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Nepalese Rupee (NPR)


The Nepalese Rupee (NPR) is the official currency of Nepal. It is issued and governed by the Central bank of Nepal, known as Nepal Rastra Bank. This currency is often symbolized as Rs or रू and is further subdivided into 100 paisa.


The phonetic pronunciation of “Nepalese Rupee (NPR)” is: Nuh-paw-leez Roo-pee (En-Pee-Ar)

Key Takeaways

  1. The Nepalese Rupee (NPR) is the official currency of Nepal, administered by the Central bank, Nepalese Rastra Bank.
  2. One rupee is divided into 100 paisa. The coins and notes are available in denominations such as 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50 paisa and 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1000 rupees.
  3. Nepalese Rupee carries a unique symbol which is an amalgamation of the Devanagari letter ‘र'(ra) and the Latin capital letter ‘N’ and with an additional horizontal line at the top.


The Nepalese Rupee (NPR) is the official currency of Nepal, making it highly important for understanding and conducting business and financial transactions within the country. This monetary unit plays a significant role in the national economy, influencing Nepal’s trade, investment, inflation rates, and overall economic health. The value of NPR relative to other currencies, typically benchmarked against key global currencies like the US Dollar, Euro, or British Pound, affects Nepal’s international trade, as fluctuations in its exchange rate can impact the competitiveness and profitability of Nepal’s exports and imports. Therefore, understanding the dynamics of the NPR is crucial for businesses operating in or with Nepal, foreign investors, global financial institutions, analysts, and policymakers.


The Nepalese Rupee (NPR) serves as the official currency of Nepal, a South Asian country nestled in the Himalayan Mountains between India and China. Its primary purpose is to facilitate the exchange of goods and services, thus acting as the lifeblood of Nepal’s economy. The Nepalese Rupee is issued in coins, banknotes, and electronic form, promoting ease of transactions and contributing to the financial circulation within the economy. It’s crucial to note that like any currency, the value of the Nepalese Rupee is determined by various factors, including supply and demand, inflation, interest rates, and the country’s economic strength and political stability.As a currency, the Nepalese Rupee is critical to Nepal’s national and international economic transactions. Locally, it is used by individuals and businesses to buy and sell goods and services. For example, when a Nepalese citizen purchases food in a market, pays rent, or invests in a local business, the currency used is the NPR. Internationally, the Nepalese Rupee is an essential component of Nepal’s trade relationships with other countries. The conversion rate of the NPR against other currencies influences the cost and revenue dynamics of Nepal’s import/export activities. Thus, the Nepalese Rupee plays a vital role in defining the financial contours of Nepal’s participation in global commerce.


1. Tourism Industry: A tourist traveling from the United States to Kathmandu in Nepal would need to convert their US Dollars into Nepalese Rupees to pay for local expenses like hotel accommodations, transportation, and food. The exchange rate determining how many NPR they get for their dollars is dictated by the foreign exchange market.2. Remittances: A migrant worker from Nepal, working in the Middle East, sends part of his income back to his family in Nepal. Despite earning in a different currency, the money is usually converted and received in Nepalese Rupees by his family.3. Import-Export Trade: A company in Germany is buying handcrafted goods from a vendor in Nepal. The transaction might be negotiated in Euros but paid in Nepalese Rupees considering the vendor’s location. The German company needs to understand the exchange rates to know the true cost of goods in their own currency.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ)

What is the Nepalese Rupee (NPR)?

The Nepalese Rupee (NPR) is the official currency of Nepal. It is issued and administered by the Nepal Rastra Bank.

What is the symbol for the Nepalese Rupee?

The symbol for the Nepalese Rupee is Rs or रू.

What is the exchange rate of NPR to USD?

The exchange rate between the Nepalese Rupee (NPR) and the US dollar (USD) fluctuates overtime. It’s best to check on a reliable financial news website or a foreign exchange rate platform for real-time information.

What denominations are available in NPR?

The Nepalese Rupee is divided into smaller units called Paisa. It comes in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, and 1000 rupees.

Where can I exchange NPR?

You can exchange NPR at banks, foreign exchange bureaus, and some hotels in Nepal. Some international banks also offer services to exchange NPR.

Can I use foreign currency in Nepal?

While some tourist areas and hotels may accept foreign currencies, it is always advisable to have some local currency, which is the Nepalese Rupee, on hand.

Does the exchange rate of the Nepalese Rupee fluctuate significantly?

The value of the Nepalese Rupee can fluctuate due to factors such as inflation, interest rates, political stability, and economic performance. It’s recommended to check the current exchange rate frequently if planning a business or travel to Nepal.

How stable is the Nepalese Rupee?

Like many other currencies, the stability of the Nepalese Rupee depends on various factors, including the economic stability of the country. For up-to-date information, it’s best to refer to a trusted financial news source.

Is it possible to use a credit card or digital wallet in Nepal?

While credit cards and digital wallets are gaining popularity in Nepal’s urban and tourist areas, many local businesses and rural areas still rely heavily on cash transactions in Nepalese Rupee. So, it’s advisable to always have some cash in hand.

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