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Noncurrent Assets


Noncurrent assets, also known as long-term assets, are assets that a company expects to retain for more than one fiscal year. These assets include investments, property, plant, equipment, and intangible assets like patents and trademarks. They are used by the company in its daily operations to generate revenue, and they are listed on the balance sheet.


The phonetics of the keyword ‘Noncurrent Assets’ is:Noncurrent: /nɑːnkʌrənt/Assets: /ˈæsɛts/

Key Takeaways

Noncurrent assets are a key aspect to understand while making financial decisions. Here are three main takeaways about them:

  1. Long-Term Investments: Noncurrent assets, also called long-term assets, are investments that cannot be easily converted into cash or are not expected to convert into cash within one year. These can include property, plant and equipment, long-term investments, as well as intangible assets like patents or trademarks.
  2. Depreciation and Amortisation: Many noncurrent assets like plants, machinery, equipment depreciate over time. Their value declines due to factors like wear and tear, or obsolescence. Similarly, intangible assets such as patents, licenses, are subjected to amortisation. Both depreciation and amortisation spread the cost of an asset over its useful life.
  3. Importance in Financial Analysis: Noncurrent assets are crucial for financial analysis. They impact a company’s long-term solvency and directly influence revenue, profitability, and cash flow. They also signify a company’s ability for long-term investment and depict its potential for growth.


Noncurrent assets are a critical component of a company’s financial health, as they represent long-term investments or value within a business that can be leveraged for future benefit. These assets, which include items such as property, plant and equipment, long-term investments, and intangible assets like patents or trademarks, have a lifespan extending beyond one year. Knowing a business’s noncurrent assets can provide insights into its long-term strategy, its potential for future income, and its overall sustainability. Their valuation directly affects a company’s total assets, net worth, and reported equity on the balance sheet, playing a significant role in evaluating the company’s financial position. Evaluating noncurrent assets therefore provides investors, creditors, and other stakeholders with valuable information about a company’s long-term financial stability and growth prospects.


Noncurrent assets play a significant role in a company’s financial health and operations, they form the basis for long-term financial sustainability and growth. Noncurrent assets, also known as long-term assets, are investments that cannot be easily converted into cash or are not intended to be converted into cash within a year. These are typically assets that the business anticipates using or holding for more than one accounting cycle, which is usually one year. These assets are crucial since they represent the investments that will support the company’s ongoing operational needs and growth over an extended period.Noncurrent assets encompass fixed assets, such as buildings, machinery, and equipment, and intangible assets, such as patents, copyrights, and goodwill. It also includes long-term investments in other companies and long-term receivables. Depending on the industry, these assets can represent a substantial portion of a company’s total assets, thereby having a significant impact on a company’s financial ratios and performance metrics. They are used for producing goods or services for the market, reducing operational costs through efficiency or act as a source of income in terms of rent, royalties, or interests. By accurately evaluating the value of these assets, a business can make strategic decisions about spending, investing, and long-term planning.


1. Real Estate Properties: These are considered noncurrent assets because they can’t usually be quickly converted into cash. Businesses often hold onto property for a longer period of time, using them for operations, renting them out, or simply as an investment.2. Machinery and Equipment: For manufacturing businesses, the machinery and equipment used in the production process are considered noncurrent assets. They provide economic benefit for a longer period of time, often more than a year, and can’t be readily converted into cash.3. Intellectual Property: This can include trademarks, patents, copyrights, and other intangible items a company owns. These assets have long-term value. For instance, a patent can have a lifespan for up to 20 years, during which it can provide significant economic benefit to the company that owns it.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What are Noncurrent Assets?

Noncurrent assets refer to a company’s long-term investments that are not expected to be converted into cash or used up within one business year. These include items like buildings, lands, machinery, patents, trademarks, and long-term investments.

How are Noncurrent Assets categorized?

Noncurrent assets are usually categorized into tangible and intangible assets. Tangible assets like land, machinery, buildings can be physically touched, while intangible assets such as goodwill, brand recognition and intellectual property cannot.

Does depreciation affect Noncurrent Assets?

Yes. Noncurrent tangible assets like machinery or buildings lose their value over time, this reduction in value is called depreciation. This is accounted for annually in a company’s balance sheet.

How are Noncurrent Assets reported on a company’s financial statement?

Noncurrent assets are reported under the long-term assets section of the balance sheet.

Can Noncurrent Assets be converted into cash?

While noncurrent assets are not as liquid as current assets, they can be converted into cash but not within one business year. Selling property or equipment, or liquidating intellectual assets can turn noncurrent assets into cash if needed.

How do Noncurrent Assets affect a company’s liquidity?

Noncurrent assets contribute to a company’s earning capacity but they do not affect liquidity in the short-term. They can’t be quickly converted to cash for meeting short-term obligations.

What are some examples of Noncurrent Assets?

Some common examples of noncurrent assets include Land, Buildings, Equipment, Vehicles, Goodwill, and Intellectual Property.

How are Noncurrent Assets valued?

Noncurrent assets are typically valued at their cost price minus any accumulated depreciation. For intangible assets like goodwill, they are valued based on the amount a company is willing to pay for it in a business combination.

Do Noncurrent Assets impact business operations?

Yes, noncurrent assets such as machinery, equipment, and property significantly impact a company’s operations by aiding in production and service delivery.

What is the difference between current and noncurrent assets?

The primary difference is the time frame within which they can be converted into cash. Current assets are expected to be converted into cash within one year, while noncurrent assets are intended for long-term use in the business and cannot be easily converted into cash within a year.

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