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Piotroski Score


The Piotroski Score is a financial tool used to determine the strength of a company’s financial position. It’s a scoring system between 0 to 9, developed by Stanford accounting professor Joseph Piotroski, which applies nine criteria to evaluate a firm’s financial performance and health. A higher score indicates a healthier and more profitable company.


The phonetics of the keyword “Piotroski Score” would be: pee – oh – trows – kee skor.

Key Takeaways

  1. The Piotroski Score is a financial evaluation tool that assesses the strength of a company’s financial position. Created by Joseph Piotroski, it uses nine specific criteria to provide an overall score of a company’s financial health.
  2. This score ranges from 0 to 9, where a higher score indicates stronger financial health. Generally, a score of 5 or above is considered good. It can assist potential investors in identifying successful companies, particularly in the value investing space.
  3. Although the Piotroski Score is a great tool for assessing a company’s financial position, it doesn’t consider factors like industry position, economic conditions, or competitiveness. Therefore, it’s advisable to use the score alongside other investment evaluation methods.


The Piotroski Score is an important financial tool used by investors to determine the strength of a publicly traded manufacturing company. The score, which ranges between zero and nine, is calculated based on several criteria related to the company’s financial situation, including profitability, leverage, liquidity, source of funds, and operating efficiency. A higher score typically indicates a stronger, more stable financial condition, leading investors to perceive such a company as a safer investment. Therefore, the Piotroski Score helps investors make more informed decisions by providing detailed insights into a company’s financial health.


The Piotroski Score is a powerful financial tool used to assess the strength of a company’s financial position. Developed by Stanford accounting professor Joseph Piotroski, this tool is particularly valuable for identifying value stocks having promising investment potential. By using the Piotroski Score, investors can evaluate a firm’s profitability, efficiency, and leverage, helping them make informed decisions about their investments.The purpose of the Piotroski Score is to differentiate companies that are financially solid from those which might merely appear strong due to accounting manipulations or temporary factors. The score considers various parameters in the financial statements of a company, such as return on assets, operating cash flow, change in return of assets, and others. The score totals nine points and a company with a higher score (usually 7 or above) is considered to have healthy financial indicators. Utilizing the Piotroski Score, investors can potentially avoid value traps, which are stocks that appear undervalued but are fundamentally weak.


The Piotroski Score is a discrete score between 0-9 that reflects nine criteria used to determine the strength of a firm’s financial position. This score helps to identify high-performing companies. Let’s look at three real-world examples:1. Apple Inc.: As of 2017, Apple had a very high Piotroski Score of 8, indicating that the company was doing incredibly well in terms of financial performance. The factors that contributed to this high score included an increasing annual net income, consistently strong profitability, and no external financing operations. 2. General Electric Company (GE): In contrast to Apple, General Electric had a substantially lower Piotroski Score, indicating financial turmoil and signifying a risky investment. This was reflected in their score of 1 in 2018, due to several failed criteria such as unfavorable profitability, efficiency of the company, and increasing debt.3. Microsoft Corporation: Another tech giant, Microsoft, consistently maintains a high Piotroski Score. For instance, in 2020 it had a score of 7, which was a result of strong profitability and operating efficiency metrics. The high score indicated that Microsoft was a safe bet for investors during the period.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is the Piotroski Score?

The Piotroski Score is a financial scoring system developed by Chicago Accounting professor, Joseph Piotroski. This system is designed to help determine the strength of a company’s financial position by scoring it on a scale of 0 to 9 based on set criteria including profitability, leverage, and operating efficiency.

How is the Piotroski Score calculated?

The Piotroski Score is calculated based on nine criteria within profitability, leverage, liquidity, source of funds and operating efficiency. Each criterion that is met gives the company a point and the points are added up to give the final Piotroski Score.

What does a high Piotroski Score mean?

A high Piotroski Score typically indicates a company with a strong financial position. On the scale of 0 to 9, a score of 8 or 9 is generally considered to be excellent and evidence of a robust, healthy company.

Can the Piotroski Score be used to predict a company’s future performance?

While a high Piotroski Score does reflect a strong financial position, it should be noted that past performance does not typically predict future outcomes. The score should be used as one tool in an overall toolkit of due diligence and analysis.

Is Piotroski Score a standalone tool for investing decisions?

No, the Piotroski Score is not a standalone tool to make investment decisions. It’s a method to identify financially strong companies, but investors should still review a company’s detailed financials, market position, and other relevant aspects before making an investment.

Can a company with a low Piotroski Score also perform well?

Yes, a company with a low Piotroski Score can also perform well, as this tool mainly measures financial health rather than market performance. However, a low score might indicate financial weaknesses that could impact performance in the future.

Can Piotroski Score be used for any type of company?

The Piotroski Score is most often used to evaluate publicly traded companies, as the necessary financial data is readily available in such cases. However, in theory, it could be used for any company where necessary financial data is obtainable.

Related Finance Terms

  • Value Investing: This is a strategy that involves picking stocks that appear to be trading for less than their intrinsic or book value. Piotroski Score is commonly used in this investing approach.
  • Financial Statement Analysis: Piotroski Score involves deep analysis of a company’s financial statement to determine its financial strength and stability.
  • Profitability: This refers to a company’s ability to generate earnings as compared to its expenses and other costs. It’s one of the aspects considered in calculating the Piotroski Score.
  • Leverage, Liquidity, and Source of Funds: Piotroski Score takes into account these components to evaluate a company’s financial health.
  • Operating Efficiency: This term refers to the effectiveness of a company’s operations. It comprises one of the factors that is evaluated in determining a Piotroski Score.

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