Close this search box.

Table of Contents

North Sea Brent Crude


North Sea Brent Crude is a type of petroleum classification originated from the Brent oil field in the North Sea, between the United Kingdom and Norway. It serves as a major benchmark price for purchases of oil worldwide. This crude oil is light and sweet, hence ideal for the production of products like gasoline and diesel.


The phonetic pronunciation of the keyword: North Sea Brent Crude is: “North See Brent Krood”

Key Takeaways

<ol><li>North Sea Brent Crude, also known simply as Brent Crude, is one of the major classifications of oil used to determine the prices of oil globally. It is named after the Brent oil field in the North Sea from which it is extracted.</li><li>Brent Crude serves as a benchmark in the oil pricing hierarchy, often used to price two-thirds of the world’s internationally traded crude oil supplies. Its price affects the prices of other oils worldwide, making it a vital reference for oil market participants.</li><li>The quality of Brent Crude is considered to be high due to its low sulfur content and relatively low density. These characteristics make it suitable for the production of gasoline and diesel fuel, contributing to its high demand in the international oil market. </li></ol>


North Sea Brent Crude is one of the leading global price benchmarks for Atlantic basin crude oils. It is used to price two thirds of the world’s internationally traded crude oil supplies. This is crucial because it provides a reference price for buyers and sellers of crude oil, ensuring a fair market. Furthermore, it also underpins financial contracts globally, including futures contracts on ICE (Intercontinental Exchange). Therefore, its pricing, which is influenced by factors such as geopolitical events, changes in global supply and demand, and other macroeconomic variables, plays a critical role in global energy markets. Due to the importance of oil as a fuel source and its numerous applications in different industries, the significance of the North Sea Brent Crude extends beyond finance and business, affecting economies and societies worldwide.


North Sea Brent Crude, often referred to as Brent Crude, is a major trading classification of sweet light crude oil sourced from the North Sea. It serves several significant roles in the international petroleum industry. Foremost, it acts as a benchmark price for purchases of oil worldwide. As one of the leading oil benchmarks, Brent Crude is used to price two-thirds of the world’s internationally traded crude oil supplies, which means it sets a standard that allows global oil markets to interpret a barrel of oil based on this benchmark’s price.Additionally, North Sea Brent Crude is used as a reference point for policy decision-making, economic analysis and research, investment evaluation, and risk management. For instance, energy-related businesses and governments often peg their financial decisions to Brent prices. The prices of this oil are used to plan budgets, devise fiscal policies, and analyze global oil markets. Also, financial markets utilize Brent Crude to price financial products, which are regularly traded as futures contracts – typically by oil market participants aiming to hedge against fluctuating oil prices.


1. British Petroleum Operations: British Petroleum (BP) is one of the leading companies that explores, extracts and refines North Sea Brent Crude. BP’s operations around the North Sea provide examples of how the oil is exploited. The financial results of BP, including its revenues, costs, and profits, reflect the economic reality of dealing with North Sea Brent Crude in part.2. Market Impact Example: In 2016, a significant drop in the production of North Sea Brent Crude, due to maintenance shutdowns, resulted in spikes in global oil prices. This real-world example demonstrates the influence of North Sea Brent Crude on international oil market prices.3. Brent Crude Oil Futures: These are standardized contracts for the purchase and sale of Brent Crude on an exchange at a preset price on a future date. For instance, ICE Brent Crude futures are a key product for those involved in the oil industry, including producers, marketers, refiners, and end-users. These instruments are used for price risk management due to the volatility in the oil markets.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is North Sea Brent Crude?

North Sea Brent Crude is a type of oil that is sourced from the North Sea. It serves as a major benchmark price for purchases of oil worldwide.

Why is North Sea Brent Crude important in finance and business?

North Sea Brent Crude is one of the main global price benchmarks for crude oil. It directly influences gasoline and other petroleum product prices, affecting industries, financial markets, and consumers worldwide.

Where is North Sea Brent Crude sourced from?

It is sourced from the North Sea, specifically from oil fields located between the Shetland Islands and Norway.

How is the price of North Sea Brent Crude determined?

The price of North Sea Brent Crude is determined by supply and demand factors on the international market, geopolitical events, natural disasters, and other macroeconomic factors.

What is the difference between North Sea Brent Crude and West Texas Intermediate (WTI)?

North Sea Brent Crude and WTI are two of the most traded oil benchmarks. The key difference lies in their places of origin – North Sea Brent Crude comes from the North Sea, while WTI is sourced from U.S. oil fields. They may also differ in quality, with WTI generally considered lighter and sweeter.

How can I invest in North Sea Brent Crude?

There are several ways to invest in North Sea Brent Crude, including buying futures contracts, investing in exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that track the price of Brent crude, or investing in oil companies that have significant exposure to North Sea Brent Crude.

How does North Sea Brent Crude impact the economy?

The price of North Sea Brent Crude can have a significant impact on the economy. When the price is high, it increases the cost of gasoline and heating oil, which can slow economic growth. Conversely, when the price is low, it reduces the costs associated with these products, potentially stimulating economic growth.

Related Finance Terms

  • Oil Futures
  • Spot Price
  • Benchmark Crude Oil
  • Commodities Market
  • Energy Trading

Sources for More Information

About Our Editorial Process

At Due, we are dedicated to providing simple money and retirement advice that can make a big impact in your life. Our team closely follows market shifts and deeply understands how to build REAL wealth. All of our articles undergo thorough editing and review by financial experts, ensuring you get reliable and credible money advice.

We partner with leading publications, such as Nasdaq, The Globe and Mail, Entrepreneur, and more, to provide insights on retirement, current markets, and more.

We also host a financial glossary of over 7000 money/investing terms to help you learn more about how to take control of your finances.

View our editorial process

About Our Journalists

Our journalists are not just trusted, certified financial advisers. They are experienced and leading influencers in the financial realm, trusted by millions to provide advice about money. We handpick the best of the best, so you get advice from real experts. Our goal is to educate and inform, NOT to be a ‘stock-picker’ or ‘market-caller.’ 

Why listen to what we have to say?

While Due does not know how to predict the market in the short-term, our team of experts DOES know how you can make smart financial decisions to plan for retirement in the long-term.

View our expert review board

About Due

Due makes it easier to retire on your terms. We give you a realistic view on exactly where you’re at financially so when you retire you know how much money you’ll get each month. Get started today.

Due Fact-Checking Standards and Processes

To ensure we’re putting out the highest content standards, we sought out the help of certified financial experts and accredited individuals to verify our advice. We also rely on them for the most up to date information and data to make sure our in-depth research has the facts right, for today… Not yesterday. Our financial expert review board allows our readers to not only trust the information they are reading but to act on it as well. Most of our authors are CFP (Certified Financial Planners) or CRPC (Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor) certified and all have college degrees. Learn more about annuities, retirement advice and take the correct steps towards financial freedom and knowing exactly where you stand today. Learn everything about our top-notch financial expert reviews below… Learn More