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A Non-Security in finance relates to a type of investment that is not a bond, stock, or other conventional investment type. It often refers to assets like real estate, art, or precious metals. These types of investments don’t come with a certificate representing a legal claim on a portion of assets, as securities do.


The phonetic pronunciation of “Non-Security” is “non-sih-kyoor-i-tee”.

Key Takeaways

Here are three main takeaways about Non-Security:

Main Takeaways

  1. Definition: Non-security usually refers to items that do not involve any measure of financial risk or protection. It might also refer to matters not related to financial investments, such as data privacy and personal information.
  2. Types: Examples of non-securities might include certain types of contracts, real estate, commodities, and other tangible assets. In a non-financial context, it might include unencrypted data, open networks, etc.
  3. Considerations: For matters involving investments, the consideration or understanding of non-securities is important in portfolio diversification. For other matters, it means considering the risks and protections involved in the sharing, storage, and use of personal information.


The term Non-Security is important in business/finance because it refers to investments that are not traded on a secondary market, making them less liquid and often more risky than securities. These can include assets like real estate, art, or private businesses. The significance of non-securities in a portfolio can be substantial as they can provide diversification, potential for higher returns and possibly tax advantages. However, their risks and lack of liquidity also mandate that such investments should be approached with considerable caution and understanding. Therefore, the concept of non-security plays a crucial role in investment strategy, risk management and wealth planning.


The concept of a Non-Security in finance and business pertains to any form of investment that does not fall into the category of a tradable financial asset or ‘security’. Securities typically encompass instruments such as stocks, bonds, options, and futures contracts. In contrast, non-securities are the types of assets that don’t have yields tied directly to market fluctuations or dividends; they are usually not traded on an exchange and can often be more illiquid or hard to sell compared to traditional securities. Examples of non-securities may include direct investments in real estate, art collections, commodities, franchise operations, private enterprises, insurance contracts, or whole life insurance policies.The purpose of non-securities is primarily to provide a form of diversification for an investor’s portfolio. Investments in non-securities can serve as a hedge against the potential volatility typically associated with conventional security markets, thereby offering a buffer during periods of economic downturn. Moreover, non-securities can sometimes provide higher returns and asset appreciation over the long term, such as in the case of real estate or certain types of collectibles like fine art or rare commodities. Therefore, adding non-securities to an investment portfolio can achieve a balanced mix between risk management and maximization of returns.


1. Real Estate Investment: If an individual invests money into buying a property to rent or sell later for a profit, this would be a non-security investment. The return does not come from any promise made by another party, but from the investor’s ability to manage and capitalize on property value.2. Small Business Ownership: Investing money into a business, such as a restaurant or a retail store, is a non-security investment. The profits or losses result from the activities of the business itself, rather than the repayment promise of another entity.3. Artwork and Collectibles: Artwork, vintage cars, or other collectibles may increase in value over time. While they represent a type of investment, these are non-securities because such investments depend on the value of the artwork or collectible in the marketplace, rather than any contractual obligation for another party to repay money.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is a Non-Security in finance and business?

A Non-Security is generally a type of investment that does not fall into the category of a tradable asset or financial instrument. These are typically assets like real estate, commodities, or collectibles that do not represent an ownership or creditor stake in a company.

Can Non-Securities be traded in financial markets?

Generally, Non-Securities are not traded in the traditional financial markets the way stocks and bonds are. However, they may be bought and sold through other channels. For instance, real estate properties are bought and sold, but not on a stock exchange.

What are some examples of Non-Securities?

Non-Securities can include a variety of investments such as real estate properties, commodities like gold and oil, precious metals, and collectibles such as gems, artwork or antique cars.

Are Non-Securities high-risk investments?

The risk in Non-Securities investments varies and largely depends on the specific type of Non-Security. Some Non-Securities such as physical commodities like gold are considered reasonably safe (though not risk-free), while others, like collectibles, can be riskier.

Do Non-Securities provide dividends or interest?

Unlike stocks and bonds, Non-Securities generally do not provide dividends or interest. However, they can still provide a return on investment through appreciation in their value or income generation, as with rental properties in real estate.

How can I invest in Non-Securities?

How you invest in Non-Security assets depends on the specific type of Non-Security. Physical commodities can usually be purchased through a commodity broker, real estate can be purchased directly or through a real estate agent, and collectibles can be bought from dealers or at auctions.

Are Non-Securities affected by market fluctuations like stocks and bonds?

Yes, Non-Securities can also be affected by market dynamics. However, they are influenced by different factors than those typically impacting the stocks and bond markets. Non-Securities can add to a portfolio’s diversification because they may not be closely correlated with traditional securities.

Related Finance Terms

  • Non-Investment Assets
  • Tangible Assets
  • Commodities
  • Equipment and Machinery
  • Real Estate

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