Close this search box.

Table of Contents

Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS)


The Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) is an inter-governmental group that promotes economic harmonization and integration among its member states in the Eastern Caribbean. It was established in 1981 and largely focuses on encouraging cooperation and fostering progress in key areas such as foreign policy, defense, and economic affairs. The OECS currently consists of seven full member states which are Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent, and the Grenadines.


Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) phonetics: /ˌɔːrgənaɪˈzeɪʃn əv ˈiːstərn ˌkerəˈbiːən steɪts/ (OECS) /ˌoʊ.iː.siːˈɛs/

Key Takeaways

  1. The Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) is an inter-governmental organisation that promotes economic harmonisation and integration, encouraging good governance and increases in the standard of living among its members. Its mission involves promoting cooperation and contributing to the sustainable development of its members.
  2. OECS consists of six independent countries and three British overseas. These members are: Antigua and Barbuda, Commonwealth of Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines and the British overseas territories are Anguilla and the British Virgin Islands.
  3. The OECS has a comprehensive structure that includes The Authority (which is the supreme policy-making body), a Council of Ministers, a Judicial Committee, and an Economic Affairs Council. Its Secretariat is responsible for the implementation and monitoring of decisions made by these bodies.


The Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) is essential in the business/finance context as it plays a vital role in promoting economic integration and cooperation among its member states, which comprise a number of countries in the Eastern Caribbean. As a collective body, the OECS strives to harmonize and coordinate members’ economic and monetary policies, thereby facilitating trade, investment and overall economic growth within the region. Moreover, the organization also assists members in their social and political development efforts, making it instrumental in ensuring not just economic, but also social and political stability in the Eastern Caribbean. Bearing in mind these functions, the importance of the OECS in business/finance primarily rests on its pivotal role in promoting a conducive climate for economic activity and development in the Eastern Caribbean region.


The Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) is a regional inter-governmental organisation dedicated to fostering economic cooperation and integration across its member states. Established in 1981, the OECS has its roots in promoting economic growth, stability, and improved livelihoods in Eastern Caribbean economies. This is achieved through policy coordination, joint diplomatic representations, and cooperation on key sectors such as trade, tourism, education, legal affairs, financial services, disaster risk management, and health. In essence, OECS functions as an economic alliance to help its members negotiate more favorable trading agreements, development aid, and investment opportunities.Moreover, the OECS supports the development of a robust and resilient economic framework for its member countries. This includes the operation of the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank, which oversees and regulates monetary policy, banking, and other financial affairs in the region. The organisation also plays a crucial role in the establishment of various regional treaties aimed at streamlining economic integration and coordination. Notably, the OECS Economic Union established a single financial and economic space among member states, which facilitates easier movement of goods, services, and labor force within the region. This intensification of collaborative efforts strengthens members’ capacity to face global competition and economic crises.


1. The Eastern Caribbean Central Bank: This is a significant real-world example related to the OECS. The Eastern Caribbean Central Bank (ECCB) was established as the monetary authority for the members of the OECS. It is responsible for managing the Eastern Caribbean dollar, which is the currency used by all OECS members, and controlling inflation to ensure the financial stability of the region.2. Joint Tourism Policy: The OECS has jointly developed and implemented tourism policies to promote the region as a unified tourist destination. This shared approach to tourism marketing and policy-making is a practical example of the collaboration within the OECS.3. Trade and Economic Integration: The OECS countries often negotiate as a bloc in international trade agreements. For instance, the formation of the Economic Union in 2010 provided for free movement of goods, people, and capital within the member states. This has greatly improved trade and economic integration within the region, providing businesses with larger regional markets to ply their goods or services.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS)?

The Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) is an inter-governmental organization that promotes economic harmonization and integration, promotes peace and stability, and helps to effectively utilize the region’s resources among its member states in the Eastern Caribbean.

When was the OECS established?

The Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) was established on 18 June 1981.

Which countries are members of the OECS?

The OECS currently has ten members, which include Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, British Virgin Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Martinique.

What is the main goal of the OECS?

The main goal of the OECS is to promote cooperation among its members and defend their sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence.

What does the OECS do in the field of finance and business?

In terms of finance and business, the OECS aims to establish a single financial and economic space to ensure economic stability, boost investment and promote sustainable growth among member countries.

Who manages the OECS?

The OECS is managed by an assembly, a commission and other various councils that are made up of representatives from the member countries.

How does OECS support the business sector?

The OECS supports the business sector by establishing a single financial space, laying down policies to boost the business environment, advocating for easier market accessibility, and facilitating business integration among member countries.

Where is the headquarters of the OECS located?

The headquarters of the OECS is located in Castries, the capital city of Saint Lucia.

How does being a member of the OECS benefit countries economically?

Member countries benefit economically from being a member of OECS through greater trade opportunities, increased economic stability, and access to shared regional services and resources.

: Can new members join the OECS?

: Yes, new members can join the OECS. Certain criteria are to be met which include acceptance of the OECS Treaty and approval by two-thirds majority of the OECS Authority.

Related Finance Terms

  • Regional Trade Agreement (RTA)
  • Economic Integration
  • Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU)
  • Eastern Caribbean Central Bank (ECCB)
  • Economic Union Treaty

Sources for More Information

About Due

Due makes it easier to retire on your terms. We give you a realistic view on exactly where you’re at financially so when you retire you know how much money you’ll get each month. Get started today.

Due Fact-Checking Standards and Processes

To ensure we’re putting out the highest content standards, we sought out the help of certified financial experts and accredited individuals to verify our advice. We also rely on them for the most up to date information and data to make sure our in-depth research has the facts right, for today… Not yesterday. Our financial expert review board allows our readers to not only trust the information they are reading but to act on it as well. Most of our authors are CFP (Certified Financial Planners) or CRPC (Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor) certified and all have college degrees. Learn more about annuities, retirement advice and take the correct steps towards financial freedom and knowing exactly where you stand today. Learn everything about our top-notch financial expert reviews below… Learn More