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Net Operating Profit Less Adjusted Taxes (NOPLAT)


Net Operating Profit Less Adjusted Taxes (NOPLAT) is a financial metric that calculates a company’s theoretical cash profits if it had no financial leverage. It is computed by subtracting adjusted taxes from the operating profit. Essentially, it measures the potential cash earnings if the firm’s income is taxed at the corporate level, ignoring any benefits from interest payments.


The phonetic pronunciation of the acronym “NOPLAT” would be “nop-lat”. The phonetic pronunciation of the phrase “Net Operating Profit Less Adjusted Taxes” would be: “net op-er-ate-ing prof-it less adjus-ted tax-es”.

Key Takeaways

  1. Key Indication: NOPLAT is a financial metric that symbolizes how much profit a company would have accumulated if there were no interest or taxes. This metric is primarily used to gauge the operating efficiency and profitability of a company from its core operations.
  2. Free Cash Flow Evaluation: NOPLAT is a vital component for evaluating the Free Cash Flow to Firm (FCFF), which is the cash accessible to the company’s creditors and stockholders. It provides a more precise view of a company’s feasible profit when compared to net income.
  3. Investment Assessment: By comparing NOPLAT across different companies within the same industry, investors are able to decipher which company operates most efficiently. It is a vital measure for analyzing the profitability and efficiency of diverse company’s operations, thus helping investors to make better investment decisions.


Net Operating Profit Less Adjusted Taxes (NOPLAT) is critical in business/finance as it highlights the potential profits that shareholders could receive if the company decided to distribute all its profits, assuming no change in the company’s operations. NOPLAT is a more accurate reflection of a company’s operating performance since it excludes the effects of interest payments and different tax environments, focusing on profits generated purely from operating activities. Additionally, it serves as a key input for calculating Economic Value Added (EVA) and serves as a basis for many other financial metrics used in valuation models like Discounted Cash Flow (DCF), thereby helping investors make informed decisions.


Net Operating Profit Less Adjusted Taxes (NOPLAT) is a financial metric that is used primarily for evaluating a company’s operating efficiency and profitability, after taking into consideration the impacts of taxation. Essentially, NOPLAT provides a more accurate insight into a company’s core operations and its ability to generate consistent income. By excluding taxes and interest charges, which can often be influenced by varying tax rates and debt levels, it allows for a much cleaner evaluation of a business’s operational efficiency.Moreover, NOPLAT is often used in the calculation of Economic Value Added (EVA) and forms the basis for numerous other metrics and financial models like discounted cash flow (DCF) analysis. By enabling investors and analysts to focus exclusively on the operational profitability of a firm, NOPLAT assists in making more effective comparisons between companies with differing tax situations and capital structures. Thus, it plays a significant role in investment decisions by providing a clearer snapshot of a firm’s core profitability.


1. Apple Inc.: In 2018, Apple’s operating income was reported at $70.9 billion. If we assume the tax rate is 21% after the recent U.S. corporate tax reform, they would pay about $14.89 billion in taxes, leading to a NOPLAT of approximately $56 billion for that year. This figure could then be used to calculate economic profit or for valuation purposes.2. Amazon: For 2020, Amazon reported net income of $21.33 billion. If we adjust for taxes (again assuming a 21% rate), Amazon’s tax would be around $4.58 billion. Subtracting that from their reported operating profit gives a NOPLAT figure of around $16.74 billion.3. Microsoft Corporation: In 2019, Microsoft’s operating income was recorded at $42.96 billion. With the 21% tax rate, the tax payment comes around to $9.02 billion. By subtracting this tax from the operating income, Microsoft’s NOPLAT for that year stands at approximately $33.94 billion. This number is crucial for financial analysts for calculating the company’s economical profitability and prospective investment opportunities.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Net Operating Profit Less Adjusted Taxes (NOPLAT)?

NOPLAT, short for Net Operating Profit Less Adjusted Taxes, is a financial metric that represents how much cash a company generated through its core operations, excluding the effects of interest expense and tax benefits from interest payments.

How is NOPLAT calculated?

NOPLAT is calculated by taking the company’s operating income, subtracting the taxes that the company would have had to pay without the tax benefits of interest expenses. It equates to: EBIT x (1 – Tax Rate).

Why is NOPLAT important?

NOPLAT is an essential measure because it reveals how profitable a company is from its operational activities without considering the effects of capital structure. This makes it easier to compare companies with different financing structures.

Can NOPLAT be negative?

Yes, NOPLAT can be negative. A negative NOPLAT indicates that a company’s operating income is not enough to cover the taxes owed and the company is not profitable from its operational activities.

What is the difference between NOPAT and NOPLAT?

There’s no difference between NOPAT (Net Operating Profit After Tax) and NOPLAT. They both refer to the same measurement and are used interchangeably in the financial world.

How is NOPLAT used in evaluating a business performance?

NOPLAT can be used to evaluate a company’s effectiveness in generating profit from operating activities and to compare business performance across peer companies. Also, it is often used in models for calculating economic profit and for assessing economic value added (EVA).

What does a high NOPLAT value indicate?

A high NOPLAT value indicates that the company has higher earnings from operational activities, thus is potentially more profitable after considering the adjustments for taxes and interest payments.

Is tax rate considered in the calculation of NOPLAT?

Yes, tax rate is considered in calculating NOPLAT, as it excludes the tax benefits a company gets from interest expenses to give a clearer picture of a company’s operational profitability.

Does NOPLAT consider non-operational incomes?

No, NOPLAT does not consider non-operational incomes. It’s a measure of operational efficiency and profitability and doesn’t account for gains or losses from non-core activities.

Related Finance Terms

  • Earnings Before Interest and Taxes (EBIT):
  • Free Cash Flow to Equity (FCFE):
  • Free Cash Flow to Firm (FCFF):
  • Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC):
  • Effective Tax Rate:

Sources for More Information

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