Close this search box.

Table of Contents

Nonfinancial Asset


A nonfinancial asset refers to an asset with a value derived from its physical traits, rather than from a contractual claim. This includes both tangible assets like properties, equipment, and inventories, and intangible assets such as brands, patents, and software. These assets are usually used for the production of goods or services, or to increase the long-term value of a business or individual.


The phonetic pronunciation of “Nonfinancial Asset” is:Nonfinancial: /ˌnɒnfaɪˈnænʃəl/Asset: /ˈæset/

Key Takeaways


  1. Definition: Nonfinancial Assets are physical or tangible assets that are not primarily used for financial transactions. These include machinery, buildings, lands, raw materials, or any item of economic value that can be converted into cash, but not as a part of a business’s regular operations.
  2. Use in the Business: Nonfinancial Assets play a key role in the business. They are typically used in the production of goods and delivery of services. The value of these assets may appreciate over time, potentially adding overall value to the business.
  3. Risks and Management: Managing nonfinancial assets includes maintaining them to ensure their value doesn’t depreciate due to lack of care. It may also entail selling off nonperforming assets to improve the organization’s bottom line. Risks include asset devaluation or destruction, such as with machinery breakdowns or natural disasters, which could disrupt business operations.



Nonfinancial assets are crucial in business and finance due to their inherent values and impacts on a company’s long-term sustainability and profitability. They include tangible and intangible assets like real estate, equipment, inventory, patents, and trademarks. These assets form the concrete operational foundation that impacts a company’s ability to deliver goods or services. Moreover, nonfinancial assets can accumulate value over time, contributing to the company’s overall market value. Additionally, they can be used as collateral for loans, ensuring the availability of funds for business operations or expansions. Hence, understanding the value of nonfinancial assets and effectively managing them is essential for a company’s strategic planning, financial stability, and growth.


Nonfinancial assets primarily serve a fundamental, long-term operational purpose within a business. They are tangible or intangible assets a company uses in its operations to generate income rather than for resale or investment purposes. Examples include manufacturing equipment, office supplies, patents, trademarks, and real estate. These assets play a crucial role in maintaining and enhancing the productive capacity of a business and ensuring its sustained revenue generation. They are generally significant investments that are depreciated over their useful lives and provide benefits for several years.Nonfinancial assets are central to a company’s daily operations and its ability to offer its products or services. For instance, a car manufacturer requires machinery to produce vehicles, while a software development firm relies on intellectual property as a key resource. These assets are recorded on the firm’s balance sheet and their value – especially of tangible nonfinancial assets like real estate and equipment – can appreciate over time, enhancing the company’s net worth. Managing these assets effectively, therefore, is crucial for ensuring operational efficiency, improving profitability, and enhancing shareholder value. It is also worth mentioning that in accounting practices, nonfinancial assets are crucial elements that affect financial statements and ratios.


1. Real Estate: A primary example would be owning residential properties or commercial buildings. They are considered nonfinancial assets because they hold intrinsic value, apart from any financial contract or instrument. The value is often dependent on the property’s location, size, market demands, its maintenance, among other factors.2. Vehicles or Machinery: In businesses like courier services, transportation companies, or manufacturing firms, vehicles or heavy machinery are nonfinancial assets. They are necessary for the business to generate income. The value of these assets depreciates over time due to physical usage and market dynamics.3. Intellectual Property: Many companies’ main assets are their copyrighted materials, patents, trademarks, or brands. These nonfinancial assets often hold significant value – for instance, the branding of a global company like Apple, or the patents held by a pharmaceutical company for a particularly successful drug. The value of these assets comes from the competitive advantage they provide the company.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Nonfinancial Asset?

A Nonfinancial Asset refers to an asset that derives its value from its physical traits. These include real estate, equipment, machinery, vehicles, or inventories.

What are some examples of Nonfinancial Assets?

The most common examples of nonfinancial assets include buildings, land, vehicles, furniture, inventory, and equipment. Intellectual property like patents or trademarks can also be considered nonfinancial assets.

How do Nonfinancial Assets differ from Financial Assets?

Nonfinancial Assets are tangible or intangible items of value owned by an individual or corporation which are used to generate revenue. In comparison, Financial Assets, such as stocks, bonds, or bank deposits, are purely based on a contractual claim rather than a physical net worth.

How are Nonfinancial Assets evaluated or priced?

The value of a nonfinancial asset is typically based on its physical characteristics or the benefits it can provide to its owner. For instance, the value of a piece of machinery would be based on its functionality and condition.

Are Nonfinancial Assets accounted for in a company’s balance sheet?

Yes, nonfinancial assets are usually included under ‘property, plant, and equipment’ on a company’s balance sheet. They are accounted for at their cost price and then depreciated over their useful life.

Are Nonfinancial Assets important for a business and why?

Absolutely. Nonfinancial assets constitute a major part of a company’s asset holdings. These assets are used in the daily operations of the business, helping in producing goods and services that the company sells to its customers.

How does depreciation affect the value of Nonfinancial Assets?

Depreciation is the process of allocating the cost of a tangible nonfinancial asset over its productive life. Over time, as an asset is utilized, its value depreciates, reflecting the wear and tear and the reduced useful life of the asset.

Can nonfinancial assets be converted into cash?

Yes, nonfinancial assets can be sold or liquidated to convert them into cash. The time it takes to convert these assets into cash varies significantly depending on the type of asset, market conditions, and other factors.

Related Finance Terms

Sources for More Information

About Our Editorial Process

At Due, we are dedicated to providing simple money and retirement advice that can make a big impact in your life. Our team closely follows market shifts and deeply understands how to build REAL wealth. All of our articles undergo thorough editing and review by financial experts, ensuring you get reliable and credible money advice.

We partner with leading publications, such as Nasdaq, The Globe and Mail, Entrepreneur, and more, to provide insights on retirement, current markets, and more.

We also host a financial glossary of over 7000 money/investing terms to help you learn more about how to take control of your finances.

View our editorial process

About Our Journalists

Our journalists are not just trusted, certified financial advisers. They are experienced and leading influencers in the financial realm, trusted by millions to provide advice about money. We handpick the best of the best, so you get advice from real experts. Our goal is to educate and inform, NOT to be a ‘stock-picker’ or ‘market-caller.’ 

Why listen to what we have to say?

While Due does not know how to predict the market in the short-term, our team of experts DOES know how you can make smart financial decisions to plan for retirement in the long-term.

View our expert review board

About Due

Due makes it easier to retire on your terms. We give you a realistic view on exactly where you’re at financially so when you retire you know how much money you’ll get each month. Get started today.

Due Fact-Checking Standards and Processes

To ensure we’re putting out the highest content standards, we sought out the help of certified financial experts and accredited individuals to verify our advice. We also rely on them for the most up to date information and data to make sure our in-depth research has the facts right, for today… Not yesterday. Our financial expert review board allows our readers to not only trust the information they are reading but to act on it as well. Most of our authors are CFP (Certified Financial Planners) or CRPC (Chartered Retirement Planning Counselor) certified and all have college degrees. Learn more about annuities, retirement advice and take the correct steps towards financial freedom and knowing exactly where you stand today. Learn everything about our top-notch financial expert reviews below… Learn More