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Parabolic SAR (Stop and Reverse) Indicator


The Parabolic SAR (Stop and Reverse) Indicator is a technical analysis tool used to identify potential points of trend reversal in financial markets. Developed by J. Welles Wilder Jr., it relies on historical price and time data to calculate a series of stop loss points. These points assist traders in determining when to exit or enter a trade, as they signal potential trend reversals when the price crosses the indicator levels.


The phonetics of the keyword “Parabolic SAR (Stop and Reverse) Indicator” is:Pər-ə-BAH-lik SAHR (STAHP and rih-VERS) in-di-KAY-tər

Key Takeaways

  1. Parabolic SAR is a technical analysis indicator developed by Welles Wilder, primarily used for detecting potential reversal points in market trends.
  2. The indicator appears as a series of dots plotted on a price chart, representing the potential stop loss or trailing stop levels for either buying or selling positions. The dots are placed below the price during an uptrend and above the price during a downtrend.
  3. Parabolic SAR can provide signals for both entry and exit points, as well as provide insights for trend following strategies. Traders should be aware of the limitations of this indicator, such as its lagging nature and potential false signals during periods of sideways market movement.


The Parabolic SAR (Stop and Reverse) Indicator is important in business and finance because it provides traders with a valuable tool for determining the direction of a security’s momentum and signaling potential trend reversals. By generating entry and exit points, it helps traders to optimize their trading strategies and minimize risk. The indicator plots a series of parabolic dots either above or below an asset’s price, providing visual cues for identifying short-term price movements and potential trend changes. As a versatile and adaptive indicator, the Parabolic SAR is widely used by traders across various financial markets to enhance their decision-making processes and improve their overall trading performance.


The Parabolic SAR (Stop and Reverse) Indicator is a popular and versatile technical analysis tool, primarily utilized by traders and investors to determine potential trend reversals and optimal entry and exit points in financial markets. Its main purpose is to provide a straightforward method to identify trend direction while signaling when to buy or sell a particular financial instrument. Developed by J. Welles Wilder Jr. in 1978, the Parabolic SAR Indicator embodies a unique system that can respond to changing market conditions by plotting parabolic curves and deciphering trends in the asset’s price movement. As a result, traders and investors can make more informed decisions regarding their entry and exit strategies to maximize profits or minimize losses.

In practical use, the Parabolic SAR Indicator presents dots or points on the price chart, with the position of these dots providing vital information regarding the trend direction and momentum. When the dots are displayed below the price of an asset, it suggests an uptrend, signifying that it might be an opportune time to buy or hold a long position. Conversely, when the dots are positioned above the asset’s price, it denotes a downtrend and advises traders to sell or establish a short position. The indicator also possesses a sensitive nature, adjusting itself based on price fluctuations and showcasing the potential for reversals through the shifting positions of the dots. By integrating the Parabolic SAR Indicator into their trading toolkit, traders and investors have the opportunity to enhance their market prediction capabilities, optimize their trade execution, and ultimately foster more profitable outcomes.


The Parabolic SAR (Stop and Reverse) indicator, developed by J. Welles Wilder Jr., is a technical analysis tool used in trading to determine potential reversals in a market’s trend. It is commonly used in stocks, forex, and commodities trading. Here are three real-world examples of the Parabolic SAR Indicator used in various markets:

1. Foreign Exchange (Forex) Market: A trader using the Parabolic SAR Indicator in the Forex market might analyze the currency pair, such as EUR/USD (Euro/US Dollar), to anticipate a possible reversal in price trends. They would observe the Parabolic SAR dots in relation to the price movement. If the dots are below the prices, it might indicate a bullish scenario, suggesting it’s a suitable time to buy the currency pair. If the dots are above the prices, it might signify a bearish scenario, indicating a suitable time to sell.

2. Stock Market: A stock market investor could employ the Parabolic SAR Indicator to evaluate individual stocks or indices for possible trend reversals. For instance, they may use it while analyzing the stock price movement of Apple Inc. (AAPL). If the Parabolic SAR dots are below the prices, the investor might view this as a buying opportunity, anticipating an upward trend. Conversely, if the dots are above the prices, they may consider selling their position or shorting the stock in anticipation of a downward trend.

3. Commodities Market: A commodities trader might use the Parabolic SAR Indicator to assess the trend of a commodity, such as gold or crude oil. If the Parabolic SAR dots are below the prices, they might anticipate an upward trend in the commodity’s price, leading them to invest in a long position. On the other hand, if the Parabolic SAR dots are above the prices, they may see an opportunity to sell or short the commodity, expecting a downturn in prices.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is the Parabolic SAR (Stop and Reverse) Indicator?

The Parabolic SAR (Stop and Reverse) Indicator is a widely-used technical analysis tool designed by J. Welles Wilder Jr. to predict potential trend reversals in the market. It is often used by traders to determine entry and exit points, as well as to set trailing stop loss orders.

How does the Parabolic SAR Indicator work?

The Parabolic SAR Indicator uses a mathematical algorithm to calculate a series of dots that are plotted either above or below an asset’s price on a chart. When the dots are below the price, it signifies an uptrend, suggesting a long (buy) position, and when the dots are above the price, it signifies a downtrend, suggesting a short (sell) position. It is called “Stop and Reverse” because the indicator flips above or below the price when a trend reversal is detected.

How do traders use the Parabolic SAR Indicator to make trading decisions?

Traders typically use the Parabolic SAR Indicator to identify potential entry and exit points, as well as to set trailing stop loss orders. When the dots switch from below to above the price, a trader may decide to sell or short the asset. Conversely, when the dots switch from above to below the price, a trader may decide to buy or go long.

Can the Parabolic SAR Indicator be used for multiple timeframes?

Yes, the Parabolic SAR Indicator can be applied to any timeframe, such as intraday, daily, weekly, or even monthly charts. However, it is crucial to consider the overall context of the market along with the specific asset being traded when using the indicator in various timeframes.

What are the limitations of the Parabolic SAR Indicator?

The Parabolic SAR Indicator is a trend-following tool, and its effectiveness is reduced during periods of sideways or non-trending markets, often leading to false signals. Additionally, the indicator can perform poorly in markets with sudden and sharp price swings, potentially generating inaccurate reversal signals.

Can the Parabolic SAR Indicator be used in conjunction with other technical analysis tools?

Yes, combining the Parabolic SAR Indicator with other technical analysis tools, such as moving averages, RSI, or MACD, can help traders validate signals and make more informed decisions. Using multiple indicators can help traders filter out false signals and increase the likelihood of making accurate trading decisions.

Related Finance Terms

  • Trend-following indicator
  • Welles Wilder
  • Technical analysis
  • Trailing stop loss
  • Price chart

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