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One Bank Holding Company


A One Bank Holding Company refers to a corporation or entity that owns and controls one single commercial bank. Its primary purpose is to regulate, oversee and manage all aspects of that individual bank. This setup often provides the holding company greater legal and financial flexibility and protection than if it was operating as a standard bank.


The phonetics of the keyword “One Bank Holding Company” are:wʌn bæŋk ˈhoʊldɪŋ ˈkʌmpəni

Key Takeaways

  1. One Bank Holding Company is an institution that controls at least one bank.
  2. It provides a range of financial services which can include commercial banking, credit card issuance, managing risk, asset management, and insurance services.
  3. Regulatory guidelines for One Bank Holding Companies are typically stricter than other businesses, ensuring they maintain a high level of financial stability and security for their customers.


A One Bank Holding Company (OBHC) is of significant importance because it acts as a form of a business structure that allows a parent company to own and control a single commercial bank. The OBHC structure provides numerous advantages. It not only facilitates capital generation for the bank but also offers a legal way to purchase and start additional non-banking related businesses. This can increase diversification, profit sources, and overall business stability. Moreover, they are subject to regulation by the Federal Reserve, which helps ensure financial soundness and customer protection, reinforcing the systemic stability of the financial sector.


A One Bank Holding Company (OBHC) originally came into existence to streamline operations, centralize control, and facilitate better financial management in the banking sector. They serve as a key driver for consolidation and restructuring in the banking industry. When one organization or individual holds a controlling interest in a single bank’s stocks, it becomes a One Bank Holding Company. By controlling a single bank, these holding companies can take strategic decisions and oversee the crucial aspects like market expansion, capital allocation, and risk management procedures. They can effectively manage the bank’s operations, modify business strategies and practices, and guide the bank toward financial stability and sustained growth. Besides this, OBHCs are used to increase capital availability and fuel growth for the controlled bank. This is because OBHCs can raise funds more efficiently and at lower costs in the capital markets than the banks themselves. Furthermore, holding companies can engage in a wider range of non-banking activities, potentially generating additional revenue. Also, the regulatory framework for OBHCs often allows more flexibility than for independent banks. For instance, OBHCs typically have greater latitude in executing mergers, acquisitions, and divestitures. Thus, an OBHC provides a strategic and financial advantage, which can enable a bank to expand its operations, diversify its revenue streams, and attain greater financial stability.


1. Berkshire Hathaway Inc.: As a holding company, Berkshire Hathaway owns a wide range of businesses including banking and finance companies. Berkshire’s insurance businesses, GEICO and Berkshire Hathaway Primary Group, hold billions in various bank securities. 2. Bank of America Corporation: Operating primarily in the United States but extensively at the international level as well, Bank of America is a classic example of a one-bank holding company. Bank of America Corporation operates all its businesses and holdings under one single entity. 3. JPMorgan Chase & Co.: As one of the largest financial institutions in the United States, JPMorgan Chase operates as a bank holding company. All divisions and subsidiaries, including Chase Bank and J.P. Morgan Asset Management, are controlled and managed under this singular entity.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a One Bank Holding Company?
A One Bank Holding Company (OBHC) refers to a corporation that holds control over at least one commercial bank. It’s a method used by investors to gain control over a bank.
How can a company become a One Bank Holding Company?
To become a One Bank Holding Company, the corporation must own at least a quarter of the voting stock in a commercial bank. They must also obtain the right to control in any manner the election of a majority of the bank’s directors.
What benefits are there to becoming a One Bank Holding Company?
There are numerous benefits to becoming a One Bank Holding Company. First, they can provide an effective means of consolidation, reorganization, or expansion. Second, they can enhance their ability to raise capital. Lastly, it can assist in estate planning for family-owned banks.
Are there any downsides to being a One Bank Holding Company?
While there are many benefits, there are also potential downsides to being a OBHC. Some of these include the need to comply with federal and state bank holding company regulations, potential increased administrative costs, and potential limitations on non-banking activities.
Is a One Bank Holding Company subject to regulation?
Yes, One Bank Holding Companies are subject to regulation by the Federal Reserve. They must comply with the Bank Holding Company Act and other relevant banking regulations.
Can a One Bank Holding Company participate in non-banking activities?
They can, but any non-banking activities are subject to limitations and must be deemed closely related to banking by the Federal Reserve.
How does a One Bank Holding Company differ from a Multi-Bank Holding Company?
The key difference lies in the number of banks they control. A One Bank Holding Company controls just one commercial bank, while a Multi-Bank Holding Company controls two or more banks.
What is the significance of One Bank Holding Companies in the financial sector?
One Bank Holding Companies play a crucial role in the finance industry. They can provide stability in the banking system, they facilitate the provision of banking services to communities, and can lead to operational efficiencies through consolidation.

Related Finance Terms

  • Consolidated Supervision
  • Capital Adequacy
  • Financial Holding Company
  • Bank Subsidiary
  • Parent Company

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