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Nominal Value


Nominal value, in finance, refers to the face value or par value of a security, as stated by its issuer. It’s the price at which the security is initially offered for sale and often remains static, regardless of its market value. This term is often applied to bonds, stocks, or currencies.


The phonetic pronunciation of “Nominal Value” is: /ˈnɒmɪnəl ˈvæljuː/

Key Takeaways

  1. Nominal Value Definition: Nominal value refers to the face value or stated value of a security, such as a bond or stock, as given by the issuer at the point of issue. It is a crucial reference point but may not reflect the security’s actual market value.
  2. Role in Financial Instruments: In many financial instruments, such as bonds, the nominal value represents the amount that will be returned to the bondholder at maturity. However, for equities, the nominal value usually bears no relationship with the market price. It is more related to the equity’s initial issuance price and doesn’t change over time, unlike market value which fluctuates.
  3. Usage in Economical Analysis: Nominal value is often used in economic and financial analysis to compare different time periods. Without considering inflation, changes in the nominal value of an asset can indicate changes in demand, supply, or quality, among other factors.


Nominal value is a significant term in business and finance as it represents the face or stated value of a financial instrument, such as stocks, bonds, or currencies. It serves as an essential reference point for various financial transactions, facilitating the calculation of interest payments, dividends, or other associated fees. Identifying this nominal or par value supports proper valuation, allowing investors, shareholders or bondholders to assess the potential profit or returns of their investments. Regardless of the market price’s fluctuation, the nominal value remains constant, making it a critical and stable factor in financial analysis and investment decisions.


Nominal value plays an important role in finance and business contexts as it designs an essential benchmark for analysis. Particularly, in the world of bonds and stock market, nominal value or face value is the price at which a bond or a stock is issued, and it becomes the standard for determining the coupon payments (in the case of bonds) and a basis of return on investment. It’s this value that denotes the predetermined price at which the issuer repays the bondholder at maturity.In the realm of economics, nominal values are used to give a basic understanding of the real value in a given period. A crucial application of nominal value is in tracking the changes in market prices over time, which further aids in predicting inflation rates. However, it is to be noted that it may not reflect the actual purchasing power due to inflation, hence real values – which are adjusted for inflation – are also used in various financial calculations and comparison. Despite this, nominal value remains a fundamental concept in finance used in a wide variety of financial instruments and economic metrics.


1. Bond Par Value: Bonds are issued with a “par value” or “face value,” which represents the amount of money the bondholder will receive when the bond reaches its maturity date. It is the nominal value of the bond. For instance, if a company issues a bond with a par value of $1,000, this is the amount the investor will receive when the bond matures, regardless of the price they initially paid for the bond.2. Share Capital: A corporation’s share capital has a nominal value, which is the minimum price at which shares can be issued. The nominal value helps establish the corporation’s authorized share capital. For example, if Company A issues 1 million shares with a nominal value of $1 each, the authorized share capital is $1 million.3. Currency: Nominal value is also used in the case of currency. It is the amount that is printed on the note or coin and is the face value of the currency. For instance, a $10 bill has a nominal value of $10, regardless of its purchasing power or inflation rate.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Nominal Value in finance?

Nominal value, also known as face value or par value, refers to the stated value of an issued security, as shown on its certificate. This figure is typically the price at which bonds or stocks are issued and does not necessarily reflect the security’s market value.

Does the Nominal Value of a security change over time?

No, the nominal value of a security remains constant over time. However, the market value of the security can fluctuate based on various factors such as demand, market conditions, and company performance.

Is the Nominal Value of a security the same as its market value?

No, the nominal value is not the same as market value. The nominal value is a fixed amount, while the market value can change and could be higher or lower than this fixed amount.

How is the Nominal Value of a bond determined?

The nominal value of a bond is the amount that the issuer promises to repay to the bondholder at the maturity date. It is generally set at the time of issuance and stated on the bond certificate.

What is the significance of Nominal Value in stocks?

In the context of stocks, nominal value is the price at which the stock was initially issued. It allows companies to issue dividends, which are often expressed as a percentage of the nominal value.

What happens if the market value of a security falls below its Nominal Value?

If the market value of a security falls below its nominal value, it could suggest the company is performing poorly or that market conditions are adverse. However, this does not affect the nominal value, which remains constant.

Can the Nominal Value of a security be zero?

Yes, some companies issue shares with no nominal value or a nominal value so low it’s nearly zero to avoid certain legal and financial implications.

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