the fourth decimal point in most currency pairs, or the second decimal point when JPY is in the pair. With the traders, understanding and calculating pips is important because it directly impacts the calculation of their potential gain or loss, allowing them to make strategic decisions in their operations, manage risk effectively, and maximize their profits. Therefore, even a small change in pips can have a significant impact on the value of the open position and, by extension, a trader’s success.


A Pip, or Point in Percentage, serves an essential purpose in the finance and business world, particularly in foreign exchange (forex) trading. It measures the slightest change in the exchange rate of a currency pair, making it a crucial indicator for forex traders to determine their potential profit or loss. With it, you get an objective means to quantify the fluctuations in exchange rates, thus making decision-making in forex trading more precise and standardized.Pips are primarily used to calculate gains and losses in a forex transaction. When a currency price changes in the market, that change is measured in terms of Pips. So, if a trader predicted the change correctly, that could result in a profit of several pips, which then can be converted to the actual money made from the trade. In short, the key purpose of a Pip is to provide a standardized measure of movement in the exchange rate, which is crucial to calculate the financial gain or loss in a forex trade.


1. In the foreign exchange market: The trading value of the British Pound (GBP) against the United States Dollar (USD) is priced at 1.3142 and later in the day, the price changes to 1.3147. This increase of 0.0005, or 5 pips, could signify gains for a forex trader who entered a long (buy) position on GBP/USD at the former price.2. In Commodity Trading: A commodities trader dealing with oil futures may notice that the contract price for Brent Crude Oil is at $52.85 and within the trading day, the price increases to $52.86. This change represents a move of 1 pip. In this case, each pip correlates to a change in the price of $10, so the trader may have made a profit or loss depending on their chosen position. 3. In the world of cryptocurrencies: Let’s say a trader is keeping track of the exchange rate between Bitcoin (BTC) and USD. If the BTC/USD pair is valued at $19,000.00 and then moves to $19,000.01, that 0.01 change is equivalent to 1 pip. The trader’s profit or loss would depend on the size of their position and the number of pips the price has changed.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a pip in finance?

A pip, or point in percentage, is a small measure of change in a currency pair in the forex market. It is usually 1/100th of 1%.

How is a pip calculated?

A pip is usually calculated by taking the fourth decimal place in a currency quote. For example, if the currency pair EUR/USD moves from 1.3050 to 1.3051, that .0001 rise in value is ONE Pip.

What is the value of a pip?

The monetary value of a pip can vary according to the size of your trade and the currency you are trading. The difference in pips between the bid and ask is called the spread.

How are pips used in forex trading?

Pips are used in forex trading to determine the profits and losses on a trade. For instance, if a trader says they made 40 pips , they mean that their position has increased by 0.0040.

Can pip values vary between currency pairs?

Yes, pip values can be different between various currency pairs due to exchange rate variations, trade sizes and other factors.

Is a pip always the fourth decimal point?

Not necessarily. While a pip is generally the fourth decimal point, in pairs involving the Japanese Yen, it is represented as the second decimal point due to the lower value of the yen against other currencies.

What is a pipette?

A pipette or fractional pip is an extra digit added to some brokers’ quotes. It is typically the fifth decimal point, or the third in yen pairs, adding a greater level of price precision.

How does a spread affect pips?

The spread represents the cost of trading and is measured in pips. For instance, if the spread for EUR/USD is 2 pips and the current price is 1.1500, a trader would enter the market at 1.1502.

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