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Net-net is a valuation measure used in finance that refers to valuing a company based on its current assets, deducting all liabilities and intangible assets. It is often considered a conservative estimation as it excludes potential earning power of the company’s other resources. This method is typically used in the context of bankruptcy or liquidation scenarios.


The phonetics of the keyword “Net-Net” can be transcribed as /nɛt nɛt/.

Key Takeaways

Sure, here are the main takeaways about Net-Net:“`html

  1. Net-Net is an investment strategy primarily used in the field of value investing where an investor only invests in a stock if its net current asset value (current assets minus total liabilities) per share is less than the value of the stock. This is typically a conservative approach to value investing.
  2. The strategy is based on the Net Current Asset Value (NCAV) method which was promoted by Benjamin Graham, the father of value investing. The main idea is to identify the stocks which are highly undervalued to reduce the risk of investment.
  3. Despite its potential benefits, the Net-Net strategy is not very commonly used today as it’s challenging to find companies that trade below their net current asset value due to the efficient nature of modern markets. Therefore, it’s often used in combination with other strategies to balance the portfolio.



Net-net is a crucial business/finance term utilized principally in value investing, representing the most conservative value of a company that can be reasonably calculated. Essentially, it refers to a company’s current, tangible assets value deducting all debts and liabilities, providing an understanding of what the company would be worth if it were to cease operations immediately. The importance of net-net lies in its ability to provide a quick assessment of a company’s financial health and liquidity. It suggests the minimum value of a company, offering potential investors an insight into the feasibility of their investments. This knowledge becomes particularly useful when evaluating potential investment opportunities in distressed companies or during volatile market situations. Therefore, net-net plays a significant role in making informed business decisions.


Net-net is a financial valuation technique, applied primarily in value investing and particularly for the appraisal of retail or wholesale businesses. It uses a simple calculation to evaluate the potential return on investment for a company based on its net current asset value (NCAV). The imperative purpose of applying a net-net strategy is to identify companies whose shares are severely undervalued, signifying the shares can be bought at prices significantly less than the conservative estimate of the value of the business. This valuation approach requires a larger margin of safety, as it dives deep into the company’s balance sheet, choosing to focus on the immediate liquidation value of company’s current assets.Net-net pricing serves as significantly important for value investors, particularly those adopting a bottom-up investing approach which is often associated with Benjamin Graham, also known as the father of value investing. These investors utilize net-net to evaluate if a business is worth investing in by comparing its market capitalization with its NCAV. It is often used to identify “bargain” stocks where the current market price is lower than the company’s NCAV per share, which essentially means the investor is buying the company’s current assets at a discount and is getting its long-term assets for free. However, it’s essential to recognize that investing in net-net stocks carries a higher risk as they are often found in companies facing financial distress.


Net-Net in business finance is a strategy that involves investing in stocks that are considered to be undervalued. This strategy was developed by Benjamin Graham, who is known as the father of value investing. Here are three real world examples:1. Retail Stores: Suppose a company in the retail sector is struggling with their stock prices. Investors who follow the Net-Net strategy might look at this company’s current assets – like the value of their product inventory, the cash in hand, the real estate they own – and subtract all of its liabilities and claims senior to common equity (account payable, expenses, debt etc.). If this amount (net current asset value) is less than the company’s market capitalization, net-net investors might consider the company to be undervalued and a good investment opportunity.2. Manufacturing Firms: Investors might look at manufacturing firms which have significant tangible current assets like raw materials, work-in-progress goods, finished goods, etc. Similar to the retail scenario above, they calculate the company’s net current asset value and compare it with its market cap to find potential investment options. 3. Real Estate Companies: Real estate companies often have fixed assets in the form of land and property. Even in case of bankruptcy or liquidation, these can often be sold to pay off liabilities. Hence, investors might look at such companies for net-net investment approach, keeping in bifocal lens the potential value of the assets even in adverse situations. Remember, while Net-Net is a popular strategy, it’s not foolproof and involves significant risk. It’s also worth noting that the strategy is best suited for small, obscure companies, as they are more likely to be undervalued. Bigger companies are followed closely by many analysts and are less likely to be undervalued.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Net-Net in finance terms?

The term net-net is a value investing technique developed by Benjamin Graham, in which a company is valued purely on its net current assets. In particular, a net net stock is one where these assets, less all liabilities, are worth more than the company’s market capitalization.

How is Net-Net calculated?

Net-Net is calculated by deducting total liabilities and preferred stock from a company’s total current assets.

What does Net-Net reveal about a company’s financial health?

Net-Net is mainly used as a measure for valuation. If the net-net of a company is below its market cap, it may indicate undervaluation. However, if it’s consistently low over time, it may be a sign of financial distress.

Are Net-Net stocks a good investment?

This depends on the individual investor’s risk tolerance and investment strategy. Net-net investing can offer high returns, but it also carries risks, since it often involves investing in companies with potential financial instability.

What is the risk of investing based on Net-Net value?

Net-Net value focus primarily on the company’s balance sheet, often ignoring other important aspects like its business model, management, industry position or future earnings potential. Therefore, there is a risk that the investor might overlook severe issues that could potentially lead to bankruptcy.

Does Net-Net consider the company’s non-current assets?

No, this valuation does not include non-current assets which may include plant, property, equipment, long term investments, and so on. Because it’s thought that these items may be difficult to liquidate or their market prices may fluctuate significantly.

Related Finance Terms

  • Working Capital: Refers to the difference between a company’s current assets and current liabilities. It’s an important part of a net-net calculation.
  • Current Asset: These are the assets that a company expects to convert into cash within a year. They are included in net-net determination.
  • Current Liability: The company’s debts or obligations that are due within one financial year. Current liabilities are subtracted from current assets in a net-net calculation.
  • Net Current Asset Value (NCAV): A measure used in net-net investing, calculated as current assets minus total liabilities.
  • Bargain Stock: The term refers to shares of a company that are considered undervalued. Net-net investing is a strategy for seeking out bargain stocks.

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