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Net Current Asset Value Per Share (NCAVPS)


Net Current Asset Value Per Share (NCAVPS) is a financial metric that refers to the cash value of a company’s current assets minus its total liabilities, divided by the number of shares outstanding. Essentially, it shows the business’s liquidation value per share if all current assets were sold and all liabilities were paid. It helps investors estimate the minimum value of the company.


The phonetics of the keyword “Net Current Asset Value Per Share (NCAVPS)” would be: “net kurrent asset val-yoo per share (en-see-ay-vee-pee-ess)”.

Key Takeaways

  1. Basic Definition: Net Current Asset Value Per Share (NCAVPS) is a valuation metric that measures the net current asset value of a company, divided by the number of its outstanding shares. This measure can provide insights into a company’s financial health and its intrinsic value, often used for stock evaluation purposes.
  2. Computation: NCAVPS is computed by subtracting a company’s total liabilities from its current assets, then dividing the result by the total number of outstanding shares. This means that NCAVPS reflects the approximate amount that shareholders would receive per share if the company liquidated its current assets and paid off all its debts.
  3. Interpretation: The higher the NCAVPS, the more financially sound a company tends to be. A low or negative NCAVPS might indicate financial instability. However, it’s important to compare NCAVPS across companies within the same industry to get a better sense of what might be a reasonable or ‘healthy’ range.


Net Current Asset Value Per Share (NCAVPS) is a significant measure in the business/finance world because it allows investors and analysts to assess a company’s financial health and intrinsic value. By comparing a company’s market price per share with its NCAVPS, investors can determine whether the stock is undervalued or overvalued. This method, originating from Benjamin Graham’s value investing approach, essentially views shares as parts of a business rather than just intangible assets. When the NCAVPS is higher than the market price, it may indicate that the company is underrated, which could represent a potential investment opportunity. Therefore, the NCAVPS important as a tool in investment decisions, used in evaluating the company’s real worth and its potential for profit.


Net Current Asset Value Per Share (NCAVPS) is a financial measure commonly used by investors to determine the intrinsic value of a company’s shares based on its current assets. The purpose of this measure is to gauge value by comparing a company’s net current asset value to its market capitalization. Essentially, it’s used to identify companies that are trading for less than their net current assets, which could suggest that the company is undervalued. This data point is particularly useful for value investors who look for opportunities to purchase stocks at a price less than their intrinsic value, betting on the idea that the market will eventually correct such price anomalies.NCAVPS is calculated by subtracting a company’s total liabilities from its total current assets; the result is then divided by the number of shares outstanding. For example, if a company has net current assets of $1 million, has 500,000 shares outstanding, its NCAVPS will be $2. If the company’s stock is currently trading at $1 per share, investors may view it as an opportunity to purchase the stock at a bargain. The emphasis here is on the current assets, or those that can be quickly converted into cash, such as accounts receivable and inventory, and not on fixed, long-term assets like property and equipment. This serves as a safety margin for investors, as such a company can conceivably liquidate its assets and still return a profit to shareholders.


Net Current Asset Value Per Share (NCAVPS) refers to a valuation method in which start-up companies that do not yet have stable operating histories or established financing structures assess their current financial health. To put it simply, NCAVPS is calculated by subtracting a company’s total liabilities from its total current assets and dividing by the number of outstanding shares.Here are three real-world examples illustrating this concept:1. Company A: This company has total current assets worth $10,000,000 and total liabilities of $6,000,000. It also has 1,000,000 shares of stock outstanding. The Net Current Asset Value Per Share would be calculated as follows: NCAVPS = (Total Current Assets – Total Liabilities) / Total Outstanding Shares = ($10,000,000 – $6,000,000) / 1,000,000 = $4 / share.2. Company B: Company B has total current assets of $50,000,000 and total liabilities amounting to $30,000,000. With 5,000,000 shares of stock outstanding, the NCAVPS = ($50,000,000 – $30,000,000) / 5,000,000 = $4 / share.3. Company C: In the case that Company C has fewer assets than liabilities, such as having total current assets of $5,000,000 and total liabilities of $10,000,000 with 500,000 shares of stock outstanding, the NCAVPS = ($5,000,000 – $10,000,000) / 500,000 = -$10 / share. This indicates that the company has more liabilities than assets, therefore, the NCAVPS is negative. This situation represents financial instability, and the company will need to increase its assets or decrease its liabilities to improve its standing.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is Net Current Asset Value Per Share (NCAVPS)?

NCAVPS is a valuation metric primarily used by investors when analyzing companies. It’s calculated by subtracting a company’s total liabilities from its total current assets and dividing the result by the number of shares outstanding.

How is Net Current Asset Value Per Share calculated?

The formula for calculating NCAVPS is: (Current Assets – Total Liabilities) / Total Number of Shares Outstanding.

What do high and low NCAVPS values imply?

A high NCAVPS indicates that a company has a significant amount of current assets compared to liabilities, suggesting solid financial health. Conversely, a low NCAVPS suggests that a company has high liabilities compared to current assets, which could be concerning.

How often is NCAVPS calculated?

Although the frequency of calculation can vary, NCAVPS is generally calculated at the end of a company’s financial year, when all the financial data is available. However, it can be calculated more frequently depending on the needs of the business or investors.

Is NCAVPS a good indicator of a company’s financial health?

NCAVPS is a useful metric to assess a company’s short-term financial health. However, it doesn’t provide the complete financial picture as it doesn’t take into account long-term assets and liabilities. Furthermore, it doesn’t reflect the future earning capacity of a company.

Why is NCAVPS useful for investors?

The NCAVPS is a conservative valuation tool that helps investors identify potentially undervalued companies. If a company’s share price is less than its NCAVPS, it could indicate that the company is undervalued, assuming the company has future earning potential.

Can NCAVPS be negative?

Yes, NCAVPS can be negative. This happens when a company’s total liabilities exceed its total current assets. A negative NCAVPS can be a red flag for investors as it indicates a problematic financial position.

What are the limitations of using NCAVPS?

While NCAVPS can be effective in evaluating a company’s short-term financial health, it doesn’t account for factors like a company’s growth prospects, competitive positioning, brand value, or future profitability. As such, it should be used alongside other financial ratios and indicators for a more comprehensive analysis.

Related Finance Terms

  • Balance Sheet: This is a financial statement that outlines a company’s assets, liabilities, and shareholders’ equity at a specific point in time. The Net Current Asset Value Per Share is calculated using information from the balance sheet.
  • Current Assets: These are assets that can be easily converted into cash or used to pay off current liabilities within one year. Examples include cash, accounts receivable, and inventory – all key components of NCAVPS.
  • Current Liabilities: These are a company’s debts or obligations that are expected to be paid or settled within one year. Knowing the current liabilities is crucial to understanding a business’s short-term liquidity and for calculating NCAVPS.
  • Shareholders’ Equity: This is the net amount of a company’s total assets minus its total liabilities. It represents the amount that would be returned to shareholders if all the company’s assets were liquidated and all its debts repaid. It’s a crucial aspect to consider when calculating NCAVPS.
  • Liquidity Ratio: This is a financial metric that measures a company’s ability to pay off its short-term debts as they are due. It involves current assets and liabilities, just like NCAVPS, offering a clear image of the company’s short-term financial health.

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