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Outsourcing is a business practice where certain functions of a company are contracted out to third parties or external agencies. These could encompass tasks, operations, jobs or processes that were traditionally performed in-house or within the business. The aim is often to reduce costs, improve efficiency, or focus on core competencies.


The phonetics of the keyword “Outsourcing” is /ˈaʊtˌsɔːrsɪŋ/.

Key Takeaways

<ol><li>Outsourcing Offers Cost Savings: Businesses seek to outsource primarily to cut costs. It’s an effective method for companies to minimize their operational expenses, freeing up resources that can be directed towards growth and development initiatives.</li><li>Allows Focus on Core Business Functions: Outsourcing tasks that are not core business functions allows employees to focus on primary business needs, hence improving efficiency and productivity. This means an organization can maintain its competitive edge by outsource non-critical tasks.</li><li>Access to Global Talent and Advanced Technology: Outsourcing offers businesses the opportunity to access skilled professionals worldwide that they might not have been able to afford or find domestically. Moreover, outsourcing also allows access to the latest technology and efficient practices used by specialized vendors.</li></ol>


Outsourcing is a crucial concept in business and finance as it allows businesses to reduce costs and increase efficiency by engaging third-party companies or individuals to carry out certain tasks or functions, often overseas. This strategy offers numerous benefits such as allowing companies to focus on their core competencies, providing access to specialized skills and expertise that may not exist within the organization, and increasing flexibility while reducing overhead costs. Outsourcing can also allow companies to avail services from different time zones, thus ensuring uninterrupted business operations. However, it also involves risks such as quality control, cultural differences and communication issues, and loss of sensitive information, which businesses must manage effectively.


Outsourcing is a popular business strategy for companies looking to improve efficiency, reduce costs, and access specialized expertise. It specifically involves transferring certain services, operations, or business functions to a third-party service provider. In essence, companies leverage on the specialties of external organizations that excel in areas outside their core competencies. For example, a company may decide to outsource its IT support to a firm with advanced technology and experts in that field, enabling its in-house team to focus on their primary roles without the distraction of catering to IT matters.Furthermore, the purpose of outsourcing extends beyond cost reduction and efficiency. It plays a significant role in business expansion and growth. Companies can use outsourcing as a strategic tool to enter new markets. By outsourcing production to manufacturers within the target market, they can quickly establish presence, comply with local regulations, and avoid hefty import taxes. Notably, outsourcing can also be utilized for flexibility. In rapidly changing business environments, firms can adapt to fluctuating demand by outsourcing additional resources during peak seasons and scaling down when necessary. It’s a versatile tool that, when used strategically, can significantly contribute to the overall business success.


1. Apple Inc: Apple is an ideal example of outsourcing. Though they design their products and software in the United States, they outsource most of their manufacturing process to factories in China. Foxconn is one of the main factories where iPhones are assembled and then imported back to the U.S.2. IBM: IBM has been making efficient use of outsourcing since the mid-1990s to cut costs. They have outsourced their IT services and customer service call centers to countries like India and the Philippines where labor cost is much lower than in the U.S.3. Nike: The sportswear giant does not own any factories for manufacturing its products. Instead, Nike outsources the manufacturing process to over 400 factories in 40 countries around the world, most of them being in Southeast Asian countries like Vietnam, Indonesia, and Thailand. This reduces their cost of production and allows focus on design, marketing and sales.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is outsourcing?

Outsourcing is a business practice of hiring an outside company to perform services or create goods that were traditionally performed in-house by the company’s own employees and staff.

Why do businesses opt for outsourcing?

Businesses typically outsource to lower costs, improve efficiency, or gain access to specialized talent and technology. It also allows businesses to focus on their core areas of expertise.

What are some typical services that are outsourced?

Common outsourced services include Information Technology (IT), customer service and support, HR functions, marketing, software development, manufacturing, and logistics.

Does outsourcing only apply to multinational companies?

No, outsourcing can be used by any size of the business – from small startups to multinational corporations. The decision to outsource can be based on a variety of factors including cost-efficiency, need for specialized skills, or resource limitations.

What is the difference between outsourcing and offshoring?

While both involve delegating tasks to third-parties, outsourcing refers to contracting work out to an external company or person, which can be located in the same country. Offshoring, on the other hand, specifically means getting work done in a different country, often to take advantage of lower labor costs.

Can outsourcing have any negative impact?

Yes, while outsourcing has many benefits, it can pose potential risks such as loss of managerial control over outsourced operations, potential threats to security and confidentiality, quality issues, or dependence on the outsourcing provider.

How can a businesses ensure the effectiveness of outsourcing?

This can be achieved by establishing a clear and detailed contract, maintaining a good communication channel with the outsourcing provider, and continuous monitoring to ensure quality and compliance with the agreed standards.

What is business process outsourcing (BPO)?

BPO is a form of outsourcing that involves contracting of operations and responsibilities of specific business processes to a third-party service provider. BPO is typically categorized into back office (such as HR or finance) and front office (like customer relations and marketing).

What are the types of outsourcing?

There are several types of outsourcing, prominent ones being IT Outsourcing, Business Process Outsourcing (BPO), Knowledge Process Outsourcing (KPO), and Professional Process Outsourcing (PPO), each having its specific services and areas of application.

Is it possible to terminate an outsourcing agreement?

Yes, it’s possible, however, the terms of termination should be clearly outlined in the contract, including conditions for termination, notice periods, and any associated penalties or costs.

Related Finance Terms

  • Offshoring
  • Contract Manufacturing
  • Business Process Outsourcing (BPO)
  • Vendor Management
  • Cost Savings

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